Flashcards in The Basics of the Human Body Deck (20)
What is DNA short for?
What is DNA?
The blue print for life.
How many different types of cells are there within the human body?
What is tissue?
Groups of cells classified by size, shape and function.
What are the four types of tissue?
What are organs?
Structures made up of two types of tissue.
Have a specific function and defined shape.
What is a system?
Related organs that have a common function.
How many systems are there in the human body?
Name the systems of the human body?
Lymphatic & Immune
What is homeostasis?
The process by which a nearly stable environment is maintained in the body so that cellular functions proceed at maximum efficiency.
What are anatomical planes and sections?
Imaginary lines that pass through the body
What are the two types of epithelial tissue?
Simple - one cell layer
Stratified/Compund - two or more cell layers
Describe connective tissue?
Contains many different types of cells.
What are the three types of connective tissue?
Loose connective tissue
Dense connective tissue
What part of the body would you find loose connective tissue?
Made up of fibers and many cell types in a gelatinous matrix.
Found in skin and surrounding blood vessels, nerves and organs
What part of the body would you find dense connective tissue?
Bundles of parallel collagen fibers and fibroblasts.
Found in tendons and ligaments.
What is cartilage made of and where would you find it in the human body?
Made of collagen and elastin fibers embedded in a matrix of glycoprotein and cells called chondrocytes found in small spaces.
Found in ear, nose, ends of long bones, pelvis, skull and vertebral discs.
What are the three types of muscle tissue?
Where do you find nervous tissue?
In the brain, spinal cord and nerves that control movement, transmit sensation and regulate many body functions.