6.13 & 6.14 Primary & Secondary Survey Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 6.13 & 6.14 Primary & Secondary Survey Deck (4)
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1

What is involved in the secondary survey?

Central Nervous System:
- GCS
- patient can talk normally
- move face
- move all 4 limbs.
* Look for unilateral weakness.
Head & Face: Look and feel for:
- deformity, tenderness & bleeding
- pupil asymmetry and reaction to light.
Neck: Look and feel for;
- deformity & tenderness
- immobilise spine if necessary
Chest: Look, feel & listen:
- symmetry of air entry
- breath sounds
- tenderness
- crepitus
Abdomen & Pelvis: Look & feel for;
- tenderness
- distention
Extremities: Look & feel for;
- wounds
- fractures/breaks
- colour
- cap refill
- gross sensation and movement
Back: Look & feel for;
- tenderness
- deformity

2

What is a primary survey?

A rapid assessment of immediate threat to life.

Done for all patients, not just trauma patients.

3

What system do you use to perform a primary survey on pediatrics?

Pediatric assessment triangle.

4

What three criteria are used in the pediatric assessment triangle?

Work of breathing
Circulation
Appearance/anxiety

All assessed through looking at patient

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