Flashcards in 1.3 Stridor Deck (16)
Name 3 possible reasons a patient may have stridor?
What is stridor?
Stridor is an an abnormal high pitch noise created when air is moved through a narrowed airway.
If a patient presents with inspiratory stridor what might you suspect?
An obstruction above the vocal chords
If a patient presents with expiratory stridor, what might you suspect?
An obstruction at or below vocal chords
What is angiodema?
Intermittent, unexpected and unpredictable swelling of the mouth and face with no systemic signs of anaphylaxis.
What are some features of croup?
Slow onset of illness
Barking cough usually worse at night
Why are children at a higher risk of airway obstruction than adults?
Because the airway is narrower and less cartiliaginous support.
What is the treatment for croup or any other form of upper airway obstruction secondary to infection or swelling?
5mg nebulised adrenaline.
How often do you repeat nebulised adrenaline?
As required every 10 minutes
Is croup a viral or bacterial infection?
Is epiglottitis a viral or bacterial infection?
Is the onset of epiglottitis slow or rapid?
Rapid (over hours)
What are the signs and symptoms of epiglottitis?
Very sore throat
Why is epiglottitis so serious?
Risk of airway occlusion is relatively high
Is tracheitis a bacterial or viral infection?