Flashcards in 7.22 Paracetamol Deck (16)
What is the mechanism of action of paracetamol?
Inhibits the production of a number of prostaglandins and as a result is analgesic and antipyretic.
What are the two indications for using paracetamol?
1. Treatment of mild pain or in addition to other pain measures.2. Treatment of fever greater than 39 degrees causing discomfort.
What are the contraindications of paracetamol?
Universal contraindications plusPatient has taken paracetamol in the last 4 hours.Patient currently has paracetamol poisoning
What are the relative contraindications if taking paracetamol?
What are some products that may also contain paracetamol?
Is paracetamol indicated for pain associated with myocardial ischaemia?
What is neutropenia?Why is this information so important with regards to paracetamol?
Low white blood cell count.Administration of paracetamol can mask fever in such patients and should be avoided unless patients temperature is greater than 40 degrees.
What is the dose of paracetamol for a 5kg (approx 3 month old) child?
Dose = 100mgVolume = 2ml (250mg/5ml)
What is the dose of paracetamol for a 30kg (approx 10 year old) child?
Dose = 600mgVolume = 12ml (250mg/5ml) or 500mg (1 tablet at 500mg/tablet)
What is the dose of paracetamol for a 40kg (approx 13 year old) child?
Dose = 800mgVolume = 16ml (250mg/5ml)or750mg (1 1/2 tablets at 500mg/tablet)
What is the dose of paracetamol for a 10kg (approx 1 year old) child?
Dose = 200mgVolume = 4 ml (250mg/5ml)
What is the dose of paracetamol for an adult weighing more than 70kg?
Dose = 1500mg or 1.5 gramsVolume = 30ml (250mg/5ml) or 3 tablets (500mg/tablet)
What is the dose of paracetamol for a child weighting between 50 and 70 kg?
Dose = 1000mg or 1 gramVolume - 20ml (250mg/5ml)or2 tablets (500mg/tablet)
How is paracetamol given?
What is the formula to work out the weight of a child patient ages 1 to 10 years?
2 x (age + 4)