Additional class lecture data and videos Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Additional class lecture data and videos > Flashcards

Flashcards in Additional class lecture data and videos Deck (30):
1

___% of Americans are victims of violent crime.

50%

2

Percentage of victims of crimes based on age:
12yrs-
20yrs-
30yrs-
40yrs-
70yrs-

12yrs-83%
20yrs-65%
30yrs-40%
40yrs-30%
70yrs-8%

3

__ out of ____ people are vicitms of homicide.

1
200

4

__ out of ____ white femalees are victims of homicide.

1
500

5

__ out of ____ white males are vicitms of homicide.

1
160

6

__ out of ____ black females are victims of homicide.

1
170

7

__ out of ___ black males are victims of homicide.

1
25

8

Your environment can determine your _____ __________.

social functioning

9

Your ___________ can determine your social functioning.

environment

10

True or False: Every city has a hot spot for crime.

True

11

When is the most common occurence of crime?

Friday, Saturday, or Monday morning

12

True or False: concurrence can happen within a matter of seconds

true

13

Which state has the highest homicide rate?

Lousianna

14

What is Nevada's "Black Book"?

Nefarious people who have been banned from casino's due to mob ties

15

Why does Nevada still use the "Black Book"?

Creates an image that Nevada is mob free

16

Why was vagrancy created?

was created during the industrial revolution, because they needed more workers

17

Why do we use vagrancy laws?

controlling homeless to protect a city's image

18

What are the purposes and functions of law?

(1) reinforce values
(2) protect the community (by deterence or incarceration)
(3) regulate/coordinate social relations
(4) protect interests of elite/ruling class
(5) social engineering

19

What are Dead Letter Laws?

Laws that are rarely enforced, but have the potential to be reinforced for social engineering purposes

20

Economic crimes are punished more in __________ societies.

capitalistic

21

________ crimes are punished more in capitalistic societies.

Economic

22

Deterence works when you have _____, _______, and _______ punishment.

swift
severe
certain

23

What are the transitional factors from tribal to modern societies?

-increased population growth/diversity
-shift from "status" ---> "jurisdiction"
-major instituton: Kinship ---> State

24

List these crimes in order of seriousness: occupational crimes (i.e. income tax evasion, employee theft), violent crimes (i.e. child murder, rape), and public order/morality crimes (i.e. prostituion, marijuana).

Most serious to least serious:
-violent crimes (i.e. child murder, rape)
-occupational crimes (i.e. income tax evasion, employee theft)
- public order/morality crimes (i.e. prostituion, marijuana)

25

What is the public harm from prositution, drug use, gambling, and other "victimless" crimes?

1. Harm to other familly members
2. harm to the State as the "vicitim"
3. harm to public standards of morality

26

What are the exception to labeling theory of crime?

Mala en se crimes (murder, rape, property, theft)

27

Why do "Dead Letter" Laws Exist?

-Law is conservative, and slow to change.
-Never know if you need them for social engineering
-Easier to modify existing law than to enact a new one

28

What is hyperlexis?

excessie legal controls

29

What are the types of legal controls?

-criminal/civil laws
-regulatory codes
-ordinances
-licenses
-codes of conduct

30

What are examples of hyperlexis?

-FDA
-Transportation laws
-FCC
-Doing nothing can be against the law

Decks in Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology Class (47):