Flashcards in Additional class lecture data and videos Deck (30)
___% of Americans are victims of violent crime.
Percentage of victims of crimes based on age:
__ out of ____ people are vicitms of homicide.
__ out of ____ white femalees are victims of homicide.
__ out of ____ white males are vicitms of homicide.
__ out of ____ black females are victims of homicide.
__ out of ___ black males are victims of homicide.
Your environment can determine your _____ __________.
Your ___________ can determine your social functioning.
True or False: Every city has a hot spot for crime.
When is the most common occurence of crime?
Friday, Saturday, or Monday morning
True or False: concurrence can happen within a matter of seconds
Which state has the highest homicide rate?
What is Nevada's "Black Book"?
Nefarious people who have been banned from casino's due to mob ties
Why does Nevada still use the "Black Book"?
Creates an image that Nevada is mob free
Why was vagrancy created?
was created during the industrial revolution, because they needed more workers
Why do we use vagrancy laws?
controlling homeless to protect a city's image
What are the purposes and functions of law?
(1) reinforce values
(2) protect the community (by deterence or incarceration)
(3) regulate/coordinate social relations
(4) protect interests of elite/ruling class
(5) social engineering
What are Dead Letter Laws?
Laws that are rarely enforced, but have the potential to be reinforced for social engineering purposes
Economic crimes are punished more in __________ societies.
________ crimes are punished more in capitalistic societies.
Deterence works when you have _____, _______, and _______ punishment.
What are the transitional factors from tribal to modern societies?
-increased population growth/diversity
-shift from "status" ---> "jurisdiction"
-major instituton: Kinship ---> State
List these crimes in order of seriousness: occupational crimes (i.e. income tax evasion, employee theft), violent crimes (i.e. child murder, rape), and public order/morality crimes (i.e. prostituion, marijuana).
Most serious to least serious:
-violent crimes (i.e. child murder, rape)
-occupational crimes (i.e. income tax evasion, employee theft)
- public order/morality crimes (i.e. prostituion, marijuana)
What is the public harm from prositution, drug use, gambling, and other "victimless" crimes?
1. Harm to other familly members
2. harm to the State as the "vicitim"
3. harm to public standards of morality
What are the exception to labeling theory of crime?
Mala en se crimes (murder, rape, property, theft)
Why do "Dead Letter" Laws Exist?
-Law is conservative, and slow to change.
-Never know if you need them for social engineering
-Easier to modify existing law than to enact a new one
What is hyperlexis?
excessie legal controls
What are the types of legal controls?
-codes of conduct