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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (48):
1

Who is the founding member of the Positive School of Criminology?

Cesare Lombroso (1835)

2

Cesare Lombroso was an _______ ________ and former ________.

Italian positivist
surgeon

3

_______ _________ was an Italian positivist and former surgeon.

Cesare Lombroso

4

Cesare Lombroso founded “________”.

atavists

5

_______ _________ founded “atavists”.

Cesare Lombroso

6

What is an “atavists”?

subhumans that were a biological throwback or reversion to our caveman ancestors

7

What are the characteristics of “atavists”?

(1) excessive hair
(2) huge foreheads
(3) big jaws
(4) swollen lips
(5) bull-leggedness
(6) hunch-backs
(7) flared nostrils
(8) asymmetrical face
(9) beady and deep-set eyes

8

Who did Lombroso take influence from?

Charles Darwin’s idea of origin of species

9

According to Lombroso, what are the three types of criminals?

(1) Born Criminal
(2) Insane Criminal
(3) Criminaloid

10

What is the born criminals’ characteristics?

exhibits the traits of “atavists”

11

What is the insane criminals’ characteristics?

low intelligence and serious psychological problems/degeneracy

12

What is the criminaloids’ characteristics?

-no physical stigmata or signs of psychological degeneracy

-engages in criminal behavior due to situational and environmental factors

13

What is the most common type of criminal, according to Lombroso?

criminaloid

14

_______ _________ was the first person to systematically develop the idea that “biological structure determines social function”.

Cesare Lombroso

15

Cesare Lombroso was the first person to systematically develop the idea that “__________ ________ determines _______ ________”.

biological structure
social function

16

Cesare Lombroso established the value of ______-_______ ___________ for criminal behavior by examining how a wide variety of social and environmental factors.

multi-faceted explanations

17

_______ _________ established the value of multi-faceted explanations for criminal behavior by examining how a wide variety of social and environmental factors.

Cesare Lombroso

18

Who were Cesare Lombroso’s students?

(1) Enrico Ferri (1856-1909)
(2) Raffaele Garofalo (1852-1934

19

What was Enrico Ferri’s major contributions?

-his critique of the classical notion of “free will”

-his scientific investigation of the interrelationships between social, economic, and political factors and crime

20

According to Ferri, what are three major criminogenic (crime causing) factors?

(1) physical environment
(2) anthropological attributes
(3) social factors

21

What are some examples (Enrico Ferri's) physical environment of this?

an area’s structural attributes
climate/temperature
geographical location

22

What are some examples (Enrico Ferri's) anthropological attributes of this?

-age
-sex
-race
-(bodily) physical structure

23

What are some examples (Enrico Ferri's) social factors of this?

-population density
-cultural traditions
-religion
-nature of the government
-economic conditions

24

What are some of Enrico Ferri's liberal ideas?

(1) free trade
(2) abolition of monopolies
(3) redistribution of wealth
(4) birth control
(5) freedom of divorce/marriage
(6) public assistance/recreation

25

________ ________ argued that society must eliminate those who have shown that they cannot adapt to civilized life.

Raffaele Garofalo

26

Raffaele Garofalo argued that society must ________ those who have shown that they cannot _____ to civilized life.

eliminate
adapt

27

________ _________ supported the death penalty or policies of segregation (deportation and/or isolation) to keep criminals from the gene pool.

Raffaele Garofalo

28

Raffaele Garofalo supported the ______ _______ or policies of __________ (deportation and/or isolation) to keep criminals from the gene pool.

death penalty
segregation

29

Raffaele Garofalo believed in ___________ __________.

psychological degeneracy

30

________ _________ believed in psychological degeneracy.

Raffaele Garofalo

31

According to Garofalo, what are the sources/determinants of crime?

(1) lower intellectual abilities
(2) psychological pathology/degeneracy

32

Aside from Lombroso, who was Raffaele Garofalo influenced by?

Darwin’s law of adaption and the principle of the survival of the fittest

33

Who referenced Garofalo's work and views during World War II?

Nazi and Fascist regimes of Germany and Italy

34

Cesare Lombroso set into motion the idea that your _________ ________ determines crime.

biological structure

35

_______ _________ set into motion the idea that your biological structure determines crime.

Cesare Lombroso

36

According to Lombroso, biological structure determines ______ _______.

social function

37

____% of criminals have some type of psychological problem.

25%

38

Enrico Ferri believed in crime control through "______ _________".

social betterment

39

______ _____ believed in crime control through "social betterment".

Enrico Ferri

40

What two types of marriages did Enrico Ferri advocate?

(1) childless
(2) child with marriage

41

_______ countries tend to have high homicide rates.

Catholic

42

Why do Catholic countries tend to have high homicide rates?

Could be due to laws against divorce

43

Raffaelle Garofalo, believed in _______ _____ type of government, in which you let things take it's course.

laissez faire

44

________ ________, believed in laissez faire type of government, in which you let things take it's course.

Raffaelle Garofalo

45

Which of Lombroso's students was into fascism?

Raffaelle Garofalo

46

Garofalo believed criminals were _____.

dumb

47

Garofalo argued for __________.

sterilization

48

Cesare Lombroso, Enrico Ferri, and Raffaelle Garofalo all believed in __________.

determinism

Decks in Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology Class (47):