Flashcards in Chapter 13: Psychological Theories Pt. 1 Deck (23):
What do psychological theories place most of their focus on?
the etiology of crime and the stability and change of criminal propensities over the individual’s life course
What are the two main types of mental disorders?
What is psychosis?
a severe break with reality and may exhibit dangerous behavior
What are the symptoms of psychosis?
-hallucinations disorganized speech
-being in catatonic state
-engaging in grossly disorganized behavior
How long are psychotic episodes?
they can be brief or long
What is the behavior of most people who suffer with psychosis?
most psychotics are non-violent
What percentage of homicide offenders in the U.S. are considered psychotic?
only about 1% of all homicide offenders in the U.S. are considered psychotic
Why are people with psychosis placed under greater supervision?
Because they are fairly easy to identify
Among serial killers _________ is rare.
________ is less serious than psychosis.
What are the symptoms of neurosis?
Includes persons with:
-compulsive and obsessive behaviors
What percentage of the inmate population has neurosis?
What are the different types of psychological theories?
(1) Psychoanalytic Theory
(2) Learning Theories
(3) Social Learning
Who created psychoanalytic theory?
What are the three different components of human personality according to psychoanalytic theory?
id, ego, and superego
Is this the id, ego, or superego: unconscious reservoir of irrational, anti-social, and instinctual impulses
Is this the id, ego, or superego: attempts to mediate between two components of personality
Is this the id, ego, or superego: aka the great compromises or reality principle
Is this the id, ego, or superego: the conscious and unconscious elements involving the forces of self-criticism and moral/ethical prohibitions
According to psychoanalytic theory why do we have criminal behavior?
criminal behavior is a result of conflict between the id, ego, and superego
According to psychoanalytic theory what are the primary causes of crime?
(1) negative child hood experiences (i.e. poor parental relations and/or childhood trauma)
(2) abnormal maturation and fixation at a stage of emotional development
(3) repressed sexuality or guilt
What are some examples of childhood trauma?
-sexual assaults on child
-exposure of the child to sexual activity