Chapter 13: Psychological Theories Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 13: Psychological Theories Pt. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13: Psychological Theories Pt. 1 Deck (23):
1

What do psychological theories place most of their focus on?

the etiology of crime and the stability and change of criminal propensities over the individual’s life course

2

What are the two main types of mental disorders?

psychosis
neurosis

3

What is psychosis?

a severe break with reality and may exhibit dangerous behavior 

4

What are the symptoms of psychosis?

-delusions
-hallucinations disorganized speech
-being in catatonic state
-engaging in grossly disorganized behavior

5

How long are psychotic episodes?

they can be brief or long

6

What is the behavior of most people who suffer with psychosis?

most psychotics are non-violent

7

What percentage of homicide offenders in the U.S. are considered psychotic?

only about 1% of all homicide offenders in the U.S. are considered psychotic

8

Why are people with psychosis placed under greater supervision?

Because they are fairly easy to identify

9

Among serial killers _________ is rare.

psychosis

10

________ is less serious than psychosis.

Neurosis

11

What are the symptoms of neurosis?

Includes persons with:
-compulsive and obsessive behaviors
-anxiety disorders
-substance-abuse disorders

12

What percentage of the inmate population has neurosis?

4-6%

13

What are the different types of psychological theories?

(1) Psychoanalytic Theory
(2) Learning Theories
(3) Social Learning

14

Who created psychoanalytic theory?

Sigmund Freud

15

What are the three different components of human personality according to psychoanalytic theory?

id, ego, and superego

16

Is this the id, ego, or superego: unconscious reservoir of irrational, anti-social, and instinctual impulses

id

17

Is this the id, ego, or superego: attempts to mediate between two components of personality

ego

18

Is this the id, ego, or superego: aka the great compromises or reality principle

ego

19

Is this the id, ego, or superego: the conscious and unconscious elements involving the forces of self-criticism and moral/ethical prohibitions

superego

20

According to psychoanalytic theory why do we have criminal behavior?

criminal behavior is a result of conflict between the id, ego, and superego

21

According to psychoanalytic theory what are the primary causes of crime?

(1) negative child hood experiences (i.e. poor parental relations and/or childhood trauma)
(2) abnormal maturation and fixation at a stage of emotional development
(3) repressed sexuality or guilt

22

What are some examples of childhood trauma?

-sexual assaults on child
-parental abuse
-incest
-exposure of the child to sexual activity

23

According to psychoanalytic theory what are ways we can understand and control deviant behavior?

dream therapy and exercises in “free association”

Decks in Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology Class (47):