Chapter 12 pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 12 pt. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 pt. 1 Deck (22):
1

Biological criminology began with ____________, who tried to link criminal behavior to facial features.

physiognomists

2

Franz Gall was one of the earliest Western scholars in the field of human _______ and _________.

anatomy
physiology

3

_____ _____ was one of the earliest Western scholars in the field of human anatomy and physiology.

Franz Gall

4

Franz Gall was a phrenologist who looked at _____ structure

skull

5

_____ _____ was a phrenologist who looked at skull structure

Franz Gall

6

Franz Gall identified ___ centers in the brain with __ main categories.

36
3

7

_____ _____ identified 36 centers in the brain with 3 main categories.

Franz Gall

8

What are the three main categories of the human mind, according to Franz Gall?

(1) love of humanity/world/loved ones
(2) intellectual and rational parts
(3) animalistic

9

According to Ernest Hooton (1939), criminals were biologically _______ to "normals".

inferior

10

According to Ernest Hooton (1939), criminals were biologically inferior to "_______".

normals

11

According to _______ _______ (1939), criminals were biologically inferior to "normals".

Ernest Hooton

12

Evolution of Hooton's work by Montague/Merton argued that criminals showed signs of ________ ___________.

advanced homosapiens

13

Who established the basic idea that one’s biological structure determines our behavior?

body-type theorists, who believed that there is a criminal link due to the casual connection between particular body types and a particular temperament

14

What is the difference between the endomorphic and ectomorphic body types?

(1) endomorphic- soft round physique
(2) ectomorphic- lean, fragile, small, guided by nervous system

15

_________ theories can be a “self-fulfilling prophecy”.

Biological

16

Biological theories can be a “____-________ ________”.

self-fulfilling prophecy

17

According to Sheldon and Gleuck's study, the __________ body-type has less crime.

mesomorphic

18

What is the mesomorphic body-type?

a person with a compact and muscular body type

19

Both ________ and ________ are basic neurotransmitters of electrical impulses within the brain that are associated with information processing and antisocial behavior

dopamine
serotonin

20

What does dopamine trigger?

(1) sensation seeking behavior
(2) avoidance of something unpleasant
(3) the ability to experience pleasure and pain

21

Serotonin is found in ________ _______ and ________.

impulsive behaviors
aggression

22

_________ is found in impulsive behaviors and aggression.

Serotonin

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