Flashcards in Chapter 25: Organized Crime Deck (25)
What are some example of organized crime?
“the mob”, “mafia”, and “cartels”
What is organized crime?
large-scale organizations that operate like legitimate businesses/organizations except for the fact that the goods/services they provide and the means by which they conduct business are illegal
What is the primary method of doing business in organized crime?
the use or threat of force
What are the different types of illegal activities that organized crime partakes in?
(1) the supply/distribution of illegal drugs
(5) loan sharking
(6) fencing and organized theft
(7) Money laundering
What is racketeering?
extorting a fee from an unwilling victim through intimidation, duress, and/or physical force
What is loan sharking?
loaning money at extremely high rates by putting up your property/body for collateral
What is fencing and organized theft?
the theft and sale of stolen goods through national and international markets
What is money laundering?
the taking of illegal profits and distributing them through legal businesses at reduced costs
Which industries have been illegally infiltrated by crime syndicates?
(2) Air Freight
(3) Water Front‐Cargo
(4) Restaurant Food Distribution
(9) Garbage/Waste Disposal
(10) Funeral Homes
(11) Real Estate
(13) Vending Machines
(14) Moving and Storage
What is the structure of organized crime composed of?
(2) operations continue past the lifetime of its individual members
(4) dependence upon the use of force and violence to maintain internal discipline and restrain competition
(5) maintenance of permanent immunity from law enforcement and other governmental agencies
What is the history of organized crime in the U.S.?
(1) Irish immigrants in the mid 1800s
(2) Italian immigrants gangs in the 1890s modeled after the Mafia
(3) the major turning point was prohibition by the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919
What is a “speakeasy”?
illegal drinking establishments
What are the key activities in the emergence of organized crime syndicates that took place during this Prohibition era?
(1) Johnny Torrio became leader of the Union Sicilian group
(2) “Gang” leaders across the country met in Cleveland in 1925 and Atlantic City in 1929 for mediating their differences non-violently
(3) meeting in New York City in 1934
(4) after prohibition organized crime moved into legitimate businesses
What is the “new” mafia?
a period of wider ethnic/racial diversity in organized crime syndicates
Which ethnic/racial groups and geographical regions have established their own crime syndicates?
Columbian Cartels (Medellin, Cali)
Most of the ethnic/racial mix in organized crime has occurred at the lower-level “______” activities
In order to have the same control as La Cosa Nostra, what does the “new” mafia require?
(1) an organizing principle which serves an equivalent role as family or kinship bonds
(2) better access to political power and the ability to corrupt it
Why have their been failures to control organized crime?
(1) a fragmented criminal justice system and the diffusion of responsibility for dealing with the problem
(2) inadequate intelligence on organized crime activities
(3) political interference and corruption
(4) a general lack of concern to eliminate this activity
Why is there a general lack of concern to eliminate organized crime?
stems from the public’s willingness to purchase illegal goods/services
What does RICO stand for?
What was the result of RICO?
lead to the conviction of members of organized crime syndicates
Does RICO work?
doesn’t work in stopping organized crime
Why does organized crime in part exist?
the criminalization of particular activities
How will legalization solve organized crime
eliminates illegal market