Chapter 25: Organized Crime Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 25: Organized Crime > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 25: Organized Crime Deck (25):
1

What are some example of organized crime?

“the mob”, “mafia”, and “cartels”

2

What is organized crime?

large-scale organizations that operate like legitimate businesses/organizations except for the fact that the goods/services they provide and the means by which they conduct business are illegal

3

What is the primary method of doing business in organized crime?

the use or threat of force

4

What are the different types of illegal activities that organized crime partakes in?

(1) the supply/distribution of illegal drugs
(2) gambling
(3) racketeering
(4) prostitution
(5) loan sharking
(6) fencing and organized theft
(7) Money laundering

5

What is racketeering?

extorting a fee from an unwilling victim through intimidation, duress, and/or physical force

6

What is loan sharking?

loaning money at extremely high rates by putting up your property/body for collateral

7

What is fencing and organized theft?

the theft and sale of stolen goods through national and international markets

8

What is money laundering?

the taking of illegal profits and distributing them through legal businesses at reduced costs

9

Which industries have been illegally infiltrated by crime syndicates?

(1) Trucking
(2) Air Freight
(3) Water Front‐Cargo
(4) Restaurant Food Distribution
(5) Construction
(6) Entertainment
(7) Jewelry
(8)Garment
(9) Garbage/Waste Disposal
(10) Funeral Homes
(11) Real Estate
(12) Liquor
(13) Vending Machines
(14) Moving and Storage

10

What is the structure of organized crime composed of?

(1) hierarchal

(2) operations continue past the lifetime of its individual members
(3) “turfs”

(4) dependence upon the use of force and violence to maintain internal discipline and restrain competition

(5) maintenance of permanent immunity from law enforcement and other governmental agencies

11

What is the history of organized crime in the U.S.?

(1) Irish immigrants in the mid 1800s

(2) Italian immigrants gangs in the 1890s modeled after the Mafia

(3) the major turning point was prohibition by the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919

12

What is a “speakeasy”?

illegal drinking establishments

13

What are the key activities in the emergence of organized crime syndicates that took place during this Prohibition era?

(1) Johnny Torrio became leader of the Union Sicilian group

(2) “Gang” leaders across the country met in Cleveland in 1925 and Atlantic City in 1929 for mediating their differences non-violently

(3) meeting in New York City in 1934

(4) after prohibition organized crime moved into legitimate businesses

14

What is the “new” mafia?

a period of wider ethnic/racial diversity in organized crime syndicates

15

Which ethnic/racial groups and geographical regions have established their own crime syndicates?

Russian Mafia
Mexican Mafia
Dixie Mafia
Japanese Yakusa
Columbian Cartels (Medellin, Cali)
Jamaican Posse

16

Most of the ethnic/racial mix in organized crime has occurred at the lower-level “______” activities

street

17

In order to have the same control as La Cosa Nostra, what does the “new” mafia require?

(1) an organizing principle which serves an equivalent role as family or kinship bonds

(2) better access to political power and the ability to corrupt it

18

Why have their been failures to control organized crime?

(1) a fragmented criminal justice system and the diffusion of responsibility for dealing with the problem

(2) inadequate intelligence on organized crime activities

(3) political interference and corruption

(4) a general lack of concern to eliminate this activity

19

Why is there a general lack of concern to eliminate organized crime?

stems from the public’s willingness to purchase illegal goods/services

20

What does RICO stand for?

Racketeering
Influenced
Corrupt
Organizations

21

What was the result of RICO?

lead to the conviction of members of organized crime syndicates

22

Does RICO work?

doesn’t work in stopping organized crime

23

Why does organized crime in part exist?

the criminalization of particular activities

24

How will legalization solve organized crime

eliminates illegal market

25

What is the problem with legalization?

simply will drive activities underground again

actively encourage these activities

Decks in Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology Class (47):