Chapter 12 pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 12 pt. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 pt. 2 Deck (14):
1

__ out of ___ males have an extra "y" chromosome.

1
15

2

Does an extra "y" chromosome in males correlate with higher crime.

-There is no evidence of this
-could be a self-fulfilling prophecy

3

How did the NY Schooling system try to suppress crime?

NY schooling systems, brought in a nutritionist in the 1980's.
As a result crime rates in teens dropped by thousands percent.

4

What is the theory between pheromones and sex offending?

Some suggest that particular men know how to copulate, find fertile women, and breed thus the violent sex offender

5

Testosterone is a risk factor for __________.

aggression

6

__________ is a risk factor for aggression.

Testosterone

7

When did testosterone peak?

peak in the mid‐teens and decline over the life course

8

What is the difference between base level testosterone and spike level testosterone?

Base level testosterone- is your normal level of testosterone.

Spike level testosterone is the ability to accelerate your testosterone level above your based level.

9

What are some examples of spiking levels of testosterone?

(1) chess players
(2) athletes
(3) psychopaths

10

_________ is associated with flight or fight reaction.

Serotonin

11

______ creates a relaxing affect.

Prozac

12

True or False: there is a link between Premenstrual Stress Syndrome (PMS) and crime

False; there is no correlation between PMS and crime

13

What are some of the problems in biological/psychological theories?

-not good at explaining the etiology of crime
-cannot explain social spatial distribution

14

What is the primary value of this new research paradigm?

(1) increased understanding of neurophysiology and other aspects of human information processing
(2) provided the analytic means to identify the relative magnitude of the genetic inheritability of particular traits
(3) led to a more complete specification of the various causal paths that link biological processes to differences in social behavior.

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