Chapter 23: Motor Vehicle Theft Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 23: Motor Vehicle Theft Pt. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23: Motor Vehicle Theft Pt. 1 Deck (29):
1

What is Motor Vehicle Theft?

the theft or attempted theft of a self-propelled, motorized vehicle that runs on land surfaces

2

What is NOT considered Motor Vehicle Theft?

foot-powered bicycles
motorboats
construction equipment
airplanes
farming equipment

3

What is considered larceny theft under UCR?

motor vehicles parts and accessories

4

How does the hierarchal rule record carjackings?

carjackings do not count as motor vehicle thefts, instead it may be counted as robberies, aggravated assaults, or felony murder

5

Is it still motor vehicle theft if a friend/family member borrowed one’s car without permission?

technically yes, but probably won’t be reported

The police are often unaware, because the victim and offender often handle them informally

6

Why is there definitional ambiguity when it comes to motor vehicle “attempts”?

if they are stopped by bystanders or car alarms, it is unclear if it’s a theft.

7

Motor Vehicle Theft rates generally increased from the early _____s until _____ and have generally decreased since that time.

1960s
1991

8

Motor Vehicle Theft rates generally increased from the early 1960s until 1991 and have generally ___________ since that time.

decreased

9

A motor vehicle theft being committed and known to the police every ___ seconds

44

10

What is the ranking of motor vehicle theft per region?

(1) West
(2) South
(3) Midwest
(4) Northeast

11

What is the ranking of motor vehicle theft per state?

(1) California
(2) Washington
(3) Nevada
(4) Arizona
(5) Hawaii

12

_____ __________ areas have higher motor vehicle theft rates than smaller cities and rural areas.

Large metropolitan

13

What are the characteristics of the average motor vehicle theft offender?

male
young (under 25 years old)
African-American

14

Changes in motor vehicle theft offender profiles over the last 40-50 years:
female offenders- from about 4% to about ___%
persons over 25 years old- from around 12% to ___%
Juveniles- from 63% to ___%
African-American- from 25% to ___%

18%
48%
21%
34%

15

Changes in motor vehicle theft offender profiles over the last 40-50 years:
_______ ________- from about 4% to about 18%
persons _____ ___ years old- from around 12% to 48%
_________- from 63% to 21%
_______-________ - from 25% to 34%

female offenders
over 25
Juveniles
African-American

16

What is the criminal record of the average motor vehicle theft offender?

can have limited or extensive criminal records

17

Are most motor vehicle theft offenders generalists or specializers?

majority are generalists, although some specialize

18

True or False: 2/3 of imprisoned auto thieves had other charges for auto theft in their criminal history.

False; 2/3 of imprisoned auto thieves had NO other charge for auto theft in their criminal history

19

What are the motives of professional auto thieves?

(1) strong financial motive

(2) select particular vehicles that offer maximum profit and minimum risks of detection

20

What is joyriding?

(usually young males who) take cars for temporary transportation

21

What are the characteristics of joyriders?

(1) are less rational and/or calculated in their target-selection decisions

(2) are situational opportunists

22

What are the psychic/intrinsic rewards for stealing cars for these situational opportunists?

(1) the cheap thrills/excitement from doing spontaneous/impulsive acts

(2) feelings of self-enhancement that derive from showing peers of one’s

23

According to NCVS data, less than __% of American households are victimized by motor vehicle theft.

1%

24

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
_____-headed households > female-headed households

male

25

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
_____-headed households >white-headed households

black

26

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
_______-headed households > non-hispanic households

hispanic

27

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
under ___ yrs old headed households > ___ yrs or older

20 yrs
65 yrs

28

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
households w/ lower household income (< _______) > households with greater income (> _______)

$15,000
$15,000

29

Motor Vehicle Theft victimization rates per household:
households in ______ areas > households in suburban and rural areas

urban

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