Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (15):
1

Has the amount of crime in America increased, decreased, or stayed the same over the last 50 years?

We really don’t know if the amount of crime in America has increased,  decreased, or stayed the same over the last 50 years, because data may not accurately represent crime 

2

__________ of ________ ________- (i.e., combine the results of UCR, Self-Report, and Victimization Surveys to uncover crime patterns across all 3 sources)

Triangulation
research findings

3

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: _____ is a commonplace event in contemporary American society.

Crime

4

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: Crime is a commonplace event in contemporary ________ society.

American

5

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: Crime is committed by all social classes, but the type of criminal _________ often varies by social class 

behavior

6

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: _____ engage in crime more than _______ but this gender gap is narrowing for non-violent crimes (e.g., property crimes, victimless crimes

Males
females

7

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: Males engage in crime more than females but this gender gap is narrowing for ____-_______ crimes (e.g., property crimes, victimless crimes

non-violent

8

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: The U.S. crime rate over the last two decades has probably been more stable than is shown by _____ data and claimed by various ______ outlets 

UCR
media

9

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: Young people are the most likely victims and offenders of __________ crimes 

predatory

10

One of the conclusions of triangulations of research findings: Police apprehend and clear by an arrest only a _____ proportion of offenders 

small

11

What are the most dangerous states, in 2007?

1. North Carolina
2. Arkansas 
3. Louisiana 
4. South Carolina 
5. Tennessee 

12

What are the most dangerous states, in 2009?

1. Nevada
2. Louisiana 
3. South Carolina 
4. New Mexico 
5. Florida

13

How is Triangulation data computed?

-Rank by UCR Violent -Crime Rate (total index) 
Composite Rank of 6 Index Crimes (equal weight) 
i.e.- murder, rape, rob, aggravated assault, burglary, my theft

14

What are some problems that data (about the most dangerous states) points out?

-the drastic differences in states, depending on the year the surveys were conducted, suggests that the data may be unreliable
-validity, are you actually measuring dangerousness of each state by using official data, which may or may not be accurate and consistent 

15

Identify and describe 3 different ways in which police departments may have changed their coding/recording/classifying of aggravated assaults that have led to decrease in the number/rate of these offenses in the last 25 years.

(1) count AAs as offenses like "domestic violence", "battery", "simple assault", and/or "threats" which would fall under the UCR category of Part II offenses
(2) use the hierarchical rule extensively so that aggravated assaults aren't counted in multiple offense incidents (because they are counted as robberies, sexual assaults, or murders)
(3) a greater tendency over time for police to fail to report particular incidents of aggravated assault (e.g., counting them as robberies or simple assaults) due to police discretion in recording criminal incidents.

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