Benign Neoplasms of the Skin Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Benign Neoplasms of the Skin Deck (16):
1

Cherry hemangiomas typically appear in ________.

adults with a truncal distribution

2

Cherry hemangiomas can be treated with __________.

lasers, electrodesication, shave biopsies, or liquid nitrogen

3

Hemangiomas are __________.

benign endothelial neoplasms; they're only complication is trauma

4

What are risk factors for infantile hemangiomas?

Being female, chorionic villus sampling during pregnancy, and prematurity

5

What is the natural history of hemangiomas?

Rapid growth in the first 1 to 3 months of life followed by eventual involution (50% by age 5, 70% by age 7, and 90% by age 9)

6

Port-Wine stains can be associated with _________.

Klippel-Trenaunry syndrome, which presents with excessive growth of one limb with accompanying edema and varices, or Sturge Weber syndrome (with potential neurologic/ocular involvement)

7

Nevus sebaceus generally presents as a ____________.

flat, yellowish/skin-colored lesion, often on the scalp; they increase at puberty

8

Adults (often after middle age) can have tumors of the oil glands, generally presenting on the face, called _______.

sebaceus hyperplasia

9

The medical term for skin tags is ________.

acrochordon

10

The only treatment for lipomas is ________.

surgical excision, because they are deep

11

_________ usually present on the legs.

Dermatofibroma

12

Describe the progression of collagen in keloid scarring.

Starts as type III then progresses to type I

13

Differentiate hypertrophic scars from keloids.

Hypertrophic scars do not extend beyond the original wound, while keloids do.

14

Tumors of the hair follicle are called _______.

seborrheic keratoses (Morgan Freeman)

15

Moles and nevi are _________.

intradermal

16

Although rarely biopsied, infantile hemangiomas typically stain positive for ______.

GLUT-1

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