Chapter 22: Residential and Non-Residential Burglary Flashcards Preview

Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology > Chapter 22: Residential and Non-Residential Burglary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 22: Residential and Non-Residential Burglary Deck (46):
1

What is a burglary?

the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft

2

What is a burglary under the FBI?

attempted forcible entry into a structure (also counts)

3

What was a burglary under the common law?

limited to a “dwelling house” and the lands and buildings surrounding the dwelling

4

What is a burglary under UCR?

the unlawful entry into any type of residential or non-residential structure

5

What are the two major sources of definitional ambiguity when it comes to burglary?

(1) the distinction between burglary and trespass is often muddled
(2) when a breaking and entering involves a physical threat or injury to the victim, burglaries are recorded as particular types of violent crimes

6

What is trespass?

the unauthorized entry on the land or premises of another

7

What is the difference in reporting burglaries based off of occupied versus non-residential structures?

occupied dwelling=(usually) burglary
non-residential structures= trespass or burglary

8

burglary rates increased greatly from the early ______ and peaked in _____, and steeply ________ over the next 30 years

1960s
1981
dropping

9

Burglary is committed ever ___ seconds

14

10

lowest burglary rate in 2011 since _____

1966

11

What is the ranking of burglaries per region?

(1) South
(2) Midwest
(3) West
(4) Northeast

12

When, and in which states, were the West’s burglary rate the highest?

in the 1960s
Nevada and California

13

Which region has consistently had the lowest rate of burglary?

the Northeast

14

What is the ranking of burglaries per state?

(1) Arkansas
(2) North Carolina
(3) Alabama
(4) Mississippi
(5) New Mexico

15

_____ __________ areas have have higher burglary rates than small cities

Large metropolitan

16

What are the primary “hot spots” for residential burglary?

lower income areas

17

How does social disorganization theory explain the "hot spots" for residential burglary?

(1) lower levels of community-based social control due to high population mobility

(2) economic marginality

(3) lower monitoring/supervision of youth

18

What are the characteristics of the average burglary offender?

male, young, and African-American

19

What are some reasons why we may not have an accurate arrest file for burglary?

(1) most burglaries are not known to the police

(2) only about 13% of known burglaries are cleared by an arrest

20

True or False: Burglars often have prior arrests.

True

21

Do burglars specialize and/or escalate?

do not specialize or escalate

22

What are the motivations and particular situational factors that underlie burglars selection of crime targets?

(1) motivated by both financial and intrinsic/psychic factors
(2) Can be planned or spontaneous
(3) the primary factors of target selection
(4) target hardening activities

23

What are the primary factors of (burglary) target selection?

(1) surveillability
(2) accessibility
(3) signs of occupancy

24

How effective are target hardening activities against burglars?

little effectiveness on experienced burglars

25

Households and victimization: ______ headed households > male headed households

women

26

Households and victimization: _____ headed households > white headed households

Black

27

Households and victimization: ________ headed households > non-Hispanic headed households

Hispanic

28

Households and victimization:
under ___ years old > ___ years old or older

20
65

29

Households and victimization:
household w/ income less than $____> households w/ income more than $____

7.5k
7.5k

30

Households and victimization:
households w/ ___ or more people > households with ____ person

6
one

31

Why are household with under 20 year old at a greater risk of victimization?

(1) living in single-unit dwellings in higher income areas

(2) greater protection of their homes by spending more time within them

(3) greater participation in situational crime prevention

32

Households and victimization: _______ > homeowners

renters

33

How does UCR data distinguish burglaries?

they are based on:
location
time of day
method of entry

34

Do a majority of burglaries occur in residential or non residential structures?

A majority (75%) of burglaries were residential burglaries

35

What percentage burglaries involve forcible entry, what percentage attempted forcible entry?

61% forcible entry
6% attempted forcible entry

36

What time of the day do most residential burglaries occur?

daytime hours

37

What time of the day do most non-residential burglaries occur?

night

38

What is the average dollar loss to victims per burglary?

about $2,200

39

What percentage of the victims of burglary were sleeping or involved in other activities at home when the crime occurred?

at least 25%

40

What percentage of victims reported their residential burglaries to the police?

58%

41

Why do victims of burglaries not report?

(1) the stolen property was recovered ; or the offender was unsuccessful

(2) lack of proof (that the crime occurred)

(3) police wouldn’t want to be bothered

42

What is the average jail and prison sentence for burglars?

jail sentence is 7 months
prison sentence is about 5 years

43

Why is imprisonment for burglary an idle threat?

(1) most burglars are not caught

(2) less than 30% of all arrested burglars are convicted and given a prison sentence

44

What are the Situational Crime Prevention (SCP) techniques for burglary?

(1) increasing the effort for offenders to commit crimes
(2) increasing their risks of getting caught
(3) reducing the rewards for crime
(4) reducing provocations
(5) removing excuses

45

What is the hoteling rule?

A rule used by FBI for counting burglaries in Multi-Unit Complexes

46

Do dogs deter burglars?

Your neighbors dog does, but not your own

Decks in Criminal Justice 270- Intro to Criminology Class (47):