Chapter 26 - The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 26 - The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865 Deck (51)
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31

George Catlin

sent out the first catalogue in 1872, changed the market and allowed for mail order more available than what they see in the stores

32

Frederic Remington

First painted portraits of American Indian Life. First person to envision the idea of a national park; influenced Yellow Stone

33

Montgomery Ward

sent out the first catalogue in 1872, changed the market and allowed for mail order more available than what they see in the stores

34

Combine

increased the speed of harvesting wheat by the 1880s; The mechanization of farms brought about the idea that farms were "outdoor grain factories."

35

Deflation

The Farmers were chained to a one crop economy and deflation was inevitable. The reduction of general level of prices. There were not enough dollars to go around and prices were forced down.

36

The Farmers’ Alliance

Founded in texas in the late 1870s farmers came together in alliance to socialize and break the grip of railroads and manufacturers through buying and selling.

37

Mary Elizabeth Lease

The woman who demanded that Kansans should raise “less corn and more hell.”

38

The Grange

Organized in 1867 by Oliver H. Kelly. He wanted to enhance the lives of isolated farmers through social, educational, and fraternal activities. The grange provided picnics and concerts to get farmers out of their homes.

39

Cooperatives

A jointly owned commercial enterprise (usually organized by farmers or consumers) that produces and distributes goods and services and is run for the benefit of its owners. anarchist. an advocate of a political theory favoring the abolition of governments.

40

Election of 1890

Election between Mckinley and William Jennings Bryan. Many new laws were passed and many states went democratic for the first time. Tariffs, trusts, and silver.

41

Greenback-Labor Party

Party who wanted to increase circulation of paper money and formed by farmers. Combined inflationary appeal with a program for improving labor.

42

James B. Weaver

A Granger who possessed a remarkable voice, and was elected for the Greenbackers. A favorite of civil war veterans.

43

Coxey’s Army

Jacob S. Coxey set out with supporters and newspaper reporters to Washington. He was demanding that the government relieve unemployment by an inflationary public works program, supported by $500million in legal tender notes to be issued to the treasury.

44

Eugene V. Debs

Man who organized the American Railway Union of about 150,000 members. PArt of the pullman strike.

45

Pullman Palace Car Company

The company that maintained a model town near Chicago for its employees and was hit by a depression. Cut wages by one third, while holding the line on rent for the company houses.

46

Mark Hannah

A hardcore Hamiltonian that believed the prime function of the government was to aid business. Became the personification of big industry in politics.

47

William McKinley

Was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 25th President of the United States. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry, and maintained the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of inflationary proposals.

48

William Jennings Bryan

e was at the 1896 Democratic convention with his Cross of Gold speech that favored free silver, but was defeated in his bid to become U.S. president by William McKinley.

49

Cross of Gold speech

Speech by William Jennings Bryan. He supported bimetallism or "free silver", which he believed would bring the nation prosperity.

50

Fourth Party System

The Fourth Party System is the term used in political science and history for the period in American political history from about 1896 to 1932 that was dominated by the Republican Party, excepting the 1912 split in which Democrats held the White House for eight years.

51

Dingley Tariff Bill

The Dingley Act of 1897 introduced by U.S. Representative Nelson Dingley, Jr., of Maine, raised tariffs in United States to counteract the Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act of 1894, which had lowered rates.

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