Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (23):
What does research start with?
Research starts with questions and formulating the right questions is one of the most important elements of research.
What is a question?
A question is a problem in need of answer.
Where do most of the important questions come from?
Does research often raise more questions than it answers?
How do theories and prior research raise questions for new research?
Through hieuresitic infleunce and systematic influence.
What is heuristic infleunce?
This occurs when theories or new research findings generate interest.
What is a systematic influence?
This occurs whne theories or research provide testable propositions for further research.
What is most of the research in psychology?
It is applied research.
What is applied research?
Applied research is direct attempts to find solutions to practical problems.
What is basic research?
Basic research seeks to improve the scientific understanding of nature without immeadiate concerns for practical goals.
What is sought after in basic research?
What is the difficulty of basic research?
What is a variable?
A variable is any events with different values.
What should research questions specify?
The questions specify what behaviours to observe and under what conditions the observations are to be made.
When classifying variables based on chracteristics, what are the types of ariables.
These are behavioural variables, stimulus variables and organismic variables.
What are behavioural variables?
Behavoural variables are any observable response of an organism.
What is a stimulus variable?
A stimulus variable is any environmental factors that have actual or potential effects on an organism’s responses.
What is an organismic variables?
Organismic variable is a characteristic of an organism that can be used to classify the organism for research purposes.
What is an independent variable?
Independent variable is a variable that is actively manipulated by the experimenter to see what the impact will be on other variables or used by the researcher to create groups to study based on pre-existing characteristics of the organisms.
What is a dependent variable?
Dependent variable is a variable that is hypothesised to be affected by the independent variable manipulation.
What is an extraneous variable?
Extraneous variable is any variable, other than the independent variable that might affect the dependent measure in a study.
What is a constant?
A constant is any event that is prevented from varying that is prevented from varying.