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Flashcards in Week 6 Lecture Deck (20):
1

What are the two international research ethic guidelines that are of central importance?

Helsinki Declaration. and the so-called CIOMS guidelines.

2

What year did the Helsinki Declaration occur?

1964

3

Who adopted the Helsinki Declaration?

The world medical association

4

How many updates have there been to the Helsinki Declaration?

8

5

What was the Helsinki Declaration born out of>

The nuremberg code 1947 military tribunal of Nazi physicians who experimented of WWII prisoners (Doctors Trial, or the Medical Case).

6

When were the CIOMS guidelines published?

1993

7

How does the CIOMS differ from the Helsinki Declaration

It deals more specifically than the Helsinki declaration with issues related to collaborative research.

8

What are our moral responsiblity?

FIdelity, reparation, benefience, non maleficence, justice, gratitude, self improvement and autonomy

9

What does fidelity mean?

The act of discharging of promises; trustworthiness.

10

What does reparation mean?

The act of making amends for failure to discharge a promise.

11

What is beneficence?

The act of doing good.

12

What is non-maleficence?

The act of preventing harm.

13

What is justice?

Reward of virtue and punishment of vice; fair and equitable action.

14

What is gratitude?

The act of returning kindness.

15

What is self improvement?

The act of self care.

16

What is autonomy?

Right to self-determination.

17

When may deception may be used?

This challenges Autonomy.

18

What are the conditions for using deception?

No physical danger or psychological harm results.
Researcher takes responsibility for informing respondent after the research project ends.

19

Access to certain groups may be impossible without what..

Deception

20

Why may deception be used to increase validity?

Explaining purposes might affect the validity of responses.