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1

What is tenacity?

“it has always been that way”.


Authority:

Rationalism: “it makes sense logically”.

Empiricism: “I observed it to be true”.

2

What is intuition?

“it feels true”.

3

What is authority?

“the boss says it is true”.

4

What is rationalism?

It makes sense logically

5

What is empiricism?

I observed it true.

6

What are the two types of empiricism?

Naive empiricism and sophisticated empircism

7

What is naive empiricism?

Literally need to see it to believe it.

8

What are the disadvantages of naive empiricism?

Severely limits what could be studied, because many interesting things cannot be directly observed (e.g., gravity).

9

What does sophisticated empiricism do?

Allows one to study both:
things that can be seen.
other things that produce effects that can be seen.

10

What is science?

A combination of rationalism and empiricism.

11

What is rationalism?

To derive theories from existing observations.
To derive predictions from theories to test empirically.

12

What is empiricism?

To provide the initial facts on which theories might rest.
To test the predictions from theories by seeing if they are accurate.

13

What are The 8 strengths of the scientific approach to psychology

Finds general rules.
Collects objective evidence.
Makes testable statements.
Adopts a skeptical, questioning attitude about all claims.
Remains open-minded about new claims.
Is creative.
Is public.
Is productive.