Chapter 3 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Vocab Deck (18):
1

Federal grants-in-aid that permit state and local officials to decide how the money will be spent within a general area, such as education or health

Block grants

2

Federal grants-in-aid to states and localities that can be used only for designated projects

Categorical grants

3

The authority granted Congress in 1, Section 8 of the Constitution to "regulate commerce" among the states

Commerce clause

4

A governmental system in which sovereignty is vested entirely in sub-national (state) governments

Confederacy

5

The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems

Cooperative federalism

6

The passing down of authority from the national governments to the state and local governments

Devolution

7

A doctrine based on the idea that a precise separation of national power and state power is both possible and desirable

Dual federalism

8

The seventeen powers granted to the national government under Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution. These powers include taxation and the regulation of commerce as well as the authority to provide for the national defense

Enumerated (expressed) powers

9

A governmental system n which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of government: national and regional

Federalism

10

A term that refers to the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through states and localities

Fiscal federalism

11

Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer

Grants-in-aid

12

The federal government's constitutional authority (through the "necessary and proper" clause) to take action that is not expressly authorized by the Constitution but that supports actions that are so authorized

Implied powers

13

The process by which national authority has increased over the course of US history as a result primarily of economic change but also of political action

Nationalization

14

The authority granted Congress in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for the implementation of its enumerated powers

"Necessary and proper" (elastic) clause

15

The powers granted to the states under the Tenth amendment to the Constitution

Reserved powers

16

The supreme (or ultimate) authority to govern within a certain geographical area

Soverignty

17

Article VI of the Constitution, which makes national law supreme over state law when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits

Supremacy clause

18

A governmental system in which the national government alone has sovereign (ultimate) authority

Unitary system