Pt 2: Chapter 12 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 2: Chapter 12 Vocab Deck (21):

Voters may only select candidates of the party for which they are registered

Closed primary


Anyone is allowed to vote for candidates from either party

Open primary


Voters registered to a party may only select candidates of that party, but independents may chose candidates from either party

Modified open


Party members meet among themselves to select candidates. Rules may be very complicated, including members having to choose publicly by standing in groups by preference, instead of secret ballot



An election-type selection process, with general voters going to polling places for a secret ballot



Delegates chosen locally by each party meet in a central location and select a candidate



Those polled get to list candidates in the order of whom they like most. As candidates are eliminated, the highest remaining on their list becomes their vote

Presidential preference


Whoever wins the most votes in the state, even if not a majority, gets all of the delegates

WTA- Winner takes all


The state's delegates are divided up among the candidates, in proportion to their percentage of the vote



A group consisting of the heads of the executive departments, who are appointed by the president, subject to confirmation by the Senate. This was once the main advisory body but no longer plays this role



The president's first months in office, a time when Congress, the press, and the public are more inclined than usual to support presidential initiatives

Honeymoon period


The critical period before the first presidential primaries and caucuses when the candidates compete for the public support, media attention, and financial contributions that can spell the difference between winning and losing once the voting begins

Invisible primary


A strong showing by a candidate in early presidential nominating contests, which leads to a buildup of public support for the candidate

Momentum (in campaigns)


Meetings at which a party's candidates for nomination are voted on and that are open to all the party's rank-and-file voters who want to attend

Open party caucuses


A measure of the degree to which the public approves or disapproves of the president's performance in office

Presidential approval ratings


A theory that argues for a strong, assertive presidential role, with presidential authority limited only at points specifically prohibited by law

Stewardship theory


The rule that grants all of a state's electoral votes to the candidate who receives most of the popular votes in the state

Unit rule


A theory that prevailed in the 19th century and held that the presidency was a limited or restrained office whose occupant was confined to expressly granted constitutional authority

Whig theory


A subunit of the Executive office of the President, this is the core of the presidential staff system in that it includes the president's closest and most trusted personal advisors

White House Office (WHO)


What are the 2 types of delegates?

Pledged and unpledged/super delegates.


What is a candidate's goal in the primary process?

To get a majority of delegates for the convention to secure the nomination.