Pt 2: Chapter 12 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 2: Chapter 12 Vocab Deck (21):
1

Voters may only select candidates of the party for which they are registered

Closed primary

2

Anyone is allowed to vote for candidates from either party

Open primary

3

Voters registered to a party may only select candidates of that party, but independents may chose candidates from either party

Modified open

4

Party members meet among themselves to select candidates. Rules may be very complicated, including members having to choose publicly by standing in groups by preference, instead of secret ballot

Caucus

5

An election-type selection process, with general voters going to polling places for a secret ballot

Primary

6

Delegates chosen locally by each party meet in a central location and select a candidate

Convention

7

Those polled get to list candidates in the order of whom they like most. As candidates are eliminated, the highest remaining on their list becomes their vote

Presidential preference

8

Whoever wins the most votes in the state, even if not a majority, gets all of the delegates

WTA- Winner takes all

9

The state's delegates are divided up among the candidates, in proportion to their percentage of the vote

Proportional

10

A group consisting of the heads of the executive departments, who are appointed by the president, subject to confirmation by the Senate. This was once the main advisory body but no longer plays this role

Cabinet

11

The president's first months in office, a time when Congress, the press, and the public are more inclined than usual to support presidential initiatives

Honeymoon period

12

The critical period before the first presidential primaries and caucuses when the candidates compete for the public support, media attention, and financial contributions that can spell the difference between winning and losing once the voting begins

Invisible primary

13

A strong showing by a candidate in early presidential nominating contests, which leads to a buildup of public support for the candidate

Momentum (in campaigns)

14

Meetings at which a party's candidates for nomination are voted on and that are open to all the party's rank-and-file voters who want to attend

Open party caucuses

15

A measure of the degree to which the public approves or disapproves of the president's performance in office

Presidential approval ratings

16

A theory that argues for a strong, assertive presidential role, with presidential authority limited only at points specifically prohibited by law

Stewardship theory

17

The rule that grants all of a state's electoral votes to the candidate who receives most of the popular votes in the state

Unit rule

18

A theory that prevailed in the 19th century and held that the presidency was a limited or restrained office whose occupant was confined to expressly granted constitutional authority

Whig theory

19

A subunit of the Executive office of the President, this is the core of the presidential staff system in that it includes the president's closest and most trusted personal advisors

White House Office (WHO)

20

What are the 2 types of delegates?

Pledged and unpledged/super delegates.

21

What is a candidate's goal in the primary process?

To get a majority of delegates for the convention to secure the nomination.