Pt 2: Chapter 12 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 2: Chapter 12 Notes Deck (58):
1

Where in the Constitution was presidential power discussed?

Article 2

2

Presidency was limited or restrained office

Whig Theory

3

Strong, assertive presidential role. With Theodore Roosevelt

Stewardship theory

4

The need for a strong presidency included what 2 kinds of leadership?

Foreign policy leadership and domestic policy leadership

5

The choosing of the president toward a more "democratic " system included what methods

The campaign for nomination and the campaign for election

6

The nominating process has grown more ____ over time

Democratic

7

How do voters choose the presidential nominees currently?

Through electing delegates to national party conventions

8

What state holds the first presidential primary

New Hampshire

9

What state has the first presidential caucus?

Iowa

10

What are the 4 constitutional authorities for the president's roles? (4 roles)

1. commander in chief
2. chief executive
3. chief diplomat
4. legislative leader

11

What is the current selection system of presidential selection?

Party primary, open caucus

12

Who formally selects the party's presidential candidate?

The national party conventions

13

Who selects the vice president candidate?

Presidential candidate

14

Who decides on a presidential platform?

The party

15

The ____ heals wounds and divisions from the nominating campaign

Party

16

The ____ presents its candidate to the voters

Party

17

How many votes does a presidential candidate need in the electoral college?

270

18

What states do candidates focus on?

Battleground states

19

What are the constitutional requirements for becoming president?

- At least 35 years old
- Natural born citizen
- US resident for at least 14 years

20

Includes:
- White House office
- Office of management and budget
- National security council
- National economic council

The Executive Office of the President (EOP)

21

Includes:
- Communications office
- Office of the press secretary
- Office of the counsel to the president
- Office of legislative affairs

White House office

22

This group is no longer used as an advisory body

Cabinet

23

The problem of control is most severe with appointees working in the departments and agencies that are

outside the White House

24

What is the factor in presidential leadership that deals with:
- conditions that are either not conductive to ambitious goals or are favorable to getting policies passed

The Force of Circumstance

25

When are the most favorable moments for a president?

The first months in office called the honeymoon period

26

Congress has a greater deference to presidential leadership on ____ policy

Foreign than on domestic policy

27

Presidents have an edge when the issue is foreign policy because why>

They have more authority to act on their own and are more likely to have congressional support

28

A president's ____ policy initiatives usually encounter stiffer opposition than their ____ policy efforts because why?

Domestic ; foreign
- Dems and Reps differ sharply in their domestic policy philosophies, and there are strong interest groups on each side of nearly every important domestic issue

29

The president has a superior ability to set what?

The national agenda. Whenever the president directs attention to a particular issue, members of the Congress take notice

30

Does the Congress always take action when the pres directs attention to a certain issue

Sometimes yes and sometimes no, depending in part on whether the president takes their interests into account

31

No source of unity is more important to presidential success that

partisanship

32

The term used to describe the situation where one party controls the presidency and both houses of Congress

Unified govt

33

Used to describe the situation where control is split between the parties

Divided govt

34

Congress's ultimate sanction is its constitutional authority to

impeach and remove the president from office

35

Presidential power rests in part on a claim to national leadership, and the strength of that claim is roughly proportional to the president's

public support

36

Presidential approval ratings are predictable high when?

at the start of the president's time in office

37

Periods of presidential dominance market by special set of circumstances: decisive election victory and a compelling national problem

The force of circumstance

38

Congress passed this in 1973 in an effort to prevent future presidential wars

War Powers Act

39

The president is ascendant

Zone 1

40

The president is in "cooperative" mode

Zone 2

41

The president is weakened

Zone 3

42

The president is how strong compared to Congress?

As strong as Congress, not stronger than Congress

43

This person makes sure that a specific department in the president's cabinet is functioning correctly

Secretary

44

Basically the accounting firm for the presidency

Office of Management and Budget

45

The more popular a president is the more

powerful they are

46

What are the president's sources of power?

- "Executive power"
- "herein granted" - not defined

47

What kind of powers does the president have?

- inherent powers that are increasing over time
- statutory or constitutional powers
- implied and emergency power

48

This power includes the State of the Union address, speeches, symbolic acts, and media center

Power to inform

49

The president's power to VETO can only be overrided with

a 2/3 majority of both houses

50

This includes appointing the Cabinet, Judiciary, and staff. Also the executive office of the President, and the Chief of Staff

Power to appoint

51

This power includes the ability to set the agenda for Congress

Power to recommend

52

This is a symbolic and real role, focal media point, since WW II its very important

Acting as the Chief of State

53

What are some of the constraints on the president?

- Constitution
- Federal courts
- Federalism
- News media
- Opposition party
- factions within presidential party
- bureaucrats
- international arena

54

Why would the Constitution be a constraint on the president

- Shared authority, divided government
- Separation of powers

55

What are the 5 constitutional roles of the President?

- Commander in Chief
- Head of State
- Chief executive
- Pardons
- Address to Congress

56

In the case of the 2 presidencies, what are the 2 roles and which one is the president most trusted with?

Domestic and foreign. Foreign role, he sets the agenda and the nation is more likely to follow it.

57

What is his duty in regards to economic and domestic policy?

Good or bad, blame it on the president

58

How is it determined if someone was a good president or a bad one?

A good president has expanded the roles and influence of the office of the president in the federal government