Pt 3: Chapter 17 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 17 Vocab Deck (16):
1

A power structure dominated by two powers only, as in the case of the United States and the Soviet Union during the cold war

Bipolar (power structure)

2

The lengthy period after WW II when the US and the USSR were not engaged in actual combat (a hot war) but were nonetheless locked in a state of deep-seated hostility

Cold war

3

A doctrine, developed after WW II, based on the assumptions that the Soviet Union was an aggressor nation and that only a determined US could block Soviet territorial ambitions

Containment

4

The increased interdependence of nations' economies. The change is a result of technological, transportation, and communication advances that have enabled firms to deploy their resources across the globe

Economic globalization

5

The condition in which tariffs and other barriers to trade between nations are kept to a minimum

Free trade

6

The view that the country should involve itself deeply in world affairs

Internationalist

7

The 3 components (the military establishment, the industries that manufacture weapons, and the members of Congress from states and districts that depend heavily on the arms industry) that mutually benefit from a high level of defense spending

Military-industrial complex

8

The situation in which nations act together in response to problems and crises

Multilateralism

9

The assumption that any nation will be deterred from launching a full-scale nuclear attack by the knowledge that, even if its destroyed the US, it too would be obliterated.

Mutually assured destruction (MAD)

10

The idea, exposed by President George W Bush, that they US could attack a potentially threatening nation even if the threat had not yet reached a serious and immediate level

Preemptive war doctrine

11

The placing of the immediate interests of domestic producers (through, for example, protective tariffs) above that of free trade between nations

Protectionism

12

Terrorism that transcends national borders and often targets people and locations other than the ones directly at issue

Transnational terrorism

13

The taxes that a country levies on goods shipped into it from other countries

Tariffs

14

The situation in which one nation takes action against another state or states

Unilateralism

15

A power structure dominated by a single powerful actor, as in the case of the US after the collapse of the Soviet Union

Unipolar (power structure)

16

Diplomacy, economic sanctions, and foreign aid as the means of protecting US interests

Soft power