Pt 3: Chapter 8 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 8 Notes Deck (36):
1

What were the first 2 parties?

Federalists and Republicans?

2

Republicans transformed into

Democrats

3

With Andrew Jackson and grassroots parties, it was dependent on what?

Voter support

4

Since the Civil War, what has our party system looked like?

Enduring 2-party system with partisan realignments during crises

5

What are the 3 basic elements of realignment?

1. Divisive issues- disruption of existing political order
2. Election- voters shift support strongly to one party
3. Enduring change in party coalitions to favor dominant part

6

In the History of realignments, in the Civil War who gained control?

Republicans

7

In 1896 what realignment happened?

Republicans solidified control

8

In 1932 what realignment happened?

Democrats gained control

9

Republicans:
- Dominant in what area?

South

10

Since 1968, this party has controlled the presidency twice more than the other party

Republicans

11

Republicans controlled both houses of Congress a ___ of the time since 1968

1/3 of the time

12

Which presidential missteps weakened the power of the Republican party?

Nixon and George W. Bush

13

Where do the Democrats dominate?

Northeast

14

What caused a loss of power in the south (movement)

civil rights stance

15

Since 1968 the democrats have been a ___ dominant party

less

16

What party do analysts think will have greater power going forward?

Analysts are divided

17

The percentage of people who split ticket has ____ over years

Decreased significantly

18

What system of election encourages a two-party system?

Plurality (single-member-district) system

19

Party identification among Hispanic registered voters is largely

Democratic

20

The Greenback party is an example of what kind of minor (third) party?

Single-issue parties

21

The Bull Moose party of 1912 is what kind of 3rd party?

Bull Moose Party

22

The Green Party of 2000 are an ex of what kind of 3rd party?

Ideological parties

23

The Reform party of 1992 is an example of a what kind of 3rd party?

Reform party

24

Primary elections/direct primary hinder what?

Strong party organizations

25

Where are 95% of party activists?

Local party organizations

26

State party organizations have a central committee, a chairperson, and concentrate on what?

Statewide races

27

What is the structure of the national parties?

National party organizations

28

What are some of the things that national party organizations do?

- run training programs for candidates and their staff
- runs presidential nomination conventions

29

What is the national party organization's major role in campaigns?

Raising and spending money

30

What are some examples of political consultants?

- campaign strategists
- pollsters
- media producers
- fundraising experts

31

When you highlight aspects of candidate's positions and background thought to be attractive to voters

Packaging

32

What is the main battleground of the air wars?

Advertising through media

33

What are the consequences of web wars?

- prospective voting
- retrospective voting

34

Most presidential campaign spending, about 59%, goes toward what?

Media

35

Which relationship is stronger:

- relationship between voters and representatives
- relationship between voters and representative institutions

The relationship between voters and representatives

36

Candidate centered campaigns increase this and decrease this

Increase flexibility
Decrease accountability