Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 8 Notes Deck (36):
What were the first 2 parties?
Federalists and Republicans?
Republicans transformed into
With Andrew Jackson and grassroots parties, it was dependent on what?
Since the Civil War, what has our party system looked like?
Enduring 2-party system with partisan realignments during crises
What are the 3 basic elements of realignment?
1. Divisive issues- disruption of existing political order
2. Election- voters shift support strongly to one party
3. Enduring change in party coalitions to favor dominant part
In the History of realignments, in the Civil War who gained control?
In 1896 what realignment happened?
Republicans solidified control
In 1932 what realignment happened?
Democrats gained control
- Dominant in what area?
Since 1968, this party has controlled the presidency twice more than the other party
Republicans controlled both houses of Congress a ___ of the time since 1968
1/3 of the time
Which presidential missteps weakened the power of the Republican party?
Nixon and George W. Bush
Where do the Democrats dominate?
What caused a loss of power in the south (movement)
civil rights stance
Since 1968 the democrats have been a ___ dominant party
What party do analysts think will have greater power going forward?
Analysts are divided
The percentage of people who split ticket has ____ over years
What system of election encourages a two-party system?
Plurality (single-member-district) system
Party identification among Hispanic registered voters is largely
The Greenback party is an example of what kind of minor (third) party?
The Bull Moose party of 1912 is what kind of 3rd party?
Bull Moose Party
The Green Party of 2000 are an ex of what kind of 3rd party?
The Reform party of 1992 is an example of a what kind of 3rd party?
Primary elections/direct primary hinder what?
Strong party organizations
Where are 95% of party activists?
Local party organizations
State party organizations have a central committee, a chairperson, and concentrate on what?
What is the structure of the national parties?
National party organizations
What are some of the things that national party organizations do?
- run training programs for candidates and their staff
- runs presidential nomination conventions
What is the national party organization's major role in campaigns?
Raising and spending money
What are some examples of political consultants?
- campaign strategists
- media producers
- fundraising experts
When you highlight aspects of candidate's positions and background thought to be attractive to voters
What is the main battleground of the air wars?
Advertising through media
What are the consequences of web wars?
- prospective voting
- retrospective voting
Most presidential campaign spending, about 59%, goes toward what?
Which relationship is stronger:
- relationship between voters and representatives
- relationship between voters and representative institutions
The relationship between voters and representatives