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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Vocab Deck (27):
1

A form of government in which those in power openly repress their opponents in order to stay in power

Authoritarian government

2

The recognized right of officials to exercise power as a result of the position they hold

Authority

3

The idea that there are lawful limits on the power of government

Constitutionalism

4

The power that corporations exercise in their effort to influence government and maintain control of the workplace

Corporate power

5

A form of government in which the people govern, either directly or through elected representatives

Democracy

6

The notion that wealthy and well connected individuals exercise power over certain areas of public policy

Elitism

7

The notion that all individuals are equal in their moral worth and are thereby entitled to equal treatment under the law

Equality

8

An economic system based on the idea that government should interfere with economic transactions as little as possible. Free enterprise and self-reliance are the collective and individual principles that underpin free markets

Free market system

9

The idea that people should take the initiative, be self-sufficient, and accumulate the material advantages necessary for their well-being

Individualism

10

The use of courts of law as a means by which individuals protect their rights and settle their conflicts

Legal action

11

The principle that individuals should be free to act and think as they choose, provided they do not infringe unreasonably on the rights and freedoms of others

Liberty

12

The idea that the majority prevails not only in elections but also in determining policy

Majoritarianism

13

The condition in which opinions and actions in response to political issues and situations divides substantially along political party lines

Party (partisan) polarization

14

A theory of American politics that holds that society's interests are substantially represented through the activities of groups

Pluralism

15

The characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people

Political culture

16

The systematic study of government and politics

Political science

17

Reflective thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be believed and then using this information to make political judgement

Political thinking

18

The process through which a society settles its conflicts

Politics

19

The ability of persons or institutions to control policy

Power

20

Decisions by government to pursue particular courses of action

Public policies

21

The principle that the people are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authorities; in practice, a government based on majority rule

Self- government

22

Controlled by a small group

Oligarchy

23

Controlled by an individual

Autocracy

24

What are the 5 overriding tendencies of the American political system?

1. Enduring cultural ideals
2. Fragmentation of governance based on checks and balances
3. Competition between diverse groups
4. Emphasis on individual rights and responsibilities
5. Economic and political decision making separate -> economic issues out of political control

25

What are the 6 core values of self-government?

1. Liberty
2. Equality
3. Popular consent
4. Individualism
5. Unity
6. Diversity

26

Americans are one people in an invisible union

Unity

27

Respect for individual and group difference leads to national strength

Diversity