Pt 2: Chapter 13 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 2: Chapter 13 Notes Deck (33):
1

What does EXOP stand for

Executive office of the president

2

What is the current size of the EXOP?

Almost 2,000 full-time employees

3

Where does the EXOP work?

White house east and west wings and the Old Executive Office Building

4

Largest office within President's immediate administration (non-deptartmental)

Office of Management and Budget

5

What is one important mechanism of the Executive branch under the OMB?

To oversee activities of federal agencies and departments

6

Most employees of the OMB are?

Career professionals. Provides continuity regardless of the President

7

Who is the word origin of the word bureaucracy?

Max Weber

8

The OMB is available to?

President and Congress

9

What did Max Weber believe about bureaucracy?

It was the best way to deal with large issues solved repeatably. Considered it to be a more rational and efficient form of organization than the alternatives

10

Who outlined 7 principles of an "ideal" bureaucracy?

Max Weber

11

What are the characteristics of bureaucracy?

- A well defined division of administrative labor among persons and offices
- standardized procedures
- specialized personnel
- a hierarchy among offices
- formal and informal networks

12

What are some of the things that the federal bureaucracy handles in americans' everyday lives?

- delivers mail
- maintains parks and forests
- social security
- utility power
- defense systems
- finances

13

What did the federal bureaucracy look like in the 1800s?

- Initially small- 3,000 employees
- Role confined:
-- defense
-- foreign affairs
-- currency
-- interstate commerce
-- delivery of mail

14

Dramatic growth in latter part of 1800s of the federal bureaucracy is response to what?

Economic growth

15

When was the biggest growth spurt of the federal bureaucracy? Why?

1930s
- Great Depression

16

What are the 5 types of federal agencies?

1. Cabinet department
2. Independent agencies
3. Regulatory agencies
4. Government corporations
5. Presidential commissions

17

These have a narrower area of responsibility and include the CIA, NASA, etc.

Independent agencies

18

These are permanent commissions like Civil Rights, and Fine Arts and temporary Bush's Commission to strengthen social security

Presidential commissions

19

How many civilian employees?

Federal employment

20

What criteria are most civilian employees hired at?

Merit criteria

21

Designed to improve the link between administration and the people

Patronage system

22

How is the patronage system abused?

Spoils system

23

This is based on neutral competence

Merit system

24

Small government goes with this system like growth in government goes with this system

Small govt = patronage
growth in govt = merit

25

How long is the budgetary process and who does it begin with?

Year and a half long, begins with presidential guidelines

26

Who develops a detailed budget to send to the president??

Agencies

27

After the agencies finish the budget, they send it to who to do what?

President who finalizes it with the OMB

28

Congress does what to the budget?

Alters it through appropriations and budget committees; full House and Senate vote

29

The president does what to the fixed bill sent by Congress?

Signs or vetoes

30

What is the administrative agencies' chief task?

Policy implementation
- wide discretion in some areas
- rule making
- originating policy ideas

31

What is the agency point of view?

It comes naturally to high-ranking civil servants and distorts government priorities. Your work is the MOST important thing in the federal government

32

What are the 3 sources of bureaucratic power?

1. Expertise
2. Clientele groups
3. Friends in high places

33

The concept of reinventing government includes what ideals?

- more flexible
- less hierarchical
- more decentralized
- consumer-oriented