Pt 3: Chapter 9 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 9 Vocab Deck (13):

Organized interests formed by individuals drawn together by opportunities to promote a cause in which they believe but that does not provide them significant individual economic benefits

Citizens' (noneconomic) groups


Benefits that are offered by groups (usually citizens groups) as an incentive for membership but that are non divisible ( such as a clean environment) and therefore are available to nonmembers as well as members of the particular group

Collective (public) goods


Interest groups that are organized primarily for economic reasons but that engage in political activity in order to seek favorable policies from government

Economic groups


The situation in which The benefits offered by a group to its members are also available to nonmembers. The incentive to join the group and to promote it's cause is reduced because nonmembers receive the benefits without having to pay any of the groups costs.

Free rider problem


Direct communication between organized interests and policy makers, which is based on the assumed value of close ("inside") contacts with policymakers

Inside lobbying


Any organization that actively seeks to influence public policy

Interest group


A small and informal but relatively stable group of well-positioned legislators, executives, and lobbyists who seek to promote policies beneficial to a particular interest

Iron triangle


An informal and relatively open network of public officials and lobbyists who come together in response to a proposed policy in an area of interest to them. Unlike an iron triangle, this disbands after the issue is resolved

Issue network


The process by which interest group members or lobbyists attempt to influence public policy through contacts with public officials



A form of lobbying in which an interest group seeks to use public pressure as a means of influencing officials

Outside lobbying


The organization through which an interest group raises and distributes funds for election purposes. By law, the funds must be raised through voluntary contributions

Political Action Committee (PAC)


Benefits that a group (most often an economic group) can grant directly and exclusively to individual members of the group

Private (individual) goods


Election committees that are unrestricted in their fund raising and spending as long as they do not coordinate their campaign efforts with that of a candidate

super PACs