Pt 2: Chapter 11 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 2: Chapter 11 Vocab Deck (37):
1

A legislature that has two chambers, (the House and the Senate)

Bicameral legislature

2

A proposed law within Congress or another legislature

Bill

3

A parliamentary maneuver that, if a 3/5 majority votes for it, limits Senate debate to 30 hours and has the effect of defeating a filibuster

Cloture

4

A temporary committee that is formed to bargain over the differences in the House and Senate versions of a bill. Members are usually appointed from the House and Senate standing committees that originally worked on the bill

Conference committee

5

The people residing within the geographical area represented by an elected offical

Constituency

6

A procedural tactic in the us senate whereby a minority of legislators prevents a bill from coming to vote by holding the floor and talking until the majority gives in and the bill is withdrawn from consideration

Fillibuster

***Leslie Knope***

7

The process by which the party in power draws election district boundaries in a way that enhances the reelection prospects of its candidates

Gerrymandering

8

The current holder of a particular public office

Incumbent

9

The policy area in which a particular congressional committee is authorized to act

Jurisdiction (of a congressional committee)

10

A legislative proposal, or bill, that is passed by both the house and the senate and is not vetoed by the president

Law (as enacted by Congress)

11

The authority (of a legislature) to make the laws necessary to carry out the government's powers

Lawmaking function

12

The congressional election that occurs midway through the president's term of office

Midterm election

13

An election in which there is no incumbent in the race

Open-seat election

14

A supervisory activity of Congress that centers on its constitutional responsibility to see that the executive carries out the laws faithfully

Oversight function

15

A group that consists of party's members in the House or Senate and that serves to elect the party's leadership, set policy goals, and plan party strategy

Party caucus

16

Members of the House and Senate who are chosen by the Dem or Rep caucus in each chamber to represent the party's interests in that chamber and who give some central direction to the chamber's work

Party leaders

17

The degree to which a party's House or Senate members act as a unified group to exert collective control over legislative action

Party unity

18

Spending whose tangible benefits are targeted at a particular legislature's constituency

Pork (pork-barrel spending)

19

The reallocation of House seats among states after each census as a result of population changes

Reappointment

20

The process of altering election districts in order to make them as nearly equal in population as possible. Redistricting takes place every ten years, after each population census

Redistricting

21

The responsibility of a legislature to represent various interests in society

Representative function

22

A member of Congress's consecutive years of service in a particular committee

Seniority

23

Use of personal staff by members of Congress to perform services for constituents in order to gain their support in future elections

Service strategy

24

Permanent congressional committees with responsibility for a particular area of public policy. An example is the senate foreign relations committee

Standing committee

25

The president's rejection of a bill, thereby keeping it from becoming law unless Congress overrides it

Veto

26

When the party members meet among themselves to select candidates.

Caucus

27

An election-type selection process, with general voters going to polling places for a secret ballet

Primary

28

Delegates chosen locally by each party meet in a central location and select a candidate

Convention

29

Whoever wins the most votes in the state, even if not a majority, gets all of the delegates

WTA

30

The state's delegates are divided up among the candidates, in proportion to their percentage of the vote

Proportional

31

What is a candidates goal?

To get a majority of delegates for the convention

32

Whos the House majority leader?

Kevin McCarthy

33

Whos the House majority whip?

Steve Scalise

34

Whos the Senate majority leader?

Mitch McConnell

35

President of the Senate?

VP Biden

36

Senate pro tempore?

Orin Hatch

37

Minority leader in the House?

Nancy Pelosi