Pt 3: Chapter 16 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 16 Notes Deck (30):
1

Annual cost of a thrifty food budget for an urban family of four, multiplied by three

The poverty line

2

What was the poverty line in 2014?

$24,000

3

Who generally fall beneath the poverty line?

- children ; single parent homes headed by women
- minority-group members
- rural and inner-city dwellers

4

How many people in the US live in poverty?

1 in 7

5

What country has the highest poverty rate and what is it?

United States; 23%

6

Many Americans believe poverty is what?

a choice

7

Most poor are in poverty as a result of what?

Circumstance

8

These are widely supported by the public, heavily funded, and seen as an earned entitlement

Social insurance programs

9

What are these examples of?
- social security
- unemployment insurance
- medicare

social insurance programs

10

These have less public support, receive less funding, and are seen as a hand-out

Public assistance programs

11

What are these examples of?
- Supplemental security income SSI
- TANF
- Head Start
- Earned income tax credit EITC

Public assistance programs

12

When did public assistance programs see a big expansion?

LBJ's term

13

Social insurance vs. public assistance, which one does society support?

Social insurance

14

What are food stamps and housing vouchers?

public assistance programs

15

What is Medicaid and SCHIP?

Public assistance programs

16

What is the 2010 Health Care Reform Act?

Public assistance program

17

How is the US's welfare system compared to the rest of the western world?

US has the most inefficient welfare system in the Western world

18

Where is inequity found in social security and medicare?

Many high-income earners receive benefits

19

What is the process to get into the welfare system?
1.
2.
3.
4.

1. Potential recipient goes to welfare office and fills out application form
2. welfare agency employees check form and interview applicant
3. applicant's eligibility for benefits is investigated and certified by agency employees
4. Applicants receive benefits

20

America has a heavy investment in public education for what goal?

Equality of opportunity

21

The cornerstone of the federal government's public-school efforts in federal grants-in-aid

1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act

22

This act of 1965 included pell grants and federal loans

1965 Higher Education Act

23

Although America spends very highly on education, how do we perform?

America's students not high performers relative to other advanced countries

24

Inequality of wealth in communities leads to

Better school outcomes in wealthy communties

25

Best predictor about how well you are going to do academically?

factors outside school system you are attending in. More about parents willingness to pursue opportunities for kids.

26

Within public education, which schools perform the best?

Wealthy communities

27

What country has the highest test scores?

Japan

28

Mandatory high-stakes testing came about with what?

No Child Left Behind

29

Race to the top is competition that rewards what?

Performance and innovation

30

The highest 20% income group has how much of all US income?

50%