Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 10 Notes Deck (36):
What was the early partisan press like?
- subsidized by political parties
The objective-journalism era was made up by what?
- helped by telegraph and rotary printing press
- yellow journalism
- radio, the new mass communication system
- the FCC and regulation
What were included with the FCC and regulation?
- the Communications Act
- Fairness doctrine
What was the agenda of newspapers?
No genuine interest in making citizens well informed, all for a political agenda and part of partisan natural. Papers set up only to counter other sides of political issues
The early partisan press included who paying for the papers?
People who wanted to push their own agenda
Objective-journalism era came about as a result of economics, companies selling stuff, because if the people believe what then what happens?
If the people believe that the publication is giving them good and accurate info representative of the world around them, advertisements call sell sell sell. Instead of making money pushing agendas, they made money from selling advertisements
In the objective-journalism era, the more the papers were viewed as ? the more profitable they were
What is the primary purpose of a newspaper? A news-broadcast?
To maximize the number of people consuming the paper or view the broadcast
The rise of the "new" news came with the end of what?
The Fairness Doctrine
- Founded by Ted Turner in 1980
- Chose to pursue a path of partisan neutrality
-Chose a partisan (conservative format)
- Liberal format
Internet news/blogs have what format?
Without this, radio programmers were free to move to a politically partisan format
the Fairness Doctrine
- Low-cost entry compared with other mass media
- some "new" news outlets a stunning success
- The Drudge Report, Daily Kos, etc
Emergence of the internet
What are the 4 basic functions of journalism and politics?
1. the signaling function
2. the common-carrier function
3. the watchdog function
4. the partisan function
- alert the public to important developments
- US media well-equipped to play this role
the signaling function
The signaling function is performed by what kind of media?
the traditional media
- wire services
- daily newspapers
- TV networks
- BREAKING NEWS
- Agenda setting of US media results in similarity in national news everywhere
The signaling function
News media is meant to inform the public but it also needs to do what?
Attract and audience
- signal the American people the things they think they will care about
- conduit for political communication
- creates a common message and American people are made aware of important messages when they come about
The common-carrier function
TV news has become more centered on what?
The way that events are cast
Topics in TV news often distilled to the what?
The length of soundbites have gone from 40 sec in 1968 to how many in 2012?
Around 8 seconds
- objective journalism is always watching
The watchdog function
Internet has expanded the watchdog capacity of media to the point that?
More faith that things will be caught today than ever before. Confident that corrupt politicians will be exposed and caught
- the political entities are both trying to employ the news mediums to their advantage
the partisan function
The partisan function: each of these leans to what side?
- traditional media?
- talk shows?
- the internet?
- traditional media: mostly neutral
- talk shows: mostly conservative
- the internet: mostly liberal
News organizations emerge directly because of this, and become more ? as they age because of economic interests
News organizations emerge directly because of partisan interests, become more non-partisan and neutral as they age because of economic interests
Until the 1980s Americans had ___ TV networks
When America only had 3 TV networks, how big were the audiences and what were they exposed to?
- huge audiences - newscasts varied only slightly
- viewers exposed to the views of both political parties
When the Fairness Doctrine ended and cable TV and internet emerged, what happened?
More information available in the world than ever, BUT people are less informed today than 30 to 40 years ago
What is the best newspaper for objective journalism?
The New York Times
Younger people are ___ informed than older people about political affairs