Pt 3: Chapter 10 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 10 Notes Deck (36):
1

What was the early partisan press like?

- subsidized by political parties

2

The objective-journalism era was made up by what?

- helped by telegraph and rotary printing press
- yellow journalism
- radio, the new mass communication system
- the FCC and regulation

3

What were included with the FCC and regulation?

- the Communications Act
- Fairness doctrine

4

What was the agenda of newspapers?

No genuine interest in making citizens well informed, all for a political agenda and part of partisan natural. Papers set up only to counter other sides of political issues

5

The early partisan press included who paying for the papers?

People who wanted to push their own agenda

6

Objective-journalism era came about as a result of economics, companies selling stuff, because if the people believe what then what happens?

If the people believe that the publication is giving them good and accurate info representative of the world around them, advertisements call sell sell sell. Instead of making money pushing agendas, they made money from selling advertisements

7

In the objective-journalism era, the more the papers were viewed as ? the more profitable they were

Independent

8

What is the primary purpose of a newspaper? A news-broadcast?

To maximize the number of people consuming the paper or view the broadcast

9

The rise of the "new" news came with the end of what?

The Fairness Doctrine

10

Cable news
- Founded by Ted Turner in 1980
- Chose to pursue a path of partisan neutrality

CNN

11

Cable news
-Chose a partisan (conservative format)

Fox News

12

Cable news
- Liberal format

MSNBC

13

Internet news/blogs have what format?

Liberal

14

Without this, radio programmers were free to move to a politically partisan format

the Fairness Doctrine

15

- Low-cost entry compared with other mass media
- some "new" news outlets a stunning success
- The Drudge Report, Daily Kos, etc

Emergence of the internet

16

What are the 4 basic functions of journalism and politics?

1. the signaling function
2. the common-carrier function
3. the watchdog function
4. the partisan function

17

Function:
- alert the public to important developments
- US media well-equipped to play this role

the signaling function

18

The signaling function is performed by what kind of media?

the traditional media
- wire services
- daily newspapers
- TV networks

19

Function:
- BREAKING NEWS
- Agenda setting of US media results in similarity in national news everywhere

The signaling function

20

News media is meant to inform the public but it also needs to do what?

Attract and audience
- signal the American people the things they think they will care about

21

Function:
- conduit for political communication
- creates a common message and American people are made aware of important messages when they come about

The common-carrier function

22

TV news has become more centered on what?

Journalism centered

23

The way that events are cast

framing

24

Topics in TV news often distilled to the what?

sound bite

25

The length of soundbites have gone from 40 sec in 1968 to how many in 2012?

Around 8 seconds

26

Function:
- objective journalism is always watching

The watchdog function

27

Internet has expanded the watchdog capacity of media to the point that?

More faith that things will be caught today than ever before. Confident that corrupt politicians will be exposed and caught

28

Function:
- the political entities are both trying to employ the news mediums to their advantage

the partisan function

29

The partisan function: each of these leans to what side?
- traditional media?
- talk shows?
- the internet?

- traditional media: mostly neutral
- talk shows: mostly conservative
- the internet: mostly liberal

30

News organizations emerge directly because of this, and become more ? as they age because of economic interests

News organizations emerge directly because of partisan interests, become more non-partisan and neutral as they age because of economic interests

31

Until the 1980s Americans had ___ TV networks

3

32

When America only had 3 TV networks, how big were the audiences and what were they exposed to?

- huge audiences - newscasts varied only slightly
- viewers exposed to the views of both political parties

33

When the Fairness Doctrine ended and cable TV and internet emerged, what happened?

More information available in the world than ever, BUT people are less informed today than 30 to 40 years ago

34

What is the best newspaper for objective journalism?

The New York Times

35

Younger people are ___ informed than older people about political affairs

less

36

Fragmented news sources have led to what among audiences?

partisan polarization