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Flashcards in FINAL Exam Study Guide (shortened) Deck (60)
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1

6. Party identification refers to?
a. the percent of polled people claiming membership to a certain party
b. formal membership to a party
c. emotional attachment to a party
d. a political party's platform- the stance on issues that define its beliefs
e. ability of citizens to identify major issue positions of the major political parties

C. an emotional attachment to a political party

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9. Currently, the greatest percentage of Americans identify as what party?

Independents

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15. Which of the following ideological types favor government activism in the economic realm?
a. liberals and populists
b. populists and libertarians
c. conservatives and liberals
d. populists and conservatives
e. liberals and libertarians

a. liberals and populists

4

16. Libertarians are opposed to governmental intervention
a. in both the economic and social spheres
b. in the economic but not the social sphere
c. in the social sphere, but not the economic sphere
d. in neither the social nor the economic spheres
e. only with regard to affirmative action

a. in both the economic and social spheres

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18. A person who favors government intervention in both social and economic affairs is a(n)
a. libertarian
b. liberal
c. populist
d. social conservative
e. economic conservative

c. populist

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20. Which of the following groups in the US shows a higher level of support for collective bargaining?
a. workers in the service sector
b. factory workers
c. small farmers
d. white-collar workers
e. workers in the skilled crafts

b. factory workers

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29. Harvard's Robert Putnam argues in his book Bowling Alone that
a. the increase in frequency of elections in the United States has increased the level of general voter apathy.
b. community participation among young adults has risen in the past two decades because of new media technologies like Internet activism.
c. voter apathy is only going to increase as long as we maintain a two-party system.
d. a proportional representation system in the legislature would increase voter turnout.
e. America has been undergoing a long-term decline in its social capital

e. America has been undergoing a long-term decline in its social capital

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6. The first American political parties emerged from the conflict between
a. slave states and free states
b. the older eastern states and the newer western states
c. small farmers and states' rights advocates, and those favoring commercial and wealthy interests
d. business and labor
e. Protestants and Catholics

c. small farmers and states' rights advocates, and those favoring commercial and wealthy interests

9

7. Andrew Jackson's contribution to the development of political parties was the
a. forgoing of a coalition of Democrats and Whigs
b. introduction of primary elections
c. formation of a new type of grassroots party organization
d. formation of the Federalist party
e. formation of the Republican party

c. formation of a new type of grassroots party organizations

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8. The issue of slavery gave birth to the ________ party as a major political party.
A. Federalist
B. Democratic
C. Republican
D. Whig
E. Populist

C. Republican

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10. (p. 238) All of the following are characteristic of a party realignment EXCEPT
A. sharp divisions between the parties.
B. enduring changes in party coalitions.
C. major policy initiatives by the winning party.
D. a very close electoral result.
E. the disruption of the existing political order.

D. a very close electoral result.

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11. (p. 240) The MOST obvious sign of the party realignment of recent decades has been the strong tendency of
A. the South to vote Republican.
B. the Plains states to vote Republican.
C. the West coast to vote Democrat.
D. Colorado to vote Democrat.
E. the Midwest to vote Democrat.

A. the South to vote Republican

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14. (p. 243) Party dealignment is
A. essentially the same as party realignment.
B. a process that has discouraged the formation of third parties.
C. a process that has strengthened the major parties.
D. a process that refers to American political parties in the early 1800s.
E. None of these answers is correct.

E. None of these answers are correct

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20. (p. 247) Which of the following MOST encourages the two major parties to build broad coalitions?
A. the need to raise campaign funds
B. the need to have policy "wiggle-room" once elected into power
C. the desire to avoid their policy preferences becoming hijacked by extreme elements
D. fear of demonization by the press
E. the two-party system and the need to gain a plurality

E. the two-party system and the need to gain a plurality

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23. (p. 249) Which of the following groups is NOT typically a part of the Democratic coalition?
A. city dwellers
B. Hispanics
C. union members
D. Jews
E. fundamentalist Christians

E. fundamentalist Christians

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26. (p. 250) Which of the following is an example of a single-issue party?
A. Populists
B. Green Party
C. Socialist Workers Party
D. Libertarian Party
E. Greenback Party

E. Greenback Party

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27. (p. 251) In twentieth-century American history, the most important minor parties were ________ parties.
A. ideological
B. single-issue
C. factional
D. reform
E. non-aligned

C. factional

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29. (p. 252) During the twentieth century, American parties lost their complete control over
A. nominations.
B. financing.
C. platforms.
D. the staffing of government jobs.
E. All of these answers are correct.

E. All of these answers are correct

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33. (p. 258) American party organizations
A. are about to die out.
B. are more powerful today than at any time in history.
C. have more power than their Western European counterparts.
D. are still important, but their role in campaigns is secondary to that of candidates.
E. are unimportant in the political system today.

D. are still important, but their role in campaigns is secondary to that of candidates.

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2. (p. 269) Another name for an interest group is
A. pressure group.
B. cabal.
C. political party.
D. coalition.
E. constituency.

A. pressure group

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5. (p. 270) Some groups pursue collective goods. A collective good is one that
A. cannot be selectively granted or denied to individuals; it must be shared.
B. is provided by a public service organization.
C. is secured by the president.
D. is secured by Congress.
E. None of these answers is correct.

A. cannot be selectively granted or denied to individuals; it must be shared

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7. (p. 273) Roughly how many American workers currently belong to unions?
A. one in two
B. one in four
C. one in six
D. one in eight
E. one in ten

D. one in eight

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8. (p. 274) A purposive incentive is defined as
A. a goal of direct economic gain.
B. the opportunity to contribute to a worthy goal or purpose.
C. a goal benefiting a specific group.
D. any common purpose that brings groups together.
E. corporate profit.

B. the opportunity to contribute to a worthy goal or purpose

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19. (p. 286) In the dynamics of an iron triangle, what benefit do interest groups provide to friendly bureaucratic agencies?
A. services for constituents
B. travel funds
C. campaign contributions
D. administration of mutually beneficial policies
E. lobbying support for agency programs

E. lobbying support for agency programs

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27. (p. 289) The second-largest number of PACs are those associated with
A. single-issue groups, such as environmental groups and right-to-life groups.
B. labor.
C. business.
D. agriculture.
E. foreign governments.

A. single-issue groups, such as environmental groups and right-to-life groups

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26. (p. 289) The largest number of PACs are those associated with
A. single-issue groups, such as environmental groups and right-to-life groups.
B. labor.
C. business.
D. agriculture.
E. foreign governments.

C. business

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32. (p. 291) In the 2012 presidential election, super PACs spent about ___ million dollars.
A. 27
B. 94
C. 150
D. 320
E. 600

E. 600

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35. (p. 293) A flaw in pluralism theory is the fact that
A. the interest group system is unrepresentative because some interests are far better organized and more powerful than others.
B. the public interest is never served by policies that promote special interests.
C. larger groups always prevail politically over smaller groups.
D. political parties better represent different interests than do interest groups.
E. All of these answers are correct.

A. the interest group system is unrepresentative because some interests are far better organized and more powerful than others.

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36. (p. 294) In acknowledging the dilemma inherent in group activity, James Madison
A. argued that the free-rider problem would hurt some groups more than others.
B. claimed that government could listen to all groups, but should only enact policies that promote the interests of majority groups.
C. worried that government would be overly dominated by groups, but recognized that a free society is obliged to permit the advocacy of self-interest.
D. argued that government must restrict the activities of groups, so that political parties could act as the major instrument of democracy.
E. All of these answers are correct.

C. worried that government would be overly dominated by groups, but recognized that a free society is obliged to permit the advocacy of self-interest.

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37. (p. 294) James Madison argued
A. against all interest groups.
B. for the advocacy of self-interest free from all systems of restraint.
C. for regulation of interests through a governing system of checks and balances.
D. for the replacement of interest groups by formal political parties.
E. for a powerful judiciary.

C. for regulation of interests through a governing system of checks and balances