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Flashcards in Emotions Deck (68)
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1

Damage causes inability to plan and organize, leading to poor decision making (impulsive)

PFC

2

May impact muscle tone in lower face on one side

Hemispheric stroke

3

Is implicit or explicit deception detection better?

Implicit

4

What two pathways control facial expression?

Voluntary and spontaneous/involuntary

5

Contributes to social behavior. Damage may be implicated in sociopathy

Anterior cingulate cortex

6

What do patients with amygdala problems show that many autism patients show?

Difficulty figuring out emotions from facial expressions. Focus their eyes on the nose and not between eyes

7

Contains benzodiazepine (GABA) receptors (anxiolytics)

Amygdala

8

What cant Parkinsons patients show very well and why?

Joy. They have damage to their basal ganglia which impairs the spontaneous pathway of expression

9

More active brain areas during truth

Inferior parietal lobe

10

James-lange theory pathway

Thalamus to limbic system to bodily reaction to cortex

11

Examples of universality of emotions

Major expressions same across diverse cultures. Stranger anxiety at same age (9 months). Blind infants and sighted infants exhibit emotional expressions at the same time (2 months)

12

Receives only contralateral input

Lower 2/3 of face

13

Damage here produces emotional disturbance

Frontal lobe

14

How are specific emotions located in the brain?

Widespread areas of the brain are associated with specific emotions

15

What are the 2 continuum's emotion lies on?

Valence and arousal

16

Physiological arousal contributes to emotions intensity, while identity of emotion is based on cognitive appraisal

Schachter-Singer Two Factor theory of emotion

17

Measure of sweat gland activation, sympathetic nervous system activity

Skin-condunctance response

18

More active brain areas during lies

Inferior and medial frontal gyrus

19

Associated with disgust and pain

Insula

20

High activity in people with anxiety disorders

Anterior cingulate cortex

21

This hemisphere plays a greater role in expression and perception of emotion

Right

22

What does Yerkes-Dodson law say?

There is an optimal level of arousal that leads to the greatest performance. Like music being used to hype up or calm down before a game to hit that level

23

When is the amygdala more active?

When viewing facial expressions of fear

24

Action before emotion. Our emotional reaction is determined by our interpretation of the physical response

James-Lange theory

25

Lesion of amygdala

Difficulty identifying fear and anger

26

Damage to these causes individuals to not respond emotionally to poor choices. No regret for poor choice

Orbitofrontal and ventromedial cortexes in the PFC

27

Positive or negative emotions. Good and want more or bad and want less

Valence

28

Kluver-bucy syndrome that affects this area causing reduced fear

Amygdala

29

What improves the ability to detect deceit?

Feeling threatened. High stakes.

30

How does music influence arousal?

Music can be used to hype up or calm down in order to reach optimum arousal