Hormones and Sexual Behavior Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hormones and Sexual Behavior Deck (141)
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1

When is there more sexual interest in women

Around ovulation

2

What does 5-alpha reductase do?

Converts testosterone to 5-alpha dihydrotestosterone

3

What activates sexual behavior in women?

Maybe testosterone but no other species exhibits that. Need more research on ovarian hormones (estrogen)

4

Characteristics of kleinfelter syndrome

Tall stature, some female secondary sex characteristics such as wide hips and breast growth. Show signs of a female puberty

5

When are females more accurately able to guess male sexual orientation?

Close to ovulation

6

How do hormones and sex differences play a role in health?

Many psychological disorders affect males and females at different rates

7

When does puberty really start?

When gonadotropins are first released in large amounts

8

Turner Syndrome

Sex monosomie. 45 X0

9

Stable pattern of attraction to members of a particular sex that isn't the same as sexual behavior or fantasy and isn't purely dichotomous

Sexual orientation

10

What does insulin do and where is it produced?

Blood glucose produced in pancreas

11

What do estrogens do and where are they produced

Breast development and menarche in females produced in ovaries and testes and adrenal glands

12

Blood levels of LH and FSH pituitary hormones during human menstrual cycle

Higher LH than FSH

13

What do OAEs presumably indicate?

The influence of prenatal testosterone levels

14

Three steps of puberty

1.) Hypothalamus releases gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to pituitary glad
2.) Pituitary gland releases gonadotropins
3.) Secretion of sex hormones from the glands

15

Gonads in AIS and 5ARD

Neither in AIS and undescended testes in 5ARD

16

What happens at puberty

Sexual maturation and the development of secondary sex characteristics

17

Premenstrual mood changes are usually severe affecting cognition and daily life

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

18

New mothers experience feelings of depression due to rapidly changing hormonal environment

Postpartum depression (and anxiety and psychosis)

19

What does progesterone do and where is it produced

Preparation of uterus for implantation of fertilized egg produced in ovaries and testes and adrenal glands

20

What causes androgen insensitivity syndrome?

Abnormal androgen receptors disrupt normal development of the Wolffian system, though testosterone and anti-mullerian hormone are released in normal manner. Non-functional androgen receptors

21

What do testosterone levels correlate with?

Activation during spatial tasks

22

Female sexual interest stability

Not as stable as men

23

What do all sex hormones come from?

Cholesterol

24

What do androgens do and where are they produced

male secondary sex characteristics, sexual arousal in males and females and produced in testes as well as ovaries and adrenal glands

25

Phenotype of turner syndrome

Female

26

What does every fetus have at 6 weeks?

Both a wollfian and mullerian duct

27

A type of hormone that causes a defeminizing effect that prevents the mullerian system from developing

Anti-mullerian hormone

28

External genitalia of turner syndrome

typical

29

Females preferences of males for casual sexual encounters and long term partners

Masculine men for casual and less masculine men for long term

30

What do estradiol levels correlate with?

Activation in language centers