Flashcards in Lecture 29-Animal Behavior Deck (41)
Behavior is the sum of responses to what?
External and internal stimuli
Behavior is both __________ and __________ activities.
Study of ecological and evolutionary basis for animal behavior.
Who thought of the four questions in behavioral ecology?
A sequence of unlearned acts directly linked to a simple stimulus; unchangeable; once initiated, usually carried to completion.
Fixed action patterns
A change in activity of turning rate in response to a stimulus.
An oriented movement toward (positive) or away from (negative) a stimulus.
Circadian clock, circannual rhythms, lunar cycle.
A stimulus transmitted from one animal to another.
Transmission and reception of signals.
Typically males generating stimulus that guides the behavior of females.
What is the Proximate Question on Mechanism?
What stimulus elicits the behavior, and what physiological mechanisms mediate the response?
Modification of behavior based on specific experiences.
A loss of responsiveness to stimuli that convey little or no new information (getting used to stimuli).
Formation of a specific stage in life of a long-lasting behavioral response to a particular individual or object (stimuli get stuck for life).
A limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned; irreversible.
What is another term for the sensitive period?
Establishment of a memory that reflects the environment's spatial structure.
The ability to associate one environmental feature with another.
2 types of associate learning:
Classical conditioning and operating conditioning
Trial and error learning.
Arbitrary stimulus becomes associated with a particular outcome (dog salivating when it hears a bell ring).
Examples of operant conditioning:
Blue jay and a toxic caterpillar
Process of knowing represented by awareness, reasoning, recollection, and judgement.
Cognition can be established from:
Problem solving and learning from others
Both genetic makeup (or __________) and environmental conditions (or __________) contribute to the development of behaviors.
Young of one species are placed in the care of adults from another species in what kind if study?
Studies the behavior of identical twins raised apart.
What is the Question of Ontogeny?
How does the animal's experience during growth and development influence the response?