Flashcards in Lecture 9-Protista Deck (44):
__________ are all eukaryotes that are not fungi, plants, or animals.
Protists are in the __________ group.
Protists are usually __________ and __________.
__________ are nutritionally diverse.
Protists reproduce through __________ and __________ reproduction.
Sexual, asexual (meiosis and mitosis)
__________ have membrane organelles and a nucleus.
Protista range in size from _________ to __________.
Original endosymbiotic events lead to the evolution of eukaryotes from prokaryotes, creating the __________.
Subsequent endosymbiotic events occurred that give rise to other organelles like __________.
Eukaryotic heterotroph engulfs photosynthetic cyanobacterium. Bacterium membranes are lost, organelles form:
This lineage gives rise to the red and green algae.
In both red and green algae lineages, multiple independent endosymbiotic events occur in:
The five eukaryotic supergroups are:
Excavata, Chromalveolata, Rhizaria, Archaeplastida, and Unikonta
This supergroup has highly modified mitochondria, multiple flagella, and 'excavated' feeding groove.
This supergroup can cause numerous human diseases such as Chagas disease, sleeping sickness, non-bacterial gastroenteritis, and STD's that increase HIV susceptibility.
This supergroup is derived from secondary endosymbiosis of red algae.
__________ are the main component of plankton.
Dinoflagellates are in the __________ supergroup.
__________ cause red tides, some of which produce harmful neurotoxins or deplete oxygen levels in water.
__________ is loss of zoothanthellae.
When temperature _____, it causes coral bleaching.
__________ are bioluminescent.
The supergroup __________ can cause human diseases such as malaria.
Malaria is caused by __________, in the Chromalveolata supergroup.
__________ contribute to almost 45% of ocean primary productivity, providing vast amounts of energy and oxygen.
Diatoms are in the __________ supergroup.
The supergroup __________ are amoeba-like with threadlike pseudopodia.
The supergroup __________ are made up of parasites of plants and animals and make excellent index fossils.
The supergroup __________'s main groups include red algae, green algae, and land plants.
The supergroup __________ helps with reef formation and are edible.
The supergroup __________ is made up of amoebazoans with tube-like pseudopodia.
The supergroup __________ can cause diseases such as amoebic dysentery and brain-eating amoeba.
__________ are usually photosynthetic.
__________ leads to high protist diversity.
__________ are pathogenic protists needing more than one host; causes Chagas.
__________ is the most common pathogenic protist infection in industrialized countries; increases HIV susceptibility.
When there isn't enough information to resolve a node in a phylogeny, it's called a:
__________ is the most common intestinal parasite and the leading cause of non-bacterial gastroenteritis.
__________ are photosynthetic algae contained in silica "shells".
Largest, most complex type of algae.
Represents true algae.
This type of algae photosynthesizes at great depths. It is important in reef formation. (Secretes carbonate)
Another term for silica shells.