Flashcards in Lecture 9-Protista Deck (44)
__________ are all eukaryotes that are not fungi, plants, or animals.
Protists are in the __________ group.
Protists are usually __________ and __________.
__________ are nutritionally diverse.
Protists reproduce through __________ and __________ reproduction.
Sexual, asexual (meiosis and mitosis)
__________ have membrane organelles and a nucleus.
Protista range in size from _________ to __________.
Original endosymbiotic events lead to the evolution of eukaryotes from prokaryotes, creating the __________.
Subsequent endosymbiotic events occurred that give rise to other organelles like __________.
Eukaryotic heterotroph engulfs photosynthetic cyanobacterium. Bacterium membranes are lost, organelles form:
This lineage gives rise to the red and green algae.
In both red and green algae lineages, multiple independent endosymbiotic events occur in:
The five eukaryotic supergroups are:
Excavata, Chromalveolata, Rhizaria, Archaeplastida, and Unikonta
This supergroup has highly modified mitochondria, multiple flagella, and 'excavated' feeding groove.
This supergroup can cause numerous human diseases such as Chagas disease, sleeping sickness, non-bacterial gastroenteritis, and STD's that increase HIV susceptibility.
This supergroup is derived from secondary endosymbiosis of red algae.
__________ are the main component of plankton.
Dinoflagellates are in the __________ supergroup.
__________ cause red tides, some of which produce harmful neurotoxins or deplete oxygen levels in water.
__________ is loss of zoothanthellae.
When temperature _____, it causes coral bleaching.
__________ are bioluminescent.
The supergroup __________ can cause human diseases such as malaria.
Malaria is caused by __________, in the Chromalveolata supergroup.
__________ contribute to almost 45% of ocean primary productivity, providing vast amounts of energy and oxygen.
Diatoms are in the __________ supergroup.
The supergroup __________ are amoeba-like with threadlike pseudopodia.
The supergroup __________ are made up of parasites of plants and animals and make excellent index fossils.
The supergroup __________'s main groups include red algae, green algae, and land plants.