Flashcards in NEW FFP MD April 2014 Deck (100):
Fire on 2 floors ?
Extra engine & truck. If progress is not made on at least one floor in a short period of time -- 2nd alarm. Extending to exposure 2nd alarm
-prevent fire extending past trench
-extinguish fire that cannot be reached from below, such as fire in cornice
Absence of front f/e in OLT usually indicate?
Railroad flats. Unless corner bld
Cellar fire: first line OLT?
To cellar entrance door inside the bld, under the interior stair on first floor. Remain there - should not be advanced into cellar unless there is no outside entrance or fire in minor
Cellar fire: OLT. 2nd line?
Front or rear entrance
Store fires: OLT. A 2 1/2" shall be stretched for large volume fires & second line stretched to ?
2nd line OLT store fire -- entrance hallway
OLT: stairway fires. Preferred ladder for weakened stairs ?
Extension preferred. Shorter nested length allows for easier maneuverability & positioning, while adjusted length should insure proper coverage of entire span.
For fires in rooms in vicinity of the shaft, after fire in the room has been __,the line should bd operated into the shaft in order to __ the shaft fire before continuing through the apt for knockdown & final extinguishment?
Collapse in OLT usually not a problem?
True. Because of short span of floor beams (25')
Indications of possible collapse?
-plaster ceiling falling
-floors or ceiling sagging
-usual creaking noises
Bld in rear are usually not as seriously exposed because they are anywhere from __' to __' or more away from OLT. Extension must be kept in mind if there is ?
10' to 25'.
-heavy fire in the rear
-windows in exposed are open
-wind blowing in direction of exposed buildings
-occupants has access to both means of egress (stairs & f/e) w/o going thru another persons room
-sprinkler each room & stairway;no roof tank. Supplied from water main in the street. Cannot be supplied by FD.
-interior alarm system/exit lights & signs must be provided
Rear tenements: small in area. Frame or Nfp. Range from __ to __ stories?
2 to 5 stories. 10' to 25' from front bld
NLT: h-type. Generally living units are in the __ line of the letter "H"?
The introduction of steel into the "H" type design had the following advantages:
-allowed girders to support floors instead of costly bearing wall of brick
-consistency of steel structural characteristics allowed a fairly exact moment of failure to be determined thereby eliminating costly overbuilding reqd by use of safety factors when using less predictable materials such as masonry/wood
-ability of steel to be connected permitted coupling of several bld to form H design
H: most common roof?
Top floor ceiling several feet below the main roof beams. Roof boards directly to top of roof beams. Sturdy roof.
Springy roof h-type - get off roof inmediately?
___ stairs are a tremendous asset in heavy fire operations on the top floor?
Main concern channel rails?
They are not fire stopped. These vertical voids, about one square foot.
Fire showing in the throat, courtyard & front windows, and TL stream is being used, it should be directed at the __first?
Windows in throat first
H-type: Primary means for getting to the roof would be?
Winged or isolated stairs in the same bld or any stairway in an adjoining bld.
Two floors of fire or extensive cockloft fire?
Medium fire condition ?
Extra engine & truck
H-type: Standing in front of fire bld & beginning at extreme left that will be __ wing?
1st officer on fire floor shall transmit to IC?
-Difficulty/delays door- advancing line
-number of apts
H-type: store fires - 1st & 2nd line?
1st into store; 2nd b/u first. When first can control store, the second floor above.
H-type: When its obvious that first line can __ the store fire, the second should be advanced to floor above?
H-type: store fire - 2nd ladder?
H-type: cellar fire. Fireproof construction throughout the cellar. Cellar ceiling concrete rated for two hour fire resistance?
Cutting roof - size ?
3' x 6'
Trenching is a __ operation?
Defensive - to limit spread of fire in cockloft. A trench may be cut but should not be opened until there is an adequate vent directly over the fire.
Trench cut at least __ wide?
Trench cut at least 3' wide. Defensive. Not pulled until vent hole directly over fire. Cut wall to wall or other suitable fire stop such as stair or elevator bulkhead?
Trench about __ from initial vent hole?
20' -- cut in narrowest section. Do not depend on firewalls.
A charged line should be in position on the roof to protect personnel & trench opening. This line may be operated into the trench in a ?
Brief, sweeping, side to side motion to prevent fire from extending across trench
A fire escape in the throat often spans the firewall & indicates two separate apartments in the throat?
HRFPMD - 75' or more in height?
The most prominent variables that affect smoke movement are ?
The stack effect is influenced by ?
-height of bld
-temperature diff inside/outside
-air leakage to other floors
Horizontal vent of fire apt is limited & controlled by __ in hrfpmd?
Ladder officer in apt
HRFPMD: windows in public hall & stairways on fire floor shall not be vented without approval of ___?
Stairways other then ___ stair may bd used to vent fire floor?
Other then evacuation stair
Vertical vent in HRFPMD by ?
Elevators: stairs should be used when?
7th floor & below use stairs. 8 & up elevator
HRFPMD: the 1st ladder should shall recall elevators for fire on any floor?
True. 1st ladder Recall if used or not
HRFPMD: who ensures elevators are recalled & searched?
Each member & their equipment to be greater then 275lbs?
Elevators: eng & ladder arrive together - no fire service. Who goes on elevator ?
Eng off, noz, ctl & lad off, f/e team. With fire service ov operates car & leaving one engine FF
OV involved in outside operations & fire above 7th floor. Who operates elevator?
Member from 2nd truck and/or designated by IC
After all units in position and two elevators are available, maintain them where?
1 - 2 floors below fire floor & another in lobby
Service/freight elevator cannot be used until ?
Declared safe by Co Officer.
***standpipes are usually found in service stairway
10-77. High rise bld 75' or more
-wind impacted fire conditions
-advanced fire on arrival
-heavy smoke on numerous floors
-numerous rpts of persons in difficulty due to smoke
HRFPMD: fire visible from exterior upon arrival ?
Internal conditions cannot be accurately determined on arrival ?
Fast unit & cfrd shall be assigned ?
Above 6th floor Fire sector. Fast unit brings elevator keys
Who selects attack stairs in hrfpmd?
E & L
Attack stair need standpipe in hrfpmd?
F. Does not. HRO it is required
HRFPMD: officer & ctl of 2nd engine should relieve the 1st ctl ff at hose outlet - ensure adequate pressure to the nozzle?
True. 1st ctl ensures proper hook up to hose outlet.
HRFPMD: bulkhead vented when?
Direction of IC after fire is controlled
3rd ctl will remain at outlet ?
HRFPMD: 2nd line can go to floor above?
Who brings HR nozzle?
4th engine. E80N not E80H. They will either use the 2nd line in place or stretch their own line.
E80N: bring nozzle to?
ICP. Then when ordered bring it to floor below the fire for quick deployment.
Cfrd unit HRFPMD?
Rpt to ICP with Fast unit. Bring F/E tools. Fast unit - elevator keys
Who is responsible to control the attack & evacuation stairs on fire floor?
if unable to determine conditions in public hallway. F/E team enters hallway to locate the fire apt & control door?
F. Officer & 1 member. Other member of interior team will remain at attack stairwell door on the hallway side of door. Engine officer controls stairwell side of door.
HRFPMD: OV. Tools Halligan, hook or axe. No outside ops. Then ?
If f/s put car into f/s. No f/s join inside team.
HRFPMD: roof tools ?
Halligan - KO - hydra ram. Take attack stairs to floor above
HRFPMD: no outside ops, wcd, lsr. 2nd lcc?
Team up with 1st Lcc & proceed to roof
Bulkheads of elevator machinery rooms shall not be used ventilation purposes until fire is __?
HRFPMD: who ensures all evacuation stair doors are closed on fire floor?
HRFPMD: 2nd ladder searches public hallway. What are two reasons to force adjacent apts?
High heat & smoke conditions OR high CO
After searching public hallway - 2nd ladder?
Attack stairs for 5 floors
Who coordinates WCD?
2nd ladder co
2nd roof tools?
Halligan, maul, LSR. 1st & 3rd KO
2nd LCC: no outside ops?
Team up with 1st Lcc & head to roof. Outside ops team up with 2nd Ov
3rd ladder rpt to ?
On a 10-77 which unit is vent support group?
Priority order for the use of PPF:
3. Venting public hallways for smoke & CO control
The vent support group will inform the IC of the recommended placement of PPV fans based on ?
1. # of fans & personnel available
2. Location of fire floor
3. Number of floors in the bld
4. Stage of FF operations
**IC authorizes pressurization
2008 Bld code requires 1 way voice communication from fire command center to all stairways & dwellings for all new R-2 bld greater than 125'. Should be entered into Cids...
Who confirms the fire floor evacuation stair doors is/are being maintained in the closed position ?
Initiated by 1st/2nd ladder Confirmed by 3rd ladder
HRFPMD: supplying siamese. A no flow registered on flow meter indicates a valve is closed in the system(riser control valve). A high flow reading indicates ?
A pipe may have fractured or other other outlet valves are open in riser?
LW hose: 2" lead length with __" MST?
LRFPMD: vary in height generally ?
Usually not equipped with standpipe?
IC approves roof venting. When ordered its done by?
1st& 2nd roofmen
If the hallways are small, that is every apt door is within 50' of every stairway on that floor then 1 3/4" can be stretched from pumper?
LRFPMD: who selects attk stairs ?
LRFPMD: ov tools?
Halligan & halligan hook. Lcc hal/axe
LRFPMD: ov & lcc team?
Outside survey. Its quicker to spilt team.
Often the __ floor can be reached with 35' ladder?
No outside ops ov/lcc team?
Proceed to fire floor & team up with officer
When 2nd ladder co is delayed & not on scene, the officer may order who to apt directly above the fire?
LRFPMD: roof tools?
LRFPMD: roof access priority order?
1. Stairway in attached adj bld. In individual bld with two seperate sections protected by fire doors use of protected adj section is priority.
2. Enclosed evacuation stair
3. Aerial or TL
LRFPMD: top floor fire. Who brings KO to roof?