NEW FFP MD April 2014 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NEW FFP MD April 2014 Deck (100):
0

Fire on 2 floors ?

Extra engine & truck. If progress is not made on at least one floor in a short period of time -- 2nd alarm. Extending to exposure 2nd alarm

1

Roof line?

-protect exposures
-prevent fire extending past trench
-extinguish fire that cannot be reached from below, such as fire in cornice

2

Absence of front f/e in OLT usually indicate?

Railroad flats. Unless corner bld

3

Cellar fire: first line OLT?

To cellar entrance door inside the bld, under the interior stair on first floor. Remain there - should not be advanced into cellar unless there is no outside entrance or fire in minor

4

Cellar fire: OLT. 2nd line?

Front or rear entrance

5

Store fires: OLT. A 2 1/2" shall be stretched for large volume fires & second line stretched to ?

2nd line OLT store fire -- entrance hallway

6

OLT: stairway fires. Preferred ladder for weakened stairs ?

Extension preferred. Shorter nested length allows for easier maneuverability & positioning, while adjusted length should insure proper coverage of entire span.

7

For fires in rooms in vicinity of the shaft, after fire in the room has been __,the line should bd operated into the shaft in order to __ the shaft fire before continuing through the apt for knockdown & final extinguishment?

Knockdown, knockdown

8

Collapse in OLT usually not a problem?

True. Because of short span of floor beams (25')

9

Indications of possible collapse?

-plaster ceiling falling
-floors or ceiling sagging
-usual creaking noises

10

Bld in rear are usually not as seriously exposed because they are anywhere from __' to __' or more away from OLT. Extension must be kept in mind if there is ?

10' to 25'.
-heavy fire in the rear
-windows in exposed are open
-wind blowing in direction of exposed buildings

11

SRO:

-occupants has access to both means of egress (stairs & f/e) w/o going thru another persons room
-sprinkler each room & stairway;no roof tank. Supplied from water main in the street. Cannot be supplied by FD.
-interior alarm system/exit lights & signs must be provided

12

Rear tenements: small in area. Frame or Nfp. Range from __ to __ stories?

2 to 5 stories. 10' to 25' from front bld

13

NLT: h-type. Generally living units are in the __ line of the letter "H"?

Vertical line

14

The introduction of steel into the "H" type design had the following advantages:

-allowed girders to support floors instead of costly bearing wall of brick
-consistency of steel structural characteristics allowed a fairly exact moment of failure to be determined thereby eliminating costly overbuilding reqd by use of safety factors when using less predictable materials such as masonry/wood
-ability of steel to be connected permitted coupling of several bld to form H design

15

H: most common roof?

Top floor ceiling several feet below the main roof beams. Roof boards directly to top of roof beams. Sturdy roof.

16

Springy roof h-type - get off roof inmediately?

F. Inverted

17

___ stairs are a tremendous asset in heavy fire operations on the top floor?

Transverse.

18

Main concern channel rails?

They are not fire stopped. These vertical voids, about one square foot.

19

Fire showing in the throat, courtyard & front windows, and TL stream is being used, it should be directed at the __first?

Windows in throat first

20

H-type: Primary means for getting to the roof would be?

Winged or isolated stairs in the same bld or any stairway in an adjoining bld.

21

Two floors of fire or extensive cockloft fire?

2nd alarm

22

Medium fire condition ?

Extra engine & truck

23

H-type: Standing in front of fire bld & beginning at extreme left that will be __ wing?

A-wing

24

1st officer on fire floor shall transmit to IC?

LODANCE.
-location
-occupants
-Difficulty/delays door- advancing line
-access
-number of apts
-conditions
-extension

25

H-type: store fires - 1st & 2nd line?

1st into store; 2nd b/u first. When first can control store, the second floor above.

26

H-type: When its obvious that first line can __ the store fire, the second should be advanced to floor above?

Control

27

H-type: store fire - 2nd ladder?

Floor above

28

H-type: cellar fire. Fireproof construction throughout the cellar. Cellar ceiling concrete rated for two hour fire resistance?

True

29

Cutting roof - size ?

3' x 6'

30

Trenching is a __ operation?

Defensive - to limit spread of fire in cockloft. A trench may be cut but should not be opened until there is an adequate vent directly over the fire.

31

Trench cut at least __ wide?

3'

32

Trench cut at least 3' wide. Defensive. Not pulled until vent hole directly over fire. Cut wall to wall or other suitable fire stop such as stair or elevator bulkhead?

T

33

Trench about __ from initial vent hole?

20' -- cut in narrowest section. Do not depend on firewalls.

34

A charged line should be in position on the roof to protect personnel & trench opening. This line may be operated into the trench in a ?

Brief, sweeping, side to side motion to prevent fire from extending across trench

35

A fire escape in the throat often spans the firewall & indicates two separate apartments in the throat?

T

36

HRFPMD

HRFPMD

37

HRFPMD - 75' or more in height?

True

38

The most prominent variables that affect smoke movement are ?

-pressure
-stack effect
-wind
-hvac

39

The stack effect is influenced by ?

-height of bld
-temperature diff inside/outside
-air leakage to other floors
-wind

40

Horizontal vent of fire apt is limited & controlled by __ in hrfpmd?

Ladder officer in apt

41

HRFPMD: windows in public hall & stairways on fire floor shall not be vented without approval of ___?

IC

42

Stairways other then ___ stair may bd used to vent fire floor?

Other then evacuation stair

43

Vertical vent in HRFPMD by ?

IC only

44

Elevators: stairs should be used when?

7th floor & below use stairs. 8 & up elevator

45

HRFPMD: the 1st ladder should shall recall elevators for fire on any floor?

True. 1st ladder Recall if used or not

46

HRFPMD: who ensures elevators are recalled & searched?

2nd ladder

47

Each member & their equipment to be greater then 275lbs?

True

48

Elevators: eng & ladder arrive together - no fire service. Who goes on elevator ?

Eng off, noz, ctl & lad off, f/e team. With fire service ov operates car & leaving one engine FF

49

OV involved in outside operations & fire above 7th floor. Who operates elevator?

Member from 2nd truck and/or designated by IC

50

After all units in position and two elevators are available, maintain them where?

1 - 2 floors below fire floor & another in lobby

51

Service/freight elevator cannot be used until ?

Declared safe by Co Officer.

***standpipes are usually found in service stairway

52

10-77. High rise bld 75' or more

-wind impacted fire conditions
-advanced fire on arrival
-heavy smoke on numerous floors
-numerous rpts of persons in difficulty due to smoke

53

HRFPMD: fire visible from exterior upon arrival ?

10-77

54

Internal conditions cannot be accurately determined on arrival ?

10-75

55

Fast unit & cfrd shall be assigned ?

Above 6th floor Fire sector. Fast unit brings elevator keys

56

Who selects attack stairs in hrfpmd?

E & L

57

Attack stair need standpipe in hrfpmd?

F. Does not. HRO it is required

58

HRFPMD: officer & ctl of 2nd engine should relieve the 1st ctl ff at hose outlet - ensure adequate pressure to the nozzle?

True. 1st ctl ensures proper hook up to hose outlet.

59

HRFPMD: bulkhead vented when?

Direction of IC after fire is controlled

60

3rd ctl will remain at outlet ?

Throughout operation

61

HRFPMD: 2nd line can go to floor above?

True.

62

Who brings HR nozzle?

4th engine. E80N not E80H. They will either use the 2nd line in place or stretch their own line.

63

E80N: bring nozzle to?

ICP. Then when ordered bring it to floor below the fire for quick deployment.

64

Cfrd unit HRFPMD?

Rpt to ICP with Fast unit. Bring F/E tools. Fast unit - elevator keys

65

Who is responsible to control the attack & evacuation stairs on fire floor?

1st ladder.

66

if unable to determine conditions in public hallway. F/E team enters hallway to locate the fire apt & control door?

F. Officer & 1 member. Other member of interior team will remain at attack stairwell door on the hallway side of door. Engine officer controls stairwell side of door.

67

HRFPMD: OV. Tools Halligan, hook or axe. No outside ops. Then ?

If f/s put car into f/s. No f/s join inside team.

68

HRFPMD: roof tools ?

Halligan - KO - hydra ram. Take attack stairs to floor above

69

HRFPMD: no outside ops, wcd, lsr. 2nd lcc?

Team up with 1st Lcc & proceed to roof

70

Bulkheads of elevator machinery rooms shall not be used ventilation purposes until fire is __?

Under control

71

HRFPMD: who ensures all evacuation stair doors are closed on fire floor?

2nd ladder

72

HRFPMD: 2nd ladder searches public hallway. What are two reasons to force adjacent apts?

High heat & smoke conditions OR high CO

73

After searching public hallway - 2nd ladder?

Attack stairs for 5 floors

74

Who coordinates WCD?

2nd ladder co

75

2nd roof tools?

Halligan, maul, LSR. 1st & 3rd KO

76

2nd LCC: no outside ops?

Team up with 1st Lcc & head to roof. Outside ops team up with 2nd Ov

77

3rd ladder rpt to ?

Icp

78

On a 10-77 which unit is vent support group?

6th ladder

79

Priority order for the use of PPF:

1. Attack
2. Evac
3. Venting public hallways for smoke & CO control

80

The vent support group will inform the IC of the recommended placement of PPV fans based on ?

1. # of fans & personnel available
2. Location of fire floor
3. Number of floors in the bld
4. Stage of FF operations
**IC authorizes pressurization

81

2008 Bld code requires 1 way voice communication from fire command center to all stairways & dwellings for all new R-2 bld greater than 125'. Should be entered into Cids...

True

82

Who confirms the fire floor evacuation stair doors is/are being maintained in the closed position ?

Initiated by 1st/2nd ladder Confirmed by 3rd ladder

83

HRFPMD: supplying siamese. A no flow registered on flow meter indicates a valve is closed in the system(riser control valve). A high flow reading indicates ?

A pipe may have fractured or other other outlet valves are open in riser?

84

LW hose: 2" lead length with __" MST?

1"

85

LRFPMD:

LRFPMD

86

LRFPMD: vary in height generally ?

3-7 stories

87

Usually not equipped with standpipe?

True

88

IC approves roof venting. When ordered its done by?

1st& 2nd roofmen

89

If the hallways are small, that is every apt door is within 50' of every stairway on that floor then 1 3/4" can be stretched from pumper?

True

90

LRFPMD: who selects attk stairs ?

1st ladder

91

LRFPMD: ov tools?

Halligan & halligan hook. Lcc hal/axe

92

LRFPMD: ov & lcc team?

Outside survey. Its quicker to spilt team.

93

Often the __ floor can be reached with 35' ladder?

4th floor

94

No outside ops ov/lcc team?

Proceed to fire floor & team up with officer

95

When 2nd ladder co is delayed & not on scene, the officer may order who to apt directly above the fire?

Ov/lcc team

96

LRFPMD: roof tools?

Lsr

97

LRFPMD: roof access priority order?

1. Stairway in attached adj bld. In individual bld with two seperate sections protected by fire doors use of protected adj section is priority.
2. Enclosed evacuation stair
3. Aerial or TL

98

LRFPMD: top floor fire. Who brings KO to roof?

2nd roof

99

If 1st roof determines Lsr not possible who should he contact?

2nd roof if he has not made roof yet.