Flashcards in Collapse Deck (37):
According to CIMs structural collapse is what type of event?
Single command/FD IC for structural collapse. ABCDEF -boat in distress(1st), auto(1st),downed trees,confined space,h --,Impalement/entrapment,fires,structural collapse
Structural fatigue/old age is a cause or indicator/sign of a collapse ?
If possible, both first & second arriving engines should?
Take separate hydrants outside the block on separate mains. 3rd/4th engines take similar positions in the rear
Who seals off ends of street?
Two second alarm engines.
Who establishes a staging area?
Eng Co responsibilities. What is 2 nd highest priority ?
1. Ext active fires in affected bld & surrounding debris 2. Protect exposures 3. Extinguish vehicle fires in vicinity of collapse 4. No active fire - stretch & charge 2 1/2" -- 3 1/2" stretched/charged to nearest TL 5. Terrorist 2 1/2" between two apparatus or other substantial shielding
First engine ?
Water supply. 2 1/2" stretch 2 1/2" for entire site. Consider 3 1/2" for TL
Who ensures 3 1/2" stretched for 1 st TL ?
2nd eng. 1st considers
Who immediately begins process of controlling utilities?
Victim removal leader will normally be filled by?
Rescue Co Officer
Who coordinates CCP with an EMS Officer?
Street Coordination Mgr.
Surveyor's transit can be found?
Tactical support units & collapse rescue units
3 short blasts?
3 short: Evacuate the area. 1 long - 1 short: resume operations. 1 long: cease ops/quiet
5 stages of collapse rescue operation?
1. Recon 2. Acct for & removal of surface victims 3. Voids 4. Selected debris removal & tunneling 5. General debris removal
In pancake collapse survival depends on?
Presence of strong objects nearby to keep the weight of the entire load from landing on the victim.
Crush syndrome is fundamentally based on three criteria:
1. Compromised local circulation 2. Involvement of muscle mass 3. Prolonged compression - usually 4-6 hours but possibly less then 1 hour
Victim location marking system assists during what phase?
Marking system - they should be updated and old markings?
When victim marking is complete draw a box around it?
No box. Square Box for vacant buildings
Marking system 'X' should be what size?
2' x 2'.
What color paint for 'X' ?
Lime-YELLOW. (2) cans carried on apparatus
/ means ?
Unit has entered. Second slash when units exit.
Marking quadrants: upper ?
Upper - time & date unit left area/structure. Left - unit identity. Right - hazards 'rats'. Bottom - number of live and/or expired victims still INSIDE the structure/area. "0" = no victims
2' in height - known or potential victim. An arrow may need to be added next to "V" pointing twd location of victim
A circle around "V" ?
Confirmed - either visually, vocally or hearing sounds
A line thru the "V" ?
Horizontal line thru middle of "V" --- victim deceased.
A vertical line thru "V"?
Victim removed. ** this marking should not be taken to mean the SECONDARY is NOT complete**
Wood frame building starting to slowly tilt or lean over to one side?
Exterior wall breaks apart horizontally - top inward & bottom outward - what kind of wood bld collapses that way?
Wood braced frame. **Timber truss roof colllapse can cause secondary collapse of a front wall in this manner.
Floor beams pull loose or collapse at both ends?
Interior partition or wall holds up center of the floor?
Tent floor collapse
Who can operate vacuum truck if area is too hazardous for Con-ed employees?
Crush syndrome: compromised local circulation, involvement of muscle mass, prolonged compression usually __ to __hours but possibly less then an hour?
Usually 4 to 6 hours, possibly less then 1 hour.
Pancake collapse: survival depends on?
Strong objects near by
3 short blasts by Apparatus at collapse?
Evacuate. 1 long - quiet/ cease ops, 1 long 1 short - resume
Who does CFRD?