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Flashcards in notes on social psychology Deck (12):
1

SOCIAL INFLUENCES on self? (2)

- SELF-CONCEPT: accurate/inaccurate?
- SELF ESTEEM: high/low?
--> note: you can have an accurate self concept and low self esteem and vice versa.

2

SOCIAL IMPRESSIONS? (3)

- SCHEMA (representative heuristics-->stereotypes...)
- FIRST IMPRESSIONS
- LASTING IMPRESSIONS

3

How do we, as observers, make ATTRIBUTIONS about the behavior of others? (3) Is it me, or is it the other person?

we look for:
- CONSENSUS
- CONSISTENCY
- DISTINCTIVENESS

4

Types of ATTRIBUTIONS? (2)

- INTERNAL (sth I did!)
- EXTERNAL (doesn't have anything to do with me; circumstances...)

5

How we make ATTRIBUTIONS --> CONSENSUS e.g. asking louis to go to concert

- would other people REACT THE SAME WAY as the person you are observing--> would the other teachers say no also

6

How we make ATTRIBUTIONS --> CONSISTENCY e.g. asking louis to go to concert

- consistent response vs. inconsistent response --> does louis switch b/w no and yes --> maybe its his mood that determines, not the idea...

7

How we make ATTRIBUTIONS --> DISTINCTIVENESS e.g. asking louis to go to concert

- would other people who ask GET THE SAME RESPONSE? if other students asked, would louis say no too?

8

Conflicts --> LADDER OF ESCALATION? (4)

- growing investment in p.o.v
- see opponent as hostile, selfish
- faulty communication
- suspicion of others intent

9

How to promote COOPERATION? (4)

- more communication about dilemma
- initiate cooperation/respond to coop. w/ coop.
- small issues to large
- find common values/interests

10

Evolutionary basis for ALTRUISM? (3)

- sustain descendants --> survival of GENES, not descendants
- biological preparedness to sustain IN-GROUP and not out-group

11

Types of THEORIES for ALTRUISM? (3)

- EVOLUTIONARY PSYCH
- AROUSAL: COST-REWARD THOERY
- BIOLOGICAL THEORY

12

AROUSAL: COST-REWARD THEORY --> ALTRUISM

--> cognitive? how much help do they need? how much effort will it cost me?
TWO factors affect this
- clarity of need for help
- presence of others (bystander effect)