Flashcards in Study Guide: Psychological Disorders Deck (16):
How prevalent are psychological disorders in the US?
- studies published in 1980s and early 1990s found psychological disorders in roughly ONE THIRD of the population; 44% of adult population will struggle with some sort of psychological disorder at some point in their lives.
- attempts to explain behavior as a PREDISPOSITIONAL VULNERABILITY together with STRESS from life experiences.
What types of psychological disorders are most common in the US?
- SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS
- ANXIETY DISORDERS
- MOOD DISORDERS
- study of distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population
- inability to feel pleasure
Types of ANXIOUS/FEARFUL personality disorders? (3) and which GENDER more susceptible?
- AVOIDANT: equal
- DEPENDENT: majority women
- OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE PERSONALITY: equal
Types of ODD/ECCENTRIC personality disorders? (3) and which GENDER more susceptible?
- SCHIZOID: majority women
- SCHIZOTYPAL: pretty equal; a little more men
- PARANOID: majority men.
SCHIZOID PERSONALITY DISORDER?
- can't form social relationships; shows absence of warm, tender feelings towards others.
SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER?
- shows social deficits and oddities of thinking, perception, communication that resembles schizophrenia.
HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER?
- overly dramatic; tending to exaggerate expressions of emotions; egocentric, seeking attention
BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER?
- unstable in self-image, mood, interpersonal relationships; impulsive and unpredictable.
Types of DRAMATIC/IMPULSIVE personality disorders? (4) and which GENDER more susceptible?
- HISTRIONIC: majority women
- NARCISSISTIC: majority men
- BORDERLINE: majority women
- ANTISOCIAL: majority men
Etiology of somatoform disorders? (5)
- biological: tend to have irregularities in seratonin level (effect? cause?)
- behaviorist: childhood learning (my mother pays the most attention to me when i feel sick; you need to make sure that the attention-giving doesn't reinforce the state of illness
- cognitive distortions
- severe stress
- significant cultural differences (esp. with conversion and hypochondriasis)
Define DISORDER... (3)
- patterns of thought, emotion, behavior that RESULT in DISTRESS or IMPAIRMENT of social or occupational function
- "when does this get in the way of your capacity to live a full life?"
- i can't go to work anymore, i can't relate to my family anymore
Epidemiology of CONVERSION disorders?... (3)
- strikes 2%
- tends to come on in early adolescence
- gender equal