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Flashcards in Study Guide: Psychological Disorders Deck (16):
1

How prevalent are psychological disorders in the US?

- studies published in 1980s and early 1990s found psychological disorders in roughly ONE THIRD of the population; 44% of adult population will struggle with some sort of psychological disorder at some point in their lives.

2

DIATHESIS-STRESS MODEL?

- attempts to explain behavior as a PREDISPOSITIONAL VULNERABILITY together with STRESS from life experiences.

3

What types of psychological disorders are most common in the US?

- SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS
- ANXIETY DISORDERS
- MOOD DISORDERS

4

EPIDEMIOLOGY?

- study of distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population

5

ANHEDONIA?

- inability to feel pleasure

6

Types of ANXIOUS/FEARFUL personality disorders? (3) and which GENDER more susceptible?

- AVOIDANT: equal
- DEPENDENT: majority women
- OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE PERSONALITY: equal

7

Types of ODD/ECCENTRIC personality disorders? (3) and which GENDER more susceptible?

- SCHIZOID: majority women
- SCHIZOTYPAL: pretty equal; a little more men
- PARANOID: majority men.

8

SCHIZOID PERSONALITY DISORDER?

- can't form social relationships; shows absence of warm, tender feelings towards others.

9

SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER?

- shows social deficits and oddities of thinking, perception, communication that resembles schizophrenia.

10

HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER?

- overly dramatic; tending to exaggerate expressions of emotions; egocentric, seeking attention

11

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER?

- unstable in self-image, mood, interpersonal relationships; impulsive and unpredictable.

12

Types of DRAMATIC/IMPULSIVE personality disorders? (4) and which GENDER more susceptible?

- HISTRIONIC: majority women
- NARCISSISTIC: majority men
- BORDERLINE: majority women
- ANTISOCIAL: majority men

13

Etiology of somatoform disorders? (5)

- biological: tend to have irregularities in seratonin level (effect? cause?)
- behaviorist: childhood learning (my mother pays the most attention to me when i feel sick; you need to make sure that the attention-giving doesn't reinforce the state of illness
- cognitive distortions
- severe stress
- significant cultural differences (esp. with conversion and hypochondriasis)

14

Define DISORDER... (3)

- patterns of thought, emotion, behavior that RESULT in DISTRESS or IMPAIRMENT of social or occupational function
- "when does this get in the way of your capacity to live a full life?"
- i can't go to work anymore, i can't relate to my family anymore

15

Epidemiology of CONVERSION disorders?... (3)

- strikes 2%
- tends to come on in early adolescence
- gender equal

16

how to decide whether sth is a disorder...
- the three Ds?
- the three Cs

- DEVIANCE, DISTRESS, DYSFUNCTION. <-- pretty vague (esp. deviance; what is difference b/w eccentric and disorder?)
- CONTENT, CONTEXT, CONSEQUENCES
- you have to draw the line...eccentric?disordered?criminal?...