5 (BARRON): States of Consciousness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5 (BARRON): States of Consciousness Deck (56):
0

COMPETING PHILOSOPHICAL THEORIES of CONSCIOUSNESS (2)

- DUALISM
- MONISM

1

DUALISTS believe...

- HUMANS (and the UNIVERSE in general) consist of TWO MATERIALS: THOUGHT and MATTER

2

DUALISTS BELIEVE in ... ... Some even maintain that THOUGHT is ... and continues existing after the ... and ... DIE

- FREE WIL
- ETERNAL
- BRAIN
- BODY

3

..... believe EVERYTHING is the SAME SUBSTANCE. THOUGHT is a ... ... of .... ... and STOPS ... when the BODY DIES.

- MONISTS
- BY-PRODUCT
- BRAIN PROCESSES
- EXISTING

4

PYSCHOLOGISTS define CONSCIOUSNESS as our LEVEL of .... about ... and our ...

- AWARENESS
- OURSELVES
- ENVIRONMENT

5

CONCEPTS that DESCRIBE LEVELS of CONSCIOUSNESS (3)

- MERE-EXPOSURE EFFECT
- PRIMING
- BLIND SIGHT

6

"occurs when we PREFER ... we have ... ... over NOVEL .., even if we do not ... ... seeing the old stimuli.

- MERE EXPOSURE EFFECT
- STIMULI
- SEEN BEFORE
- CONSCIOUSLY REMEMBER

7

"research participants respond more ... and/or ... to QUESTIONS they have ... ..., even if they do not ... seeing them."

- PRIMING
- QUICKLY
- ACCURATELY
- SEEN BEFORE
- REMEMBER

8

"Some people who report to be ... can accurately describe the ... of a ... ... or accurately ... objects they say they ... ..."

- BLINDSIGHT
- BLIND
- PATH
- MOVING OBJECT
- GRASP
- CANNOT SEE

9

LEVELS of CONSCIOUSNESS (5)

- CONSCIOUS LEVEL
- NONCONSCIOUS LEVEL
- PRECONSCIOUS LEVEL
- SUBCONSCIOUS LEVEL
- UNCONSCIOUS LEVEL

10

"Recalling a favorite toy as a child."

- PRECONSCIOUS LEVEL

11

"Level of consciousness that controls heartbeat, respiration, digestion and so on..."

- NONCONSCIOUS LEVEL

12

"PRIMING and MERE-EXPOSURE EFFECT come from..."

- SUBCONSCIOUS LEVEL

13

".... analysts believe some EVENTS and FEELINGS are ... to our conscious mind and are REPRESSED into the ... mind"

- PSYCHOANALYTIC
- UNACCEPTABLE
- UNCONSCIOUS

14

"The period when we fall asleep. The stage between ... and ..."

- SLEEP ONSET
- WAKEFULNESS
- SLEEP

15

"Our brain produces ... when we are DROWSY but AWAKE."

- ALPHA WAVES

16

REM stands for...

- RAPID EYE MOVEMENT

17

REM SLEEP is sometimes called ... ... since our brain waves appear as ... and ... as they do when we are AWAKE

- PARADOXICAL
- ACTIVE
- INTENSE

18

Stages 3 and 4 is sometimes called ... ...

- DELTA SLEEP

19

DELTA SLEEP seems to be very important in ... the body's ... ..., releasing ... ... in children, and ... our ... ...

- REPLENISHING
- CHEMICAL SUPPLIES
- GROWTH HORMONES
- FORTIFYING
- IMMUNE SYSTEM

20

SLEEP DISORDERS (5)

- INSOMNIA
- NARCOLEPSY
- SLEEP APNEA
- NIGHT TERRORS
- SOMNAMBULISM

21

... suffer from periods of INTENSE SLEEPINESS and may fall asleep at UNPREDICTABLE and INAPPROPRIATE times. They may fall into REM sleep regardless of what they are doing.

- NARCOLEPTICS

22

... causes a person to stop breathing for short periods of time during the night

- APNEA

23

DREAM THEORIES (3)

- FREUDIAN THEORY
- ACTIVATION-SYNTHESIS THEORY
- INFORMATION-PROCESSING THEORY

24

... ... is the LITERAL content of our DREAMS.

- MANIFEST CONTENT

25

"Unconscious meaning of the MANIFEST CONTENT."

- LATENT CONTENT

26

This theory proposes that perhaps dreams are nothing more than the brains interpretations of what is happening PHYSIOLOGICALLY during REM SLEEP.

- ACTIVATION-SYNTHESIS THEORY

27

"DREAMS may be stories made up by the LITERARY PART of our mind caused by the INTENSE BRAIN ACTIVITY during REM SLEEP."

- ACTIVATION-SYNTHESIS theory

28

"This theory will point out that stress during the day will increase the number and intensity of dreams during the night."

- INFORMATION-PROCESSING THEORY

29

"Perhaps the brain is dealing with DAILY STRESS and INFORMATION during REM SLEEP."

- INFORMATION-PROCESSING THEORY

30

THREE THEORIES that explain HYPNOSIS (3)

- ROLE THEORY
- STATE THEORY
- DISSOCIATION THEORY

31

posthypnotic amnesia (1)

- when people report FORGETTING EVENTS that occurred while they were hypnotized

32

posthypnotic suggestion (1)

- a suggestion that a hypnotized person BEHAVE in a CERTAIN WAY after he or she is brought out of hypnosis

33

"This theory points out that some people are more easily hypnotized than others, a characteristic called ... ..."

- HYPNOTIC SUGGESTABILITY
ROLE THEORY

34

People with high hypnotic suggestability tend to .. (3)

- have richer FANTASY LIVES
- FOLLOW DIRECTIONS WELL
- be able to FOCUS on a single task for a long period of time

35

"This theory points out that hypnosis meets some parts of the of the definition of an ALTERED STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS"

- STATE THEORY

36

"In addition, some people report dramatic HEALTH BENEFITS, such as PAIN CONTROL and reduction in specific PHYSICAL AILMENTS."

- STATE THEORY

37

Reseacher ... ... explained hypnosis in his DISSOCIATION THEORY

- ERNEST HILGARD

38

"One part of our consciousness responds to the SUGGESTIONS OF THE HYPNOTIST, while the other part/level retains AWARENESS OF REALITY."

- DISSOCIATION THEORY

39

HILGARD asked hypnotized participants to put their arm in an ... ... ...

- ICE WATER BATH

40

Normally, the brain is PROTECTED from HARMFUL CHEMICALS in the bloodstrean by THICKER WALLS surrounding the brain's BLOOD VESSELS. This is called the ... ... ...

- BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER

41

AGONISTS (1)

- drugs that mimic neurotransmitters

42

ANTAGONISTS (1)

- drugs that BLOCK NEUROTRANSMITTERS

43

"Physiological change that produces a need for MORE of the main drug in order to achieve the same effect."

- TOLERANCE

44

TOLERANCE will eventually cause ... SYMPTOMS in users

- WITHDRAWAL

45

PSYCHOACTIVE drugs (1)

- CHEMICALS that change the CHEMISTRY of the BRAIN and induce an ALTERED STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS

46

TYPES of PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS (4)

- STIMULANTS
- DEPRESSANTS
- HALLUCINOGENS
- OPIATES

47

EXAMPLES of STIMULANTS (4)

- CAFFEINE
- COCAINE
- AMPHETAMINES
- NICOTINE

48

VALIUM is an .... ....

- ANTIANXIETY DRUG

49

EXAMPLES of DEPRESSANTS (4)

- ALCHOHOL
- BARBITURATES
- TRANQUILIZERS
- ANTI ANXIETY DRUGS

50

EXAMPLES of HALLUCINOGENS (4)

- LSD
- MUSHROOMS
- MARIJUANA

51

EXAMPLES of OPIATES (4)

- MORPHINE
- HEROINE
- METHADONE
- CODEINE

52

OPIATES act as ... for endorphins and thusbare powerful ..... and ... elevators

- AGONISTS
- PAINKILLERS
- MOOD

53

HALLUCINOGENS causes changes in PERCEPTIONS of reality, including (3)

- SENSORY HALLUCINATIONS
- LOSS OF IDENTITY
- VIVID FANTASIES

54

DEPRESSANTS slow down the SAME BODY SYSTEMS that .... speed up.

- STIMULANTS

55

STIMULANTS SPEED UP BODY PROCESSES, including ... ... .., functions such as ... and ... rate

- AUTONOMIC NS
- HEART
- RESPIRATION