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Flashcards in Occ Health Guidelines Deck (123)
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31

Define worker compensation

insurance system maintained by an institution to cover the medical costs and replace lost wages of workers with work related illness/injury

32

What is Supplementary Data System (SDS)?

Fed Bureau of Labor Statistics receives data from 35 states categorizing and reporting injuries and illnesses that qualify for worker comp.

33

What is the OSHA 200 log and who requires this

most institutions are required by law to maintain a log of work-related illness/injury, US dept of labor

34

Define injury vs ilness

Injuries- incidents that are instantaneous (bite, kick, needlestikc)
Illness- conditions arising from noninstantaneous events (carpal-tunnel syndrome, animal allergies, dermatitis)

35

When is an injury recordable?

It is results in: death, loss of consciousness, lost work time, placement on restricted duty, treatment other than first aid

36

What is required to be prepared and kept by employeers for each OSHA 200 log entry?

Supplementary record of occupational illness or injury (OSHA form 101)

37

List some government agencies that could be used as sources of info for developing a safety program and ID potential hazards.

NIOSH, OSHA, CDC, NIH, NADC, ARS, APHIS

38

List 3 most common species involved with bites among general population

Dogs, cats, rodents

39

Give some examples of diseases transmitted through animal bites

Rabies, CHV-1, hantavirus, cat-scratch fever, tularemia, rat bite feer, brucellosis, orf

40

What does NFPA stand for?

National Fire Protection Association

41

List fire classifications for various materials

Class A (Cloth, wood, paper)
Class B (flammable gasses and liquids)
Class C (electric equipment)
Class D (comubstable metals)

42

How are class B liquids further defined?

according to flash point (lowest temperature at which liquid will produce vapor sufficient to propagate flame
flammable liquids have flash point less than 100
combustable liquds have flash point between 100-200

43

List classification of UV radiation by wavelength

UVA 320-400nm (black light)
UVB 280-320nm (erythemal region)
UVC 100-280nm (germicidal region)

44

Compressed gas cylinders should be secured at all times. T/F

True

45

What is a potential hazard of UV radiation in the presense of chlorinated solvents?

UV radiation reacts with vapors of chlorinated solvents to produce phosgene a potential lung irritant

46

What precautions must employees take if working in the presence of UV radiation?

Eye and skin should be protected against UV exposure

47

What does "LASER" stand for?

light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation

48

What does ANSI stand for?

American national standards institute

49

list classification of lasers. What is this classification based on?

Class 1: does not emit hazardous level of radiation when operating normally
Class 2: Low-power, not enough power to injure accidentally but can cause injury if beam viewed for extended periods of time
Class 3a: High power, can cause injury if beam concentrated with viewing device.
Class 3b: Produce injury if viewed directly, beam also dangerous if reflected off a mirror like surface
Class IV: Class 3 + fire hazard
Classification is based on power level and hazard potential

50

What is the major hazard associated with lazers?

major hazard is related to beam (burns, eye damage, lacerations, fires) also aerosols, fumes, toxic gases, electric shock

51

What does NSC stand for?

National Safety Council

52

What is the criteria for classifying radiation as ionizing?

Radiation must have enough energy to remove electrons from atoms to create ions.

53

Define and list types of particulate radiation

Composed of particles that are of atomic origin. alpha
(2 protons and 2 neutrons) and beta particles (electrons or positrons)

54

define and list types of nonparticulate radiation

electromagnetic radiation with very short wavelength, composed of photons of energy and can penetrate matter (gamma and x-rays)

55

Through what routes can radiation be hazardous? What are the 2 types of hazards?

Routes= inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, proximity
Hazards= internal, external

56

What agency controls the use of radioisotopes?

US Nuclear Regulatory Commission

57

Name some common types of hazards presented by machinery.

in running nip points, crush points, pinch points, noise

58

How is chronic noise-induced hearing loss characterized?

Declining sensitivity to frequencies above 2,000 Hz

59

What are OSHA limits on "noise" exposure for employees?

limits noise exposure to 90 decibels measured on the A scale of standard sound level meter at slow response averaged over an 8h workshift

60

list some negative effects of noise

hearing loss
make speech difficult
cause loss of concentration
distract workers
increase fatigue