2 Quarter Anatomy 2 Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

Comps Sciences > 2 Quarter Anatomy 2 Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2 Quarter Anatomy 2 Exam 1 Deck (59):
1

HEAD MUSCLES

OCCIPITALFRONTALIS (OPICRANIUS)MASSETERTEMPORALISLATERAL (EXTERNAL) PTERYGOIDMEDIAL (INTERNAL) PTERYGOID

2

broad flat tendon attaching muscle to muscle

GALEA OPONEUROTICA

3

chewing and swallowing

MASTICATION & DEGLUDINATION

4

NECK MUSCLES

PLATYSMAOMOHYOIDSTERNOCLEIDOMASTOID

5

TRUNK/TORSO major muscles

back muscleschest musclesabdomen musclesdiaphragm muscles

6

BACK MUSCLES

TRAPEZIUSLATISSIMUS DORSI

7

MAJOR CHEST MUSCLES

PECTORALIS MAJOREXTERNAL INTERCOSTALSINTERNAL INTERCOSTALS

8

ABDOMEN MUSCLES

ANTEROLATERAL WALLANTEROMEDIAL WALLPOSTERIOR WALL

9

ANTEROLATERAL WALL (abdomen) muscles

EXTERNAL OBLIQUEINTERNAL OBLIQUETRANSVERSE ABDOMINUS

10

ANTEROMEDIAL WALL (abdomen) muscle

RECTUS ABDOMINUS

11

POSTERIOR WALL (abdomen) muscle

PSOAS MAJOR (ILIOPSOAS)

12

to flex and medially rotate the thigh; guide to raise the iliac artery; *(can be counted as 3 muscles or 1 muscle depending on anatomist)

PSOAS MAJOR (ILIOPSOAS)

13

(PHRENIC MUSCLE)

DIAPHRAGM

14

major muscle for breathing, both exhaling and inhaling

DIAPHRAGM (PHRENIC MUSCLE)

15

OPENINGS of DIAPHRAGM

ESOPHAGEAL ORIFICE AORTIC ORIFICEINFERIOR VENA CAVAL ORIFICE

16

opening thru which esophagus passes

ESOPHAGEAL ORIFICE

17

opening thru which aorta (largest artery) passes

AORTIC ORIFICE

18

opening for (IVC), largest vein in body, named by angle/direction not by size

INFERIOR VENA CAVAL ORIFICE

19

UPPER EXTREMITIES muscles

SHOULDER MUSCLESARM MUSCLESFOREARM MUSCLES

20

SHOULDER MUSCLES

DELTOIDTERES MAJOR

21

abduction of the arm, move arm away from medial plane, triangle shape gives roundness/firmness of the arm

DELTOID

22

muscle to adduct and medially rotate the arm, largest muscle in terms of size

TERES MAJOR

23

(between shoulder and elbow)

ARM MUSCLES

24

ARM MUSCLES

BICEPT BRACHII CORACOBRACHIALISBRACHIALIS TRICEPS BRACHII

25

(between elbow and wrist)

FOREARM MUSCLE

26

FOREARM MUSCLE VENTRAL ASPECTlisted medial to lateral,

FLEXOR CARPI ULNARISFLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALISFLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS

27

function of all is to flex and pronate the hands

FOREARM MUSCLEVENTRAL ASPECT

28

most medial ventral muscle of forearm

FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS

29

the ulnar artery lies LATERAL to the tendon of the...

flexor carpi ulnaris

30

most prominent tendon seen at the middle of the wrist

FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS

31

the ulnar artery lies MEDIAL to the tendon of the

FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS

32

most lateral ventral muscle of the forearm

FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS

33

DORSAL ASPECT of Forearm MusclesSUPERFICIALLY:

BRACHIORADIALIS

34

as a group, they aid in extension and supination of the hand

DEEP: (forearm)

35

popeye's muscle

brachioradials

36

LOWER EXTREMITIES MUSCLES

GLUTEAL REGION THIGH MUSCLELEG MUSCLES

37

GLUTEAL REGION

GLUTEUS MAXIMUS

38

(between hip and knee

THIGH MUSCLE

39

front of femoral area

ANTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLES

40

ANTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLES

SARTORIUS QUADRICEPTS FEMORIS

41

forms lateral boundary of femoral triangle, longest muscle in body, used to cross legs;common name is tailor’s muscle

SARTORIUS

42

TAILOR'S MUSCLE

SARTORIUS

43

THIGH MUSCLES

ANTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLESMEDIAL FEMORAL MUSCLES POSTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLES

44

4 headed muscle in the thigh region. Located in the front of the thigh

QUADRICEPTS FEMORIS

45

PARTS OF QUADRICEPTS FEMORIS

RECTUS FEMORIS VASTUS LATERALISVASTUS MEDIALISVASTUS INTERMEDIUS

46

close to midline; bring the body toward the medial plane; adduct the thigh

MEDIAL FEMORAL MUSCLES

47

MEDIAL FEMORAL MUSCLES

ADDUCTOR LONGUSADDUCTOR MAGNUS

48

longest adductor muscle; serves as medial boundary of the femoral triangle

ADDUCTOR LONGUS

49

largest of the adductor muscle serves as the anatomical limit between femoral blood vessels; located superior to the blood vessels at the opening of the adductor magnus

ADDUCTOR MAGNUS

50

in back; hamstring group, common in basketball injuries

POSTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLES

51

POSTERIOR FEMORAL MUSCLESall three of these used to extend the thigh

BICEPS FEMORISSEMITENDINOSUSSEMIMEMBRANOSUS

52

2 headed muscle; one of the 3 most lateral posterior muscles of the thigh; when flexed, you can feel tendon

BICEPS FEMORIS

53

used to tense your knee tendon of the knee stands out when you tense your knee

SEMITENDINOSUS

54

most medial muscle of the posterior of the thigh

SEMIMEMBRANOSUS

55

(between knee and ankle

LEG MUSCLES

56

LEG MUSCLES

ANTERIOR MUSCLES: TIBIALIS ANTERIORPOSTERIOR MUSCLES: CALCANEAL TENDON

57

posterior leg muscles

GASTROCNEMIUS SOLEUS

58

calf muscle...large fleshy muscle (Charlie horse)

GASTROCNEMIUS

59

planter flexion, point the toe downwardwalk on tiptoe (dancers toes)

SOLEUS