3rd Quarter Pathology FINAL Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology FINAL Deck (30):
1

Specific diseases of the URINARY SYSTEM

1. Inflammatory/degenerative
2. Genetic/developmental
3. Organ failure

2

adjective form of Uremia

uremic poisoning

3

the end stage of chronic renal failure, in which the patient dies from excess waste products from the blood.

uremia

4

uremia is indicated by....

odor of urine

5

inflammation of the little tuft of capillaries located within the structural and functional unit of the kidneys.

Glomerulonephritis

6

types of inflammatory/degenerative diseases concerning the urinary system

1. Uremia
2. Glomerulonephritis
3. Pyelonchrities
4. Pyelitis
5. Hydroncphrosis
6. Nephrolithiasis
7. Ureteritis
8. Cystitis
9. Urethritis

7

inflammation of the structural and functional unit of the kidneys caused by pyogenic or pus forming bacteria in the kidneys.

Pyelonchrities

8

inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelitis

9

the central collection area for urine

renal pelvis

10

pus forming bacteria

pyogenic

11

this is a form of Edema...over distention of the renal pelvis, due to obstruction in the ureter

hydronephrosis

12

funnel like tube
convey urine from kidneys down to the urinary bladder

ureter

13

the presence or formation of nephroliths

Nephrolithiasis

14

another name for nephroliths?

kidney stones

15

find out what this means???????

renal calculi
renal calcus

16

inflammation of one or both of the slender tapered tubes that convey urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.

Ureteritis

17

inflammation of the urinary bladder.

Cystitis

18

inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

19

the single tube that conveys urine from the bladder to outside the body.

urethra

20

symptoms of urethritis

burning sensation during urination

21

types of genetic/developmental diseases concerning urinary disease

1. Polycystic kidneys
2. Hypoplasia
3. Dysplasia

22

several cysts or many enclosed sac like pouches present in one or both of the kidneys, causing them not to function properly.

Polycystic kidneys

23

underdevelopment of one or both of the kidneys since birth

Hypoplasia of the kidney

24

any organ that is NEVER of normal size from birth

hypoplasia

25

condition of improper functioning kidneys...may be of normal size.

dysplasia of the kidneys

26

abnormal development of a body (tissue) part or organ

Dysplasia

27

types of ORGAN FAILURE concerning urinary disease

1. Acute renal failure
2. Chronic renal failure

28

sudden onset and short duration – failure to remove waste product from blood.

acute renal failure

29

slow onset and long duration of renal failure

chronic renal failure

30

types of POSTMORTEM CONDITIONS concerning urinary disease

1. edema
2. uremia
3. jaundice
4. dehydration
5. odor