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Flashcards in Path New Material Deck (133)
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1

DISEASES OF THE URINARY SYSTEM (9)

a. Uremia
b. Glomerulonephritis
c. Pyelonephritis
d. Pyelitis
e. Hydronephrosis
f. Nephrolithiasis
g. Ureteritis
h. Cystitis
i. Urethritis

2

a disease of the urinary system; the end stage of renal failure, in which the patient dies from excess waste products in the blood. Indicated by odor of urine.

Uremia

3

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of the little tuft of capillaries located within the structural and functional unit of the kidneys.

Glomerulonephritis

4

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of the structural and functional unit of the kidneys caused by pyogenic or pus forming bacteria

Pyelonephritis

5

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of the renal pelvis. The central collection area for urine.

Pyelitis

6

a disease of the urinary system; over distention of renal pelvis due to blockage or obstruction in the ureter.

Hydronephrosis

7

a disease of the urinary system; the presence or formation of nephroliths (kidney stones)

Nephrolithiasis

8

kidney stones

Renal calculi

9

a single kidney stone

Renal calcus

10

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of one or both of the tubes that convey urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder

Ureteritis

11

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of the urinary bladder. Two possible causes: Not emptying bladder completely after urination and alteration in the cells that make up the bladder (transitional cell carcinoma??? –bladder cancer)

Cystitis

12

a disease of the urinary system; inflammation of the urethra - the single tube that conveys urine from the bladder to outside the body.

Urethritis

13

Genetic/developmental conditions of urinary system (3)

a. Polycystic kidneys
b. Hypoplasia
c. Dysplasia

14

a genetic/developmental condition of urinary system; several cysts or enclosed sac like pouches that form in one or both of the kidneys causing them not to function properly

Polycystic kidneys

15

a genetic/developmental condition of urinary system; under development of a kidney. One or both of the kidneys are smaller than normal from birth. It was never of normal size

Hypoplasia

16

a genetic/developmental condition of urinary system; literally bad growth; a person has bad functioning kidneys. Abnormal development of a body (tissue) part or organ – in this case the kidneys, not functioning properly.

Dysplasia

17

types of Organ failure of the urinary system (2)

Acute renal failure
Chronic renal failure

18

Organ failure of the urinary system; sudden onset and short duration.
Failure to remove waste product from blood

Acute renal failure

19

Organ failure of the urinary system; slow onset and long duration.

Chronic renal failure

20

Postmortem conditions of diseases of the urinary system (5)

1. Edema - in the kidneys
2. Uremia - distinct odor from the body.
3. Jaundice - due to kidney dysfunction.
4. Dehydration - in other parts of the body - face.
5. Odor: ammonia neutralizes formaldehyde; as such, stronger solution is needed for embalming. Indicates kidney failure.

21

DISEASES OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (10)

a. Endometritis
b. Endocervicitis
c. Salpingitis
d. Oophoritis
e. Vaginitis
f. Gonorrheal and chlamydial infection
g. Syphilis
h. Herpes infection
i. Ectopic pregnancy
j. Eclampsia

22

disease of female the reproductive system; inflammation of the innermost layer of the uterus

Endometritis

23

disease of the female reproductive system; inflammation of the endocervix, the innermost layer of the lower constricted neck-like portion of the uterus.

Endocervicitis

24

disease of the female reproductive system; inflammation of the fallopian tubes. Could cause a woman to become permanently sterile. Site of fertilization

Salpingitis

25

disease of the female reproductive system; inflammation of one or both of the ovaries. Could be a cyst, ovarian cancer, or excess scar tissue

Oophoritis

26

disease of the female reproductive system; inflammation of the vagina or birth canal

Vaginitis

27

(2) diseases of the female reproductive system; (leading reported) - sexually transmitted diseases.

NGU & NSU- most reported

Gonorrheal &
Chlamydial infection

28

disease of the female reproductive system; sexually transmitted disease, a spiral shaped bacteria

Syphilis

29

disease of the female reproductive system; - virus, sexually transmitted infection.

Herpes infection

30

disease of the female reproductive system; exterior, any time a fertilized egg plants itself in any part of the body other than the uterus. Most common is called a tubal ectopic pregnancy. Another place for an ectopic pregnancy would be the middle of peritoneum

Ectopic pregnancy