Anatomy 2 Quarter Final Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy 2 Quarter Final Deck (53):
1

Blood flow toward the heart

veins

2

What are the 3 sub-systems within venus circulation

portal system of the liver
venus sinuses (dural sinuses)
azygos system

3

that deal with venous return of blood from the digestive organs to the liver; only system that starts at capillaries and ends at capillaries

portal system of the liver

4

rely on the force of gravity by which to bring blood from your head.

venus sinuses (dural sinuses)

5

group of veins draining blood from thoracic cavity (dorsal body wall)

azygos system

6

what are the 4 classifications for veins?

1. superficial- close to surface
2. deep- furthest from surface
3. deep veins which accompany arteries- opposed to those which exist signally
4. Vena comitantes (comites)- paired veins surround and accompany arteries

7

What are the 4 superficial veins of the upper extremities

basilic vein
cephalic vein
axillary vein
median cubital vein

8

most medial superficial vein of upper extremities; terminates by joining with the vena comitantes

basilic vein

9

most lateral superficial vein of upper extremities

cephalic vein

10

located in middle of elbow, vein used to draw blood

median cubital vein

11

What are the 6 deep veins of the upper extremities

vena comitantes of brachial artery
axillary vein
right subclavian vein
right brachiocephalic vein
left brachiocephalic vein
SVC or Superior Vena Cava

12

used as visual to located and raise artery (brachial)

vena comitantes of brachial artery

13

first single deep vein of each upper extremity with same name as artery it accompanies

axillary vein

14

accompanies right subclavian artery

right subclavian vein

15

union of right subclavian and right internal jugular; leads to the superior vena cava

right brachiocephalic vein

16

longer because it crosses over aortic arch; formed union of left internal jugular and left subclavian veins; leads to the superior vena cava

left brachiocephalic vein

17

2nd largest vein, formed by union of left and right brachiocephalic veins, drains any blood from head, neck, upper extremities and thoracic cavity

SVC or superior vena cava

18

what are the 2 superficial veins of the lower extremities

short (small) saphenous vein
great (long) saphenous vein

19

Most lateral superficial vein of lower extremities;
It begins on the lateral side of the dorsal venous network of the feet.
It terminates by emptying into the popliteal vein.

short (small) saphenous vein

20

used as graft for CABG; longest vein the human body runs entire medial aspect of lower extremities by emptying into femoral vein; NEVER use for drainage!

great (long) saphenous vein

21

What are the 5 deep veins of the lower extremities

femoral vein
L/R External iliac vein
L/R Internal iliac vein
L/R common iliac vein
IVC or Inferior vena cava

22

begins at opening of adductor magnus, used for drainage, carries blood from thigh to heart, moves superiorly (upward)

femoral vein

23

accompanies artery of same name, unites with internal iliac vein to form common iliac

Left & Right External iliac vein

24

accompanies artery of same name, drains from right gluteal region. Unites with external iliac to form common iliac

Left & Right Internal iliac vein

25

forms from uniting of the external and internal iliac veins. Left common is longer than right because it crosses under descending abdominal aorta

Left & Right common iliac vein

26

formed by union of right and left common iliac veins. Largest vein of human body. Lies laterally and to right of descending aorta. Will drain blood from lower extremities and abdomen. **only used for drainage in non autopsy infant cases.

IVC or Superior Vena Cava

27

What are the 9 tributaries of the IVC

Lumbar veins
Right Renal Vein
Left Renal Vein
Left gonadal vein
Inferior phrenic vein
Hepatic veins
Left Superenal gland vein
Right gonadal vein
Right suprarenal vein

28

4 pairs; 4 on each side; drains blood directly from lower back into IVC

Lumbar veins

29

drains from the right kidney into the IVC

right renal vein

30

drains from the left kidney directly into the IVC

left renal vein

31

drains blood from reproductive gonads. Tributary to left renal vein also.

Left Gonadal vein (testicular/ ovarian)

32

tributary of left renal vein

Left superenal glad vein

33

drains directly into the IVC from reproductive glands

right gonadal (testicular/ ovarian)

34

drains from under surface of diaphragm directly into IVC.

Inferior Phrenic vein

35

most superior tributary of the IVC; drains from liver directly into the IVC; usually 3

Hepatic veins

36

What are the 3 veins of the azygos system

azygos vein
Hemiazygous vein
Assessory Hemiazygous vein

37

drains into SVC; Only vein to drain blood from right side of the thoracic cavity drains only by means of azygos.

Azygos vein

38

left side, first vein to drain blood from left intercostals spaces 8-12, this drains directly into azygos vein.; single unpaired vein in the body

Hemiazygous vein

39

first vein to drain blood from intercostals spaces 4-7, empties into hemiazygos vein.

Asseccory Hemiazygous vein

40

The left intercostal spaces 1-3 typically empty into what?

the left brachiocephalic vein

41

What are the 6 veins of the skull

Dural venus sinus
Facial vein
Posterior auricular vein
retromandibular vein
external jugular vein
internal jugular vein

42

*brain tissue itself; all veins that drain blood from all of inside skull – gravity drains or feeds these into the internal jugular vein

Dural venus sinus

43

first vein to drain blood to those areas fed by facial arteries; cheeks, mouth, eyelids, nose, lips

Facial vein

44

behind the ear; first to drain blood to those areas fed by posterior auricular arteries and occipital arteries

Posterior auricular vein

45

named located behind the lower jaw, 1st vein to drain blood from those areas feed by maxillary & superficial temporal arteries; forehead and upper teeth

Retromandibular vein

46

only drain blood coming from outside the scalp; formed by union of posterior auricular and retromandibular

exterior jugular vein

47

drainage inside the scalp but is raised for embalming; formed by union of facial vein & retromandibular

internal jugular vein

48

What are the 4 veins of the portal system

splenic vein
superior mesenteric vein
portal vein
inferior mesenteric vein

49

first vein to drain blood from the spleen, stomach, or pancreas

splenic vein

50

drains all small of intestine and right half of the large intestine including the secum, ascending colon, transverse colon, and appendix. All parts that drain and are parts of the right large intestine

Superior mesenteric vein

51

formed by union of splenic vein and the superior mesenteric vein; single unpaired

portal vein

52

drains the first half of large intestine; rectum, anal canal, descending colon, and sigmoid colon.

inferior mesenteric vein

53

dorsal venous networks of the hands rarely use______________

deep veins for drainage