3rd Quarter Pathology Test 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Quarter Pathology Test 4 Deck (122):
1

an abnormal new growth

neoplasms (tumors)

2

Enclosed sac-like pouches that have a definite wall.Usually containing a liquid, solid, or semi-solid material

Cysts

3

Types of cysts

Duarian cyst
Sebaccous cyst

4

abnormal sac-like pouch present on the ovary.

Duarian cyst

5

type of duarian cyst

dermoid

6

duarian cyst also called...

ovarian cyst

7

a rare ovarian (duarian) cyst that contains a waxy tissue and other structures not normally foundex: teeth or hair follicles

dermoid cyst

8

an abnormal sac-like structure located on a oil gland

sebaccous

9

oil glands are also called

sebaceous glands

10

An increase in size of a body part or organ by an increase in size of the cells already present.Excessive growth

hypertrophy

11

sebaccous cysts are also called...

wen

12

an abnormal sac-like structure

tumor

13

types of hypertrophy

physiological
pathological
compensatory

14

increase in size of a body part or organ due to increased functional demand

physiological hypertrophy

15

Breast tissue due to lactation. The increase in size of the female uterus in preparation of pregnancy.

physiological hypertrophy

16

an increase in size of a body part or organ due to disease

pathological hypertrophy

17

Wilm's tumor and brain tumor is an example of what?

pathological hypertrophy

18

a rare tumor of the kidney in children

Wilm's tumor

19

increase in size of a body part or organ to compensate or make up for the loss of a similar or paired organ

compensatory hypertrophy

20

increase in size of a body part or organ by an increase in the total number of cells making it up.

hyperplasia

21

What type of change is hyperplasia?

Progressive tissue change

22

oat cell carcinoma is an example of

metaplasia

23

classifications of neoplasms

clinical
histological

24

state of disease

clinical

25

types of states of disease (clinical)

benign
malignant

26

A suffix of "oma" generally means that it is a _____________ tumorNOT ALWAYS

benign

27

ALL malignant tumors left untreated will _______________

kill

28

generally a suffix of sarcoma or carcinoma

malignant

29

malignant tumor of epithelial tissue occurring in persons 45-60

carcinoma

30

breast cancer or lung cancer are examples of what type of tumor

carcinoma

31

bone cancer is an example of what type of tumor

sarcoma

32

malignant tumor or connective tissue in persons under 30

sarcoma

33

generally, a benign tumor will NOT...

kill you

34

tissue of origin; what tissue it originated first.
Shown by its prefix or the stem of the word

histological

35

characteristics of benign neoplasms

a. Grow by expansion.
b. Don’t metastasize - don’t spread.
c. Don’t recur after surgery - removal or treatment.
d. Don’t cause great tissue damage.
e. Resemble original tissue of origin.

36

characteristics of malignant neoplasms

a. Grow by the called infiltration
b. Metastasize (spread)
c. Can reoccur after surgery.
d. Cause extensive tissue damage.
e. No resemblance to original tissue of origin.

37

take over existing tissue

infiltration

38

process by which a malignancy spreads itself to other parts of the body. Usually by means of the lymph or blood stream

metastisize

39

Types of BENIGN neoplasms

1. Epithelial tissue
2. Muscle tissue
3. Connective tissue
4. Nervous tissue

40

lining tissue...also the inner most tissue

epithelial tissue

41

Types of BENIGN EPITHELIAL TISSUE...

1. Adenoma
2. Papilloma
3. Nevus

42

glandular- a benign tumor of glandular epithelial

adenoma

43

a benign tumor of epithelial that appears as a pedestal "stalk-like" growth.

Papilloma

44

papilloma is also known as...

polyp

45

most frequently in the nasal cavity or intestinal track

papilloma

46

a benign pigmented tumor. a shade of brown or black. localized and well defined

nevus

47

nevus is also called...

mole

48

Types of BENIGN MUSCLE TISSUE

1. Rhabdomyoma
2. Leiomyoma

49

a benign tumor of tissue used for movement.

muscle tissue

50

benign muscle tissue is also called...

myoma

51

a benign tumor of skeletal muscle tissue

rhabdomyoma

52

a benign tumor of sooth muscle tissue

leiomyoma

53

Types of BENIGN CONNECTIVE TISSUE

1. Osteoma
2. Chondroma
3. Lipoma
4. Angioma
5. Fibroma

54

benign tumor of bone

osteoma

55

benign tumor of cartilage.

chondroma

56

cartilage is a form of.....

connective tissue

57

a benign tumor of fatty connective tissue

lipoma

58

a benign tumor of vascular tissue

angioma

59

types of Angiomas

1. Hemangioma
2. Lymphangloma

60

a benign tumor of blood vascular tissue

hemangioma

61

example of hemangioma....usually a shade of red.

birthmarks

62

a benign tumor of lymph vascular tissue....usually a shade of white or yellow.

lymphangloma

63

a benign tumor of fibrous connective tissue

fibroma

64

benign tumor that originates in the movement of neurons

nervous tissue

65

benign nervous tissue is also called...

neuroma

66

Types of MALIGNANT neoplasms

1. Epithelial tissue
2. Connective tissue
3. Muscle tissue
4. Nervous tissue

67

indicate a malignant tumor that originates in any type of epithelial tissue

carcinoma

68

types of carcinoma

1. Melanoma
2.Squamous cell
3. Adenocarcinoma
4. Transitional cell carcinoma
5. Bascel cell carcinoma

69

a malignant pigmented tumor.

melanoma

70

(makes up skin tissue). A malignant tumor of squamous cell epithelia

squamous cell

71

most common name given for squamous cell is .....

skin cancer

72

Squamous cell is the most ________ reported form of _________________ in adults

frequently
malignant tumors

73

gland - a malignant tumor of glandular epithelia.

Adenocarcinoma

74

most famous form of Adenocarcinoma...

breast cancer

75

a malignant tumor of transitional cell epithelia

transitional cell carcinoma

76

common form of transitional cell carcinoma

bladder cancer

77

a malignant tumor of bascel cell epithelia tissue.

bascel cell carcinoma

78

_______________ is the most lethal site of bascel cell carcinoma malignancy in ADULTS (MALE & FEMALE)

lung cancer

79

______________is the most lethal site of bascel cell carcinoma malignancy in CHILDREN

Leukemia

80

Type of MALIGNANT connective tissue

Sarcoma

81

Types of Sarcoma

1. Osteosarcoma
2. Chondrosarcoma
3. Liposarcoma
4. Fibrosarcoma
5. Angiosarcoma
6. Lymphoma

82

malignant tumor of bone

osteosarcoma

83

example of osteosarcoma

bone cancer

84

malignant tumor of cartilage

chondrosarcoma

85

What is a benign tumor of connective tissue?

Chondroma

86

malignant tumor of fatty connective tissue

liposarcoma

87

What do you call a tumor that infiltrates fatty connective tissue?

liposarcoma

88

malignant tumor of fibrous connective tissue

fibrosarcoma

89

malignant tumor of vascular tissue- blood or lymph

angiosarcoma

90

types of angiosarcoma

1. Hemangiosarcoma
2. Lymphangiosarcoma

91

malignant tumor of blood vascular tissue

hemangiosarcoma

92

malignant tumor of lymph vascular tissue

lymphangiosarcoma

93

malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue

lymphoma

94

Three tumors that end in "oma", which indicates a malignant tumor

1. Melanoma
2. Lymphoma
3. Glioma

95

example of Lymphoma

Hodgkin's disease

96

an enlarged cervical lymphoid usually on the left side of the neck in young adult males

Hodgkin's disease

97

still has a malignant tumor, but it does not present itself in young males...malignant tumor in the spleen

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

98

The largest mass of lymphoid tissue in body is the_________

spleen

99

the largest and most active lymphoid tissue during INFANCY is the ____________

thymus gland

100

Sarcoma is also used for malignant tumor of ______________ as well as ____________.

muscle tissue
connective tissue

101

Malignant muscle tissue also known as

myosarcoma

102

Types of MALIGNANT muscle tissue

1. Rhabdomyosarcoma
2. Leiomyosarcoma

103

malignant tumor of skeletal muscle tissue

Rhabdomyosarcoma

104

malignant tumor of visceral (smooth) muscle tissue

Leiomyosarcoma

105

example of Leiomyosarcoma

Esophageal cancer

106

malignant tumor of the nervous tissue

glioma

107

most common example of glioma is...

brain tumor

108

type of cancer that DOES NOT end in sarcoma

Leukemia

109

in adults, the leading cause of death resulting from cancer, regardless of sex is________

lung cancer

110

most frequently reported malignant cancer...

skin cancer (squamous cell cancer)

111

You can live longer with________

carcinoma

112

Post-mortem conditions of malignant tumors

1. Emaciation
2. Discoloration
3. Hemorrhage
4. Tissue deformation
5. Extravascular obstruction
6. Dehydration

113

Wasting away, loss of tissue. It is most noticeable in the temporal bone region.

Emaciation

114

emaciation also known as

cachexia

115

indicates liver dysfunction---a shade of green or yellow

jaundice

116

wide spread pinpoint hemorrhages...petite or smallest of the hemorrhages.

Seen in long term chemotherapeutic patients

purpura

117

types of discoloration

1. Jaundice
2. Purpura

118

loss of blood
common with brain tumors

hemorrhage

119

tissue is deformed or eaten away

tissue deformation

120

in the blood vascular system

extravascular obstruction

121

example of extravascular obstruction

Wilm's tumor

122

rare form of cancer...cancer in the kidneys...commonly found in children

Wilm's tumor