8A: Self-identity Flashcards Preview

MCAT > 8A: Self-identity > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8A: Self-identity Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

Self Concept

Our idea of who we are
e.g. I am a student, intelligent etc.

2

Self Schema

Self-given label that carries a set of qualities

3

Identity

Individual components of our self-concept

4

Aspects of Identity
(A.D.R.R.E.S.S.I.N.G)

Age
Disability Status
Religion
Race
Ethnicity
Sexual Orientation
Socioeconomic Class
Indigenous Background
National Origin
Gender

5

Gender Identity

Self appraisals on scales of masculinity and femininity; not tied to biological sex or sexual orientation

6

Ethnic Identity

Ones ethnic group

7

National Identity

Based on political borders; result of shared history, media, cuisine etc.

8

Hierarchy of Salience

We let the situation we are in dictate which identity holds the most importance for us at any given moment

9

Self-Discrepancy Theory

Maintains that each of us has three selves (ACTUAL, IDEAL AND OUGHT) and generally, the closer that the three selves are to each other, the higher our self-esteem/self-worth will be

10

Actual Self

The way we see ourselves as we currently are; made up by our self-concept

11

Ideal Self

The person we would like to be

12

Ought Self

Our representation of the way others think we should be

13

Self-Esteem

Measure of how we feel about ourselves

14

Self-Efficacy

Our belief in our ability to suceed

15

Locus of Control

Extent to which one believes they can control events affecting them

16

Internal Locus of Control

The belief that one has control over what happens around them and the outcome of their own efforts and actions

17

Characteristics of Internal LOC

Taking responsibility for ones own actions, less likely to be influenced by what others think, they work

18

External Locus of Control

The belief that one has no control over what happens around them and that things are controlled by outside forces

19

Characteristics of External LOC

Blame external sources, credit any success to luck and feel hopeless in difficult situations

20

Self-Reference Effect

Tendency to better remember information relevant to ourselves

21

Learned Helplessness

When people learn not to act because they believe it will not affect the outcome anyway - leads them to remain helpless even in situations where they can exert control

22

An obese patient doesn’t try to lose weight because their parents were also obese and died at a young age, leading the patient to believe that its “in their genes” and they’re destined to end up the same way; what is this an example of?

Learned Helplessness

23

What are the theories for formation of identity? (Psychologist + Name)

Freud - Psychosexual
Erikson - Psychosocial
Kohlberg - Moral Reasoning
Vygotsky - Biosocial

24

5 Psychosexual Development Stages and the ages associated with them

1. Oral (Birth to 1)
2. Anal (1 to 3)
3. Oedipal (3 to 5)
4. Latency (5 to 12)
5. Genital (13+)

25

Oral Stage

Gratification is obtained through putting objects into their mouth

26

Anal Stage

Gratification is obtained through elimination and retention of waste

27

Oedipal Stage (Males)

Envy fathers relationship with mother, fears castration, establishes sexual identity by identifying with his father

28

Oedipal Stage (Female)

Girls experience penis envy, expected to exhibit less stereotypically female behavior

29

8 Psychosocial Development Stages

1. Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
3. Initiative vs. Guilt
4. Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
8. Integrity vs. Despair

30

3 Categories of Moral Reasoning

1. Preconventional Morality
2. Conventional Morality
3. Postconventional Morality