10A: Social inequality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10A: Social inequality Deck (24):
1

Residential Segregation

The idea that where one resides has a substantial effect on how people interact, cooperate and advance

2

Environmental Justice

Poor living conditions and dangerous environmental conditions can result in an increase in illness and disease. Poor and minority groups tend to reside closer to sites of environmental pollution

3

Social Class

A category of people who share similar socioeconomic position in society

4

Social Capital

Considered the investments people make in their society in return for economic or collective rewards

5

Social Stratification

A system that ranks members in hierarchy

6

Types of social inequality

Situational (socioeconomic) and Positional (connections)

7

Social Mobility

The degree to which one can move about class-wise in a society

8

Intergenerational Mobility

A change in social position that happens over multiple generations

9

Intragenerational Mobility

A change in social position that happens during one's lifetime

10

Upward Mobility

A positive change in one's personal status that results in a higher position

11

Downward Mobility

A negative change in one's personal status that results in lower position

12

Meritocracy

Based on intellectual talent and achievement and is a means for a person to advance up the social ladder

13

Poverty

Low socioeconomic status and lack of possesions or financial resources

14

Social Reproduction

The idea that social inequalities can be reproduced from one generation to the next

15

Absolute Poverty

People do not have enough money or resources to maintain a quality of living that includes basic life necessities such as shelter, food, clothing and water.

16

Relative Poverty

When people are poor in comparison to the larger population in which they live.

17

Social Exclusion

Arise from the sense of powerlessness when poor individuals feel alienated from society; people are systemically blocked from normally available rights, opportunities and resources

18

What are healthcare disparities?

The idea that there is a difference between groups of people that affect one's health

19

Waitzkin's Second Sickness

The fact that health outcomes are exacerbated by social inequalities and social injustice. As a result, higher-income groups have longer life expectancies than lower-income groups.

20

Incidence

The number of new cases of an illness per population at risk in a given amount of time;

(new cases/population at risk)/time

21

Prevalence

Measure of the number of cases of an illness overall per population in a given amount of time;

(total cases/total population)/time

22

Morbidity

Burden or degree of illness associated with a given disease

23

Mortality

Deaths caused by a given disease

24

Health Profile of Low Income Groups

Overall worse health profile in terms of morbidity and mortality rates