Psychology & Sociology Terms & Definitions (TPR) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology & Sociology Terms & Definitions (TPR) Deck (70)
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1

Absolute Poverty

The inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, most notably, clean water, food, safe housing and reliable access to healthcare

2

Absolute Poverty

The inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, most notably, clean water, food, safe housing and reliable access to healthcare

3

Achieved Status

Those statuses that are considered to be due largely to an individuals efforts

4

Acquisition
[Classical Conditioning]

The process of learning the association between a conditioned stimulus and response

5

Acquisition
[Classical Conditioning]

The process of learning the association between a conditioned stimulus and response

6

Activation-Synthesis Theory

The theory that dreams are simply byproducts of brain activation during REM sleep; suggests that the contents of dreams is not purposeful or meaningful

7

Activation-Synthesis Theory

The theory that dreams are simply byproducts of brain activation during REM sleep; suggests that the contents of dreams is not purposeful or meaningful

8

Actor-Observer Bias

The tendency to blame our actions on the situation and blame the actions of others on their personalities

9

Actor-Observer Bias

The tendency to blame our actions on the situation and blame the actions of others on their personalities

10

Addiction

A compulsion to do an act repeatedly; can consist of a psychological dependence and/or a physical dependence as evidenced by drug addiction withdrawal

11

Addiction

A compulsion to do an act repeatedly; can consist of a psychological dependence and/or a physical dependence as evidenced by drug addiction withdrawal

12

Affect

A person's visible emotion in the moment

13

Affirmative Action

Policies that take factors like race or sex into consideration to benefit underrepresented groups in admissions or job hiring decisions

14

Aggregate

People who exist in the same space but do not interact or share a common sense of identity

15

Aggregate

People who exist in the same space but do not interact or share a common sense of identity

16

Aggression

Behavior that is forceful, hostile or attacking

17

Ainsworth (Mary)

Strange Situation Experiments where mothers would leave their infants in an unfamiliar environment to see how they would react

18

Algorithm

Step-by-step detailing of steps that aids with problem solving

19

Alpha Waves

Low amplitude, high frequency brain waves present in a relaxed state; indicators that a person is ready to drift off to sleep

20

Altruism

A behavior that helps ensure the success or survival of the rest of a social group, possibly at the expense of the success or survival of the individual

21

Amalgamation

Occurs when majority and minority groups combine to form a new group

22

Amalgamation

Occurs when majority and minority groups combine to form a new group

23

Anal Stage
[Freud's Psychosexual]

The second stage in which the child seeks sensual pleasure through control of elimination

24

Anterograde Amnesia

An inability to form new memories

25

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Characterized by a history of serious behavior problems beginning in adolescence including significant aggression against people or animals, property destruction, lying or theft and serious rule violation

26

Anxiety Disorder

An emotional state of unpleasant physical and mental arousal; a preparation to fight or flee; anxiety is intense, frequent, irrational and uncontrollable

27

Asch (Solomon)

Research on conformity and group pressure by placing subjects in a room with several confederates and observing the behavior of the subject when the confederates provided clearly wrong answers to questions

28

Asch (Solomon)

Research on conformity and group pressure by placing subjects in a room with several confederates and observing the behavior of the subject when the confederates provided clearly wrong answers to questions

29

Ascribed Status

Those statuses that are assigned to a person by society regardless of the persons own efforts

30

Assimilation

The process in which an individual forsakes aspects of his or her own cultural tradition to adopt those of a different culture; attempts to conform to the culture of the dominant group