Hormones Flashcards Preview

MCAT > Hormones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones Deck (72)
Loading flashcards...
1

Pineal Gland Hormones

Melatonin

2

Melatonin

Induces sleep

3

Thymus Gland Hormones

Thymosin

4

Thymosin

Stimulates T-cell Development

5

Thyroid Gland Hormones

T3 Triiodothyronine
T4 Tetraiodothyronine
Calcitonin

6

T3 & T4

Increase basal metabolic rate

7

Calcitonin

Causes the modeling of bone and decreases Ca levels in the blood

8

Parathyroid Gland Hormones

PTH

9

PTH

Causes the resorption of bone and increases Ca levels in the blood

10

Adrenal Cortex Hormones

Cortisol
Sex steroids

11

Cortisol

Responds to stress long-term, increases blood glucose, protein catabolism, decreases inflammation

12

Adrenal Medulla Hormones

Epinephrine
Aldosterone

13

Epinephrine

Rapid sympathetic stress response

14

Aldosterone

Increases sodium reabsorption to increase BP

15

Pancreas Hormones

Glucagon (alpha cells)
Insulin (beta cells)
Somatostatin (delta cells)

16

Glucagon

Results in an increase in blood glucose and decrease in glycogen and fat storage

17

Insulin

Results in a decrease in blood glucose and increase in glycogen and fat storage;

18

Somatostatin

Inhibits glucagon and insulin secretion

19

Ovarian Hormones

Estrogen
Progesterone

20

Estrogen

Develops secondary sexual characteristics

21

Progesterone

Develops the endometrium

22

Testicular Hormones

Testosterone

23

Testosterone

Develops secondary sexual characteristics

24

Anterior Pituitary Hormones

Growth Hormone
Prolactin
TSH
ACTH
LH
FSH

25

Growth Hormone

Increases bone and muscle growth, increases basal metabolic rate

26

Prolactin

Milk production

27

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

Increases synthesis and release of thyroid hormone

28

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

Increases growth and secretory activity of adrenal cortex

29

Luteinizing Hormone

Ovulation or Testosterone synthesis

30

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

Follicle development or spermatogenesis