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Medical Terminology > Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abbreviations Deck (483):
1

C1, C2, C3,...

cervical vertebra 1, 2, 3, etc.

2

DEXA

dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

3

DIP

distal interphalangeal (joint)

4

Fx

fracture

5

L1, L2, L3,...

lumbar 1, 2, 3, etc.

6

LLE

left lower extremity

7

LUE

left upper extremity

8

MCP

metacarpophalangeal

9

MTP

metatarsophalangeal

10

PIP

proximal interphalangeal (joint)

11

RLE

right lower extremity

12

RUE

right upper extremity

13

S1

sacrum

14

T1, T2, T3,...

thoracic vertebra 1, 2, 3, etc.

15

THA

total hip arthroplasty

16

THR

total hip replacement

17

TKA

total knee arthroplasty

18

TKR

total knee replacement

19

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

20

Bx

biopsy

21

bx

biopsy

22

decub.

decubitus (ulcer); pressure sore

23

derm.

dermatology

24

DLE

discoid lupus erythematosus

25

EAHF

eczema, asthma, and hay fever

26

FANA

fluorescent antinuclear antibody

27

FS

frozen section

28

ID

intradermal

29

I&D

incision and drainage

30

LE

(systemic) lupus erythematosus

31

PPD

purified protein derivative

32

PPS

progressive systemic scleroderma

33

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

34

subq.

subcutaneous

35

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

36

ung.

ointment

37

UV

ultraviolet light

38

XP, XDP

xeroderma pigmentosum

39

IM

intramuscular

40

MD

muscular dystrophy

41

DTR

deep tendon reflexes

42

EMG

electromyography

43

ESR (sed rate)

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

44

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus

45

OA

osteoarthritis

46

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

47

RF

rheumatoid factor

48

ACTH

adrenocorticotrophic hormone

49

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

50

ANS

autonomic nervous system

51

CAT

computerized axial tomography

52

CNS

central nervous system

53

CSF

cererbospinal fluid

54

CT

computerized tomography

55

CVA

cerebrovascular accident; stroke

56

EEG

electroencephalogram

57

EMG

electromyography

58

EST

electric shock therapy

59

ICP

intracranial pressure

60

LOC

level of consciousness

61

LP

lumbar puncture

62

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

63

MS

multiple sclerosis

64

MSLT

multiple sleep latency test

65

NCS

nerve conduction study

66

NPH

normal-pressure hydrocephalus

67

NREM

non-rapid eye movement (stage of sleep)

68

PEG

pneumoencephalogram

69

PET

positron emission tomography

70

PNS

peripheral nervous system

71

PSG

polysomnogram

72

REM

rapid eye movement (stage of sleep)

73

RT

reading test

74

SNS

somatic nervous system

75

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

76

TIA

transient ischemic attack

77

Ab

antibody

78

Ag

antigen

79

ABO

blood groups: A, AB, B, and O

80

AHF

antihemophilic factor (blood coagulation factor VIII)

81

AHG

antihemolytic globulin

82

ALL

acute lyphatic leukemia

83

AML

acute myelogeous leukemia

84

BMT

bone marrow transplanation

85

CBC

complete blood (cell) count

86

CLL

cholesterol-lowering lipid
chronoic lymphocytic leukemia

87

diff. diag.

differential diagnosis

88

eos.

eosinophil

89

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

90

G-CSF

granulocyte colony-stimulating factor

91

GM-CSF

granulocyte-machrphage colony-stimulating factor

92

Hb

hemoglobin

93

Hbg

hemoglobin (also Hgb)

94

Hct

hematocrit

95

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

96

Hgb

hemoglobin (also Hbg)

97

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, wIgM

immunoglobulin A, D, E, G, and M, respectively

98

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

99

lymph

lymphocyte

100

MCH

mean cell hemoglobin

101

MCHC

mean cell hemoglobin concentration

102

mono.

monocyte

103

poly.

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

104

PMN

polymorphonuclear neutrophil (leukocytes)

105

PA

pernicious anemia

106

PT

prothrombin time

107

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

108

RBC

red blood cell (erythrocyte)

109

segs

segmented neutrophils

110

VLDL

very-low-density lipoprotein

111

WBC

white blood cell (leukocyte)

112

ARC

AIDS-related complex

113

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

114

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

115

CMV

cytomegalovirus

116

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

117

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

118

Histo

histology

119

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

120

HSV

herpes simplex virus

121

ITP

idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

122

KS

Kaposi's sarcoma

123

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

124

ABG(s)

arterial blood gas(es)

125

AFB

acid-fast bacilli (The only AFB of cinical significance are organisms of the genus Mycobacterium, which caused tuberculsis and leprosy)

126

AP

anteroposterior (a directional term, used particularly in X-rays, meaning "from the front to the back"; i.e., anteroposterior view of the chest)

127

ARD

acute respiratory disease (or distress)

128

ARDS

adult respiratory distress syndrome

129

ARF

acute respiratory failure

130

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

131

CO2

carbon dioxide

132

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (associated with chronic bronchitis and emphysema)

133

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

134

CXR

chext X-ray

135

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis (whopping cough), and tetanus; an immunization given in childhood to prevent these diseases by providing immunity

136

IPPB

intermittent positve pressure breathing

137

LLL

lower left lobe (of the lung)

138

LUL

left upper lobe (of the lung)

139

O2

oxygen

140

PA

posteroanterior (a directional term, used particularly in X-rays, meaning "from the back to the front"; i.e. posteroanterior view of the chest)

141

PaCO2

partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Co2) dissolved in the blood

142

PaO2

partial pressure of oxygen (O2) dissolved in the blood.

143

PCP

Pneumocystis carinii (pneumonia)

144

PFT(s)

pulmonary function test(s)

145

PPD

purified protein derivative; substance used in intradermal test for tuberculosis; now called TST.

146

R

respiration

147

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

148

RLL

right lower lobe (of the lungs)

149

RML

right middle lobe (of the lungs)

150

RUL

right upper lobe (of the lungs

151

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

152

SOB

shortness of breath

153

T&A

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

154

TB

tuberculosis

155

TPR

temperature, pulse and respiration

156

TST

tuberculosis skin test

157

URI

upper respiratory infection

158

A Fib

atrial fibrillation

159

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

160

AS

aortic stenosis

161

ASD

atrial septal defect

162

ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart disease

163

AV

atrioventricular

164

BBB

bundle branch block

165

BP

blood pressure

166

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

167

CAD

coronary artery disease

168

Cath

catheterization

169

CC

cardiac catheterization

170

CCU

coronary care unit

171

CHD

coronary heart disease

172

CHF

congestive heart failure

173

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

174

CT (scan)

computed axial tomography (scan)

175

CAT (scan)

computed axial tomography (scan)

176

CVD

cardiovascular disease

177

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

178

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

179

ECG

electrocardiogram

180

ECHO

echocardiogram

181

EKG

electrocardiogram

182

HCVD

hypertensive cardiovascular disease

183

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

184

ICD

implantable cardioversion defibrillator

185

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

186

MI

myocardial infarction

187

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

188

MS

mitral stenosis

189

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

190

PACs

premature atrial contractions

191

PAT

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

192

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus

193

PET

positron emission tomography

194

PVCs

premature ventricular contractions

195

SA

sinoatrial

196

V Fib

ventricular fibrillation

197

VSD

ventricular septal defect

198

VT

ventricular tachycardia

199

V Tach

ventricular tachycardia

200

a.c.

before meals (ante cibum)

201

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

202

AST

aspartate aminotransferase (formally called serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)

203

Ba

barium

204

BE

barium enema

205

b.i.d.

twice a day

206

CT SCAN

computed tomography (scan)

207

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

208

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

209

GB

gallbladder

210

GBS

gallbladder series

211

GER

gastroesophageal reflux

212

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

213

GI

gastrointestinal

214

GI series

gastrointestinal series

215

GTT

glucose tolerance test

216

HAV

hepatitis A virus

217

HBV

hepatitis B virus

218

HCI

hydrochloric acid

219

HCV

hepatitis C virus

220

IBS

irritable bowl syndrome

221

IVC

intravenous cholangiography

222

LES

lower esophageal sphincter (also known as the cardiac sphincter)

223

LFT

liver function test

224

MRI

magnetic resonance imagine

225

N&V

nausea and vomiting

226

NG

nasogastric

227

NPO, n.p.o.

nothing by mouth

228

OCG

oral cholecystogram

229

p.c.

after meals (post cibum)

230

PP, pp

postprandial

231

PPBS

postprandial blood sugar

232

PPG

postprandial glucose

233

PTC, PTHC

percutaneious transhepatic cholangiogram

234

SBFT

small bowel follow-through

235

SBS

small bowel series

236

SGOT

serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase; now called aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

237

SGPT

serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase

238

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

239

UGI series

upper gastrointestinal series.

240

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

241

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

242

BMR

basal metabolic rate

243

Ca

calcium

244

DI

diabetes insipidus

245

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

246

DM

diabetes mellitus

247

FBS

fasting blood sugar

248

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

249

GH

growth hormone

250

GTT

glucose tolerance test

251

HDL

high0density lipoprotein

252

HgbA1C

hemoglobin A1C

253

IDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; also known as type 1 diabetes

254

K

potassium

255

LH

luteinizing hormone

256

LTH

lactogenic hormone

257

MSH

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

258

Na

sodium

259

NiDDM

non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; also known as type 2 diabetes

260

OT

oxytocin

261

PBI

protein-bound iodine

262

PTH

parathyroid hormone

263

RAI

radioactive iodine

264

RAIU

radioactive iodine uptake

265

T3

trilodothyronine (thyroid hormone)

266

T4

thyroxine (thyroid hormone)

267

TFT

thyroid function tests

268

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

269

VLDL

very-low-density lipoprotein

270

Acc

accommodation

271

ARMD

age-related macular degeneration

272

cc

with correction (with glasses)

273

ECCE

extracapsular cataract extraction

274

EOM

extraocular movement

275

ERG

electroretinogram

276

ICCE

intracapsular cataract extraction

277

IOL

intraocular lens

278

IOP

intraocular pressure

279

LASIK

laser in situ keratomileusis

280

OD

right eye (ocular dexter)

281

OS

left eye (ocular sinister)

282

OU

each eye (ocular uterque)

283

PEARL

pupils equal and reactive to light

284

PERLA

pupils equal; react to light and accommodation

285

PERRLA

pupils equal; round, react to light, and accommodation

286

PRK

photo-refractive keratectomy

287

REM

rapid eye movement

288

sc

without correction

289

VA

visual acuity

290

VF

visual field

291

ABLB

alternate binaural louness balance

292

ABR

auditory brain stem response

293

AC

air conduction

294

AD

right ear (auris dextra)

295

AS

left ear (auris sinistra)

296

AOM

acute otitis media

297

AU

each ear (auris unitas)

298

BC

bone conduction

299

BOM

bilateral otitis media

300

COM

chronic otitis media

301

dB

decibel

302

EENT

ears, eyes, nose, and throat.

303

ENT

ears, nose, and throat

304

OE

otitis externa

305

PTS

permanent threshold shift

306

SOM

serous otitis media

307

TM

tympanic membrane

308

TTS

temporary threshold shift

309

ADH

antiiuretic hormone

310

AGN

acute glomerular nephritis

311

ARF

acute renal failure

312

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

313

CAPD

continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

314

CCPD

continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis

315

CRF

chronic renal failure

316

C & S

culture and sensitivity

317

Cysto

cystoscopy

318

EPO

erythropoietin

319

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

320

ESWL

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

321

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

322

HD

hemodialysis

323

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

324

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

325

pH

abbreviation for the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution; pH means potential hydrogen

326

RP

retrograde pyelogram

327

sp.gr.

specific gravity

328

UA

urinalysis

329

UTI

urinary tract infection

330

VCUG

voiding cystourethogram

331

AB

abortion

332

ACS

American Cancer Society

333

CIS

carcinoma in situ

334

Cx

cervix

335

D&C

dilatation and curettage

336

ECC

endocervical curettage

337

EMB

endometrial biopsy

338

ERT

estrogen replacement therapy

339

GYN

gynecology

340

HSG

hysterosalpingography

341

HPV

human papilloma virus

342

IUD

intrauterine device; a particular type of contraceptive device

343

LBP

liquid-based Pap

344

LEEP

loop electrosurgical excision procedure

345

LH

luteinizing hormone

346

LMP

last menstrual period

347

LSO

left salpingo-oophorectomy

348

Pap

Papanicolaou smear

349

Path

pathology

350

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

351

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

352

RSO

right salpingo-oophorectomy

353

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

354

TVH

total vaginal hysterectomy

355

AFP

alpha-fetoprotein

356

C-section

cesarean section

357

CS

cesarean section

358

CST

contraction stress test

359

EDB

expected date of birth

360

EDC

expected date of confinement; estimated date of confinement (i.e., estimated date for birth of baby)

361

EDD

expected date of delivery

362

EFM

electronic fetal monitoring

363

FHR

fetal heart rate

364

FHS

fetal heart sound

365

FHT

fetal heart tone

366

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

367

G

gravida (pregnant)

368

GPA

gravida, para, abortion

369

HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

370

HELLP

Hemolytic anemia, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelet Count

371

L & D

labor and delivery

372

LMP

last menstrual period

373

LNMP

last normal menstrual period

374

Multip

multipara

375

NSD

normal spontaneous delivery

376

NST

non stress test

377

OB

obstetrics

378

Primip

primipara

379

SVD

spontaneous vaginal delivery

380

TPAL

term, preterm, abortions, living (this is used on obstetrical history forms to obtain patient data)

381

UC

uterine contractions

382

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

383

ASQ

Ages & Stages Questionnaire

384

BCG

bacille Calmette-Guerin [vaccine]

385

DPT

diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus [vaccine]

386

DS

Down Syndrome

387

EA

esophageal atresia

388

HDN

hemolytic disease of the newborn (erythroblastosis fetalis)

389

HIB

Haemophilus influenzae type B [vaccine]

390

HMD

hyaline membrane disease

391

MMR

measles-mumps-rubella [vaccine]

392

PKU

phenylketonuria

393

PNP

pediatric nurse practitioner

394

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

395

SBS

shaken baby syndrome

396

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

397

Tb

tuberculosis

398

Td

tetanus and diphtheria toxoid

399

AP

anteroposterior

400

Ba

barium

401

BE

barium enema

402

CAT

computed axial tomography

403

C-spine

cervical spine (film)

404

CT

computed tomography

405

CXR

chest X-ray

406

DSA

digital subraction angiography

407

DSR

dynamic spatial reconstructor

408

ECHO

echocardiogram

409

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

410

Fx

fracture

411

IVC

intravenous cholangiography

412

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

413

IVU

intravenous urography

414

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder

415

LGI

lower gastrointestinal (serious)

416

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

417

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

418

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance (imaging)

419

NPO

nothing by mouth

420

PA

posteroanterior

421

PET

positron emission tomography

422

PTC, PTHC

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

423

rad

radiation absorbed dose

424

RAI

radioactive iodine

425

RIA

radioimmunoassay

426

SBS

small bowel series

427

SPECT

single-photon emission computed tomography

428

UGI

upper gastrointestinal (series)

429

u/s

ultrasound

430

Bx

biopsy

431

bx

biopsy

432

Ca

cancer

433

CEA

carcinoembryonic antigen

434

DES

diethylstilbestrol

435

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

436

mets

metastasis

437

NHL

non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

438

Pap smear

a simple smear method of examining stained exfoliative cells; the Papanicolaou test

439

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

440

RNA

ribonucleic acid

441

RTx

radiation therapy

442

TNM

tumor, nodes, and metastasis (a system for staging malignant neoplastic disease)

443

ADD

attention-deficit disorder

444

ADHD

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

445

CA

chronological age

446

CNS

central nervous system

447

DAP

Draw-a-Person personality test

448

DSM

Diagnositc and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

449

DTs

delirium tremens

450

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

451

IQ

intelligence quotient

452

LSD

lysergic acid diethylamide (a hallucinogenic drug)

453

MA

mental age

454

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

455

OCD

obsessive-compulsive disease

456

PCP

phencyclidine (a psychoactive drug)

457

TAT

thematic apperception test (personality test)

458

WAIS

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

459

WISC

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

460

WPPSI

Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence

461

AAA

Area Agency on Aging

462

AD

Alzheimer's disease

463

ADL

activities of daily living

464

BPH

benign prostatic hypertorphy

465

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

466

CAD

coronary artery disease

467

Cath

catheterization

468

CHF

congestive heart failure

469

CVA

cerebrovascular accident; stroke

470

CDV

cardiovascular disease

471

DEXA

dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

472

ECG

electrocardiogram

473

EKG

electrocardiogram

474

ECHO

echocardiogram

475

GCNS

gerontological clinical nurse specialist

476

GNP

gerontological nurse practitioner

477

KUB

kidneys, ureters, bladder (an x-ray)

478

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

479

RSVP

retired seniors volunteer program

480

SOB

shortness of breath

481

TIA

transient ischemic attack

482

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

483

URI

upper respiratory infection